Teaching Methods - The Complete List

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May 15, 2020

Reading Time: 7 minutes

“A teacher takes a hand, opens a mind and touches a heart.”

Great teachers are always remembered and cherished by students. They have a long-lasting impact on student’s lives as they prepare them for the real world. A great teacher is a selfless person who aims for clear learning outcomes. They set high expectations for all students and have clear chalked-out objectives.

Teaching methods

Today, we can connect to any corner of the world on a single click. Communicating with people has become smart and cheap. Completing tasks within the given deadline has become comparatively faster and easier. A classroom used to be a very dynamic environment for children. But, with the advancements in technology, the world is heading towards smart learning. In this article, we will discuss some modern-day teaching methodologies and effective teaching techniques for students of different age groups. These modern methods of teaching are proven to be the most effective teaching techniques for today’s generation.

The term teaching method refers to the general principles or the pedagogy used to convey information and instructions to the students. A single teaching method cannot suffice all the different types of subjects or the different standards of students. Institutions, today, are focusing on providing the highest quality of education by deploying the smartest teaching techniques for their students. 


Teaching methods can be divided based on two major parameters:

  • Teacher-centered approach: Here, teachers are the main authority figure. Students are viewed as empty vessels who get the knowledge through lectures and instructions, testing, and assessments.

  • Student-centered approach: Here, teachers and students participate in a meaningful discussion. The role of the teacher is just to coach and facilitate student learning. There are different forms of assessment, group projects, and class participation.


At Cuemath, we believe and lay our focus on the second parameter. Through our smart online live classes, we provide a platform for the students to participate enthusiastically while getting all the relevant knowledge of maths. We try to apply different approaches of teaching so that the educators gain a better understanding of their class governance and connect with their students. 

We try to create an online dynamic platform for the kids to grow and develop their mathematical skills.

There are a number of ways to improve the teaching methodologies:

  • Strengthen the skills of teaching and grab plenty of knowledge from various sources about the subject and the topic

  • Structure a blueprint before starting the lesson

  • Try to get feedback from the students

  • Maintain a slow pace so that every student can catch up

  • Keep asking questions in between the lessons

  • Encourage students to ask doubts and questions

  • Clarify the doubts in a simple and student-friendly way

  • Inform students about their mistakes and ensure that they are not repeating it again 

  • Use examples to which students can relate the lessons

  • Encourage them to solve the problems logically on their own

Further in this article, is a mention of some of the modern methods of teaching that are used. There is also an inclusion of the age category of the students for the relevant technique, in the brackets. Towards the end, there is also a mention of the methods and techniques used by Cuemath to provide the best online experiences to its students. 


Types of teaching methods:

There are 13 types of teaching methods.

  1. Personalized Learning (for all age groups)

This type of teaching method can actually be complicated because the different challenges, lessons, and instructional styles are to be tailored to support different student’s needs. It also requires constant monitoring and guidance, one to one interaction, and doubt clearing sessions at every stage. Such a learning type helps students to develop their practical skills like mathematical calculation abilities and mental skills. It helps teachers to make their students focused.


  1. Project-Based Learning (effective for students above class 5)

PBL helps students to go beyond their imaginations and come up with creative and unique ideas. Group based PBL ensures the development of other skills like teamwork, time management, coordination, and leadership. Such a type of learning requires regular participation. Teachers are like collaborators and coaches rather than instructors. Teachers can give various group tasks and projects, in subjects like mathematics, which will encourage them to undergo research for answers.


  1. Place-Based Education (effective for students at an early age)

The place of study has a great impact on the learnings of the children. Therefore, it becomes very important to teach children in an environment where they can see the practical aspect of what they are being taught. This helps them store the concepts in the form of various images for a lifetime. Subjects like mathematics should be taught in an environment where students get enough practical experience and knowledge.


  1. Competitive Learning (Class 6 to lifetime)

The world has become a real competitive place. Students will face competition in each and every stage of their life. The sooner they develop the spirit of competitiveness, the better they perform in all their endeavors. Competitions should be taken healthily with a spirit of learning. This way students will develop the habit of learning from their failures and rising above them. Competitive skill based exams in subjects like mathematics helps students to develop skills which will be fruitful for them in the long run. 


  1. Direct Instruction (for all age groups)

This is a very teacher-centered approach and must be avoided whenever possible. It refers to the traditional teaching strategy that relies on lectures and teacher-led demonstrations. It often relies on the use of textbooks and workbooks instead of computers and one-to-one devices. Sometimes, it becomes important to provide direct instructions in a few topics of mathematics and other subjects, but this should not be a regular practice.


