Programming is one of the most widely discussed topics these days. In the past decade arenas like banking, shopping, travel have all been upgraded to more sophisticated methods for offering their services. All this has been possible because of programming.
Programmers are the people who turn an idea into a reality. However, have you ever tried to wonder who were these people who laid the foundation of computing? Where did it all began? Who were the pioneers? In this article we will be covering some of these celebrated and famous programmers, and what their contribution to the world of programming has been like?
Charles Babbage was born in 1791 in London and is credited with designing the first computing machine. He was a prolific inventor, mathematician, scientist, reforming critic of the scientific establishment and a political economist. He published six full length works and nearly ninety papers. His work led to development of a machine that could calculate. Babbage's Difference Engine Number 1 was the first device ever devised that could calculate and print mathematical tables. This technology paved the way for other scientists to make machines that could follow commands given by a human brain.
Here’s an interesting fact about Charles Babbage: He was a mathematician who enjoyed precision and accuracy. The human error rate in the calculation of maths tables was very high. He wanted to decrease the error rate by removing the need for human intervention.
Augusta Ada king, Countess of Lovelace was a famous English mathematician and considered to be the first woman to write the world's first algorithm (computer program ) for Charles Babbage (father of the computer ) "Analytical Engine" to calculate "Bernoulli's number". Lovelace believed any piece of content—including music, text, pictures and sounds—could be translated to digital form and manipulated by machine. She is Known as "Enchantress of Number " and "Lady Fairy ".
Something interesting about Ada Lovelace, she conceptualized a flying machine. After studying the anatomy of birds and the suitability of various materials, the young girl illustrated plans to construct a winged flying apparatus before moving on to think about powered flight.
Admiral Grace Murray Hopper received many awards and commendations for her accomplishments. In 1969, she was awarded the first ever Computer Science Man-of-the-Year Award from the Data Processing Management Association. In 1971, the Sperry Corporation initiated an annual award in her name to honor young computer professionals for their significant contributions to computer science. In 1973, she became the first person from the United States and the first woman of any nationality to be made a Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society.
Popularly known as ‘Father of Modern Computing’. Alan Turing laid the foundation of modern computing systems. He was an influential figure in the development of computer science. He formalised the concept of algorithm and computation with the ‘Turing Machine’, which can be considered a model of a general-purpose computer.
Here’s an interesting piece of information about Alan Turing, he played an important role in winning World War II. He helped the British government pioneer the technology to decrypt Nazi Germany’s secret communications during World War II.
Kathleen Booth (born 1922) wrote the first assembly language and designed the assembler and auto code for the first computer systems at Birkbeck College, University of London. She helped design three different machines including the ARC (Automatic Relay Calculator), SEC (Simple Electronic Computer), and APE(X)C.
Bill Gates, an American billionaire, co-founded ‘Microsoft’ along with Paul Allen. He is considered one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the microcomputer revolution of the 1970s and 1980s. He brought the software revolution in the 1980s. His work on operating systems revolutionized software systems and business. He transformed the world of personal computers through the windows computer platform. ‘Microsoft Office’, a widely used tool in all companies, is a by-product of Gates’s work in software.
The list of programmers is endless. People like Steve Wozniak, Larry Page, Margaret Hamilton, Joan Clarke all have been instrumental in uplifting the world of technology. It is because of pioneers like them we have some incredible opportunities to turn ideas into reality. Had it not been for technology the world would have stood at a standstill during the Pandemic.
At Cuemath we have a community of talented teachers who are applying the best practices focused on research to give your child sound fundamentals in computer science, critical reasoning, and artistic problem-solving abilities. Cuemath provides live 1:1 Live Online Coding classes and Math classes. Book a demo and get in touch with our academic counsellor to get the best course for your child.
-By Chandni Shrivastava
Chandni is adroit in education and her knack for understanding the core needs of the system and unique pedagogies to address them draws inspiration from her early days of a Master's degree in Psychology. A thorough believer in "Every student deserves quality education"; she has worked with various institutions and non-profits. When not absorbed in making the education system better, she is a self claimed foodie who loves exploring cuisines and even runs a blog called 'whatsforlunch' for her fellow foodie folks in Mumbai and Bangalore. She indulges in reading, occasional binge watching and forever collecting new magnets.