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Property - 2: Cosine rule

We use standard rotation. In a  \(\Delta ABC\) ,

\[\begin{align}& {{a}^{2}}={{b}^{2}}+{{c}^{2}}-2bc\ \cos A \\ & {{b}^{2}}={{c}^{2}}+{{a}^{2}}-2ac\ \cos B \\  & {{c}^{2}}={{a}^{2}}+{{b}^{2}}-2ab\ \cos C \end{align}\]

The justification is trivial. We consider the first part.

\[\begin{align}&{\text{We have,}}  \\ & {a^2} = B{D^2} + C{D^2}  \\  \;\;\;\; &\quad= \;{\left( {c\sin A} \right)^2} + {\left( {AC - AD} \right)^2}  \\  \;\;\;\; &\quad= {\left( {c\sin A} \right)^2} + {\left( {b - c\cos A} \right)^2}  \\  \;\;\;\; &\quad= {b^2} + {c^2} - 2bc\cos A  \\ \end{align} \]

Observe that these relations will hold even when the triangle is obtuse. If the triangle is right angled, say at A, the cosine rule reduces to the Pythagoras theorem \({a^2} = {b^2} + {c^2}\)

Download SOLVED Practice Questions of Cosine Rule for FREE
Trigonometry
grade 11 | Questions Set 1
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grade 11 | Answers Set 1
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grade 11 | Questions Set 2
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grade 11 | Answers Set 2
Download SOLVED Practice Questions of Cosine Rule for FREE
Trigonometry
grade 11 | Questions Set 1
Trigonometry
grade 11 | Answers Set 1
Trigonometry
grade 11 | Questions Set 2
Trigonometry
grade 11 | Answers Set 2
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