  1. Flipped Classrooms (for all age groups) 

This is a powerful way of educating students. It generally refers to implementing pre-recorded lectures. The student has the advantage of learning at their own pace and in their own free time. But it also prevents mutual one-to-one discussions and real-time doubt clearing sessions. Pre-recorded videos can be a great source of learning for students in subjects like mathematics where each individual takes his own time to understand the concepts.


  1. Kinesthetic Learning (for all age groups)

In simple terms, this means "hands-on learning”. This type of learning is based on the idea of multiple intelligences which requires students to do, make, or create. Students, in this practice of teaching, perform physical activities rather than listening to lectures or watching demonstrations. Teachers can combine the physical activities with the mental mathematics skills related to basic operations like addition, multiplication etc.


  1. Inquiry-based Learning (after class 8) 

This is a teaching method where a teacher generally takes the role of a mentor whose only task is guidance and solving the doubts. They encourage students to ask questions. Based on the questions, the teacher provides an inquisitive answer where the student actually has to begin the research once again in order to get the final answer. Doubts are sure to arise in subjects like mathematics. These doubts must be solved by the teachers sportingly. Only the Inquiry-based learning will be a success.


  1. Game-based Learning (for all age groups)

It engages students in a more active form of learning. The games are developed in order to encourage the thinking mindset of children. The focus is not on grades but on learning through practicing and involving. In this learning method, students work on quests to accomplish a specific goal by choosing actions and experimenting with those actions. Gamified models and simulations are also used in advanced study curriculums. Practical subjects like mathematics can be learnt in an easy and a quick manner by such a type of teaching method.


  1. Student-Led Classroom (for students above class 5)

In simple terms it means giving a student an opportunity to become a teacher and to teach to other students. This way they learn a lot of management skills and it also helps them clarify their own concepts. In most cases, it is noticed that this way a student typically develops a higher quality of educational skills. In practical subjects like mathematics, students gain confidence and spirits while undergoing such a type of teaching technique. It is a source of revision for them.


  1. Class Discussion (for all age groups) 

A healthy way to conduct classes making students learn is through classroom discussions. This broadens the thinking horizons of the students. They try to practice the concepts, revise them properly, make notes, and actively compete with their peers in such a type of discussion and participation. Subjects like maths and science have their own language. A proper class discussion helps students to learn these jargons and also apply them in their common communications.


  1.  Visualization (generally for the younger age group)

Showcasing students with pictures, videos, and graphics helps them to create visual depictions of the concept in their mind frames which helps them understand the concepts in a better way. It also helps them to improve their concentration abilities and focus. Maths can be taught to students by creating interesting visualisations for different problems and assignments. Students who are able to create such visuals often tend to learn faster, when compared to others.


  1. Competency based learning (for everyone) 

It is an approach to education that focuses on the student’s progression through curriculum at their own pace, depth, etc. It generally focuses on observable skills or ‘competencies,’. It is traditionally thought of in terms of skills and vocation, but it can be entirely “academic” as well. Subjects which demand time, like mathematics, should be taught using this study approach so that students can learn the concepts in their own time.

Best of luck! yes

Happy studying!

Cuemath is an active online platform for the students. They try to deploy student oriented teaching facilities on an online platform for the mathematics subject. It empowers students to learn math by reasoning and visualization instead of memorizing. It provides them with a personalized one to one learning experience. It ensures active student participation and makes sure that the doubts of these students get clarified on a real-time basis through the online portals itself. Being an online platform, students are independent to choose their learning place as per their own convenience. Cuemath provides its students with enough resources and tools so that they remain competent in all their endeavors. 

It provides students with both the live sessions and a flipped classroom platform. Not only this, but Cuemath also believes in the fun and thereby provides games based learning too through its Maths gym App available for both Android as well as for iOS users. This app consists of numerous games, puzzles, mental quizzes, etc which helps the student to develop their mental abilities. Our systems are designed to provide our users with the best environment and easy to learn experience. We lay our focus towards the why behind every question, thus empowering students to think and logically derive a particular solution. We also provide students with lecture notes and practice assignments to ensure their revision and continuous learning. We have customized learning plans made for each student after assessing their areas of strengths and weaknesses. This enables us to provide them with better guidance at every step which they take. Our students have been recorded to perform 2x better times than their peers. Because of such a diversified platform, they have also excelled in various Mathematics Olympiads that constantly takes place throughout the country. We assure you, we will definitely meet up the expectations set from us and will continue providing quality education to all our students in the most useful and diverse way possible.


Learn from the best math teachers and top your exams

  • Live one on one classroom and doubt clearing
  • Practice worksheets in and after class for conceptual clarity
  • Personalized curriculum to keep up with school