The 'Why, What and How" of Cognitive Development


24 November 2020

Reading time: 4 minutes


Development involves change as well as growth.

Right from birth, children are growing in four aspects: motor (physically), language (dialect) & communication, cognitive, and social-emotional.

cognitive development in early adulthood: a girl thinking

Many parents are worried about their child's development of cognitive skills and abilities. They are curious about how to apply the various cognitive theories to their child's mental growth.

As a parent, one can do plenty of activities at home, for a child's cognitive development using cognitive analysis.

Also read:

Want to know how? Read below to learn more about Cognitive development in children and the best ways to increase mental growth. 

We discuss all stages from cognitive development in infants, then cognitive development in adolescence till cognitive development in early adulthood.

Let's first understand what it is and how to aid your child's cognitive development.

Downloadable PDF

Cognitive Development is very essential for a child. Every parent must have an idea of how it is done. Download the PDF below to know more about it!

📥 What is Cognitive Development?


What is Cognitive Development?

Cognitive development is the building up of thought processes, which includes remembering, problem-solving, and decision-making, from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. It is a major part of child development theories

In-depth into the cognitive analysis of a child

In other words, the interaction of genetic and learned factors affects children's thinking, exploration, and figuring out things which in turn helps children to perceive, think about, and acknowledge the world around them.

They learn actively right from birth. The child’s brain is making 700 to 1,000 neural network interconnections every second even before they reach 3 years of age!

The areas of cognitive theories on cognitive development are description processing, knowledge, reasoning, language development, and memory.

To understand cognition and cognitive analysis, watch this video:


It is important to foster a child's cognitive development as soon as he/she is born because doing so provides a strong foundation for your child's success in school and later in life.

At Cuemath, our aim is to make them great at math, mental aptitude right from foundation level.

Why are cognitive theories important for a child?

For children these are the reasons why cognitive theories and cognitive development are important for mental growth:

Cognitive theories for cognitive development in kids

  • Their perception and thinking skills improve and develop by gathering, sorting, and processing information, use of data.
  • It is better to pay attention to what their thoughts are about the world around them.
  • When a child’s active memory, attention, along with a child’s capacity to manage and respond to the incidences and information they encounter on a daily basis.
  • As a child is taking in information and processing it daily with intent and purpose, it can be compared with a traffic controlling system.

How can I promote my child’s cognitive development?

You have been taking part unknowingly, but now you need to actively involve in quality interactions daily with your child. 

You might have not even realized how you apply the cognitive theories in day to day life.

thinking baby: mental growth in children

Some of the tricks to developing cognitive skills in our children, try the following examples:

Cognitive development in infants

Communication is the key to successful cognitive development in middle childhood. Having a discussion and talking with your child using simple sentences (Look it is a bird, let’s count how many birds there are) and name frequently used objects. 

Playing games by sorting, counting, singing, and reading for your baby regularly. Hand them books, puzzles for further mental growth.

Let them categorize, match, sort, compare with toys and activities.

Mother Nature is full of information, letting them experience by moving around, letting them explore, touch, feel ( texture, sizes, shapes of leaves).

mother teaching kid: cognitive development in infants

Focus on how to expand your child's interests in specific learning projects.

Try and answer your child’s “why” questions.

As parents, it is essential we must think about their thought process and learning and not “what” children think or learn.

Cognitive Development in adolescence

As we get older, the ability of our brain to adapt to change reduces, making the first few years of a child’s life uneasy to adjust around which affects their overall growth and success in the cognitive development in early adulthood.

Guide children to stay focused and attentive, also limit distractions and interruptions.

Try to observe and reflect on what they are trying to accomplish by expressing interest in your child’s activities.

By setting realistic goals, help children develop memories by maintaining the routine and room arrangements. 

As said earlier it is necessary to talk with children to recollect what they did earlier in the day or the day before for cognitive Development in adolescence.

kid solving on board: cognitive development in middle childhood

Encourage problem-solving attitude which enhances cognitive skills in children.

Create interest and curiosity by noticing things and suggesting, “Let’s see what would happen if?”

Offer small activities/assignments that are challenging enough to increase interest but which are not impossible.

Encourage them with a positive attitude, express feelings or share the joy children feel as they show you their accomplishments. 

Avoid bribing your child with unnecessary and expensive rewards.


Another way that you can aid to apply cognitive theories for a child, is to provide him/her with choices and prompt him/her to make thoughtful decisions.

One of the best decisions is choosing ‘Cuemath’ where your child will undergo cognitive analysis.

Cuemath prepares a plan of action based on your child’s age and capabilities for further mental growth, then forms a mathematical learning process that helps with cognitive development simultaneously. 

  • Once logical reasoning skills are developed in a child with the help of puzzle cards, animation, games, simulation, and mathematical proof, kids will start thinking on their own.
  • While you may want to provide some gentle guidance and encouragement, allow your child some time to figure out things, like a new puzzle.
  • To Develop Cognitive behaviour in your child, may require some patience on your part, but it will ultimately help him/her to learn to adapt to the world around them.

Most important aspect of a child's development is to avoid comparison with any other child. Each child has their own pace and qualities, areas of interests.

To improve your child cognitive development, start by letting your children do it by themselves, and then follow step by step towards their mental growth. 

About Cuemath

Cuemath, a student-friendly mathematics platform, conducts regular Online Live Classes for academics and skill-development and their Mental Math App, on both iOS and Android, is a one-stop solution for kids to develop multiple skills. Know more about the Cuemath fee here, Cuemath Fee

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Cognition meaning in hindi?

In hindi cognition, perception or process of knowing is called "Anubhooti", "Sangyaan" or "Gyapti".

Which psychologist was most influential in shaping our understanding of cognitive development?

Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist, was most influential in shaping our understanding of cognitive development. He developed four stages of cognitive development theory and has most contribution of our present understanding of the subject.

Cognitive meaning in hindi?

In hindi cognitive, being perceptive or process of knowing is called "Sangyaanaatmak", "Gyaan Sambandhi" or "Anubhooti".

External References

To learn more about Cognitive Development

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