Fine motor skills refer to those skills which require the use of smaller muscles of the hands or legs. It involves activities like holding a pencil or pen, scissors to cut something, constructing building blocks, and opening the lunch boxes, etc. These tasks might seem to be very easy but for a child, these are like milestones.
Therefore it is very important to make them undergo regular practice for the same.
Typically, a child develops these skills until the age of five.
A child undergoes different phases of growth and development process. In this PDF, we will go through Fine Motor Skills which is yet another phase of learning focusing upon coordination, self-esteem, thinking capabilities, and more.
Parents often ask us about the importance of developing these fine motor skills. Some of the reasons are:
It helps the child to perform crucial tasks like thinking, grasping, and moving objects.
It provides the child with control over the activities that they perform.
It helps the child to coordinate their movements with their sensory organs.
It develops their handwriting and drawing skills.
It helps the child to become more independent and understand the work.
It boosts the confidence and self-esteem of the child.
How can Students Improve Fine Motor Skills in Maths?
When it comes to studies, especially mathematics, there is a little different approach to develop fine motor skills. How can students improve their fine motor skills?
Make the child draw shapes and understand them.
Make the child use various mathematical tools available in the geometry box.
Children must be taught to patterns
They must perform mathematical calculations while undergoing certain activities.
Building 3-D shapes or practicing back counting.
Relating different activities and practical examples along with mathematical problems
What are the different types of Fine Motor Skills?
For a child up to 1 year
Making them hold the toys in a proper way
Watching over their control of things
Transferring objects from one hand to another
Squeezing objects such as water bottles
For a child aged between 1-3
Clapping hands or waving goodbye
Holding a pencil or scribbling with crayons on paper
Playing games such as building blocks, picking sticks, etc.
Ability to draw and identify different objects, letters, and words
Ability to speak by controlling the tongue movements
Using games like clay modeling to showcase art and craft
Doing small tasks like zipping a pouch, buttoning a cloth, or washing hands independently
For children aged between 4-6
Ability to eat on their own
Ability to get dressed and undressed without help
Improvements in the drawings or writings
Performing activities like cutting something with the scissors or tying shoelaces.
Ability to think and play games like jigsaw puzzles
How to Improve Fine Motor Skills?
There are a number of ways that parents/caretakers/teachers can undertake to improve these fine motor skills. Some of the ways of improving the fine motor skills are as follows:
Playing games: This involves certain movements of hands and the development of creative thinking. Games could be like counting steps, Lego, Jenga, Ludo or snakes & ladders, etc.
Regularity: Allow your child to perform small tasks on a regular basis. Some of these tasks are mentioned before.
Origami: It simply refers to paper art i.e. making things and objects using colorful papers. This can be a great technique and a fun way to teach your child fine motor skills because it involves a high amount of precision. Teach your child how to make greeting cards or other creative paper works.
Support: They are at their learning stage and it is very important to show them the correct way of doing different tasks.
Role model: Parents learn from their elders. Therefore, it becomes of the utmost importance to be a perfect role model for them. They will learn by the way they see their elders performing different tasks.
Problems that a child faces while developing fine motor skills
Some of the common problems that children face during their early childhood for which a fine motor skill development is required are:
Difficulty in controlling and coordinating the body movements between hands and other parts
Difficulty in grasping the concepts or understanding things
Difficulty in holding different objects and controlling them
A poor hand and eye coordination
Problems related to brain, nerves, muscles or jointsFinally, it is very important that we don’t confuse fine motor skills with gross motor skills.
As important as it is to develop gross motor skills, we cannot just ignore the benefits of fine motor skills in a child. This is another phase of development in the child’s growth process and is the most crucial of all because it is focused upon the development of stimulus, reflexes, and brain.
It will help them to perform everyday tasks with ease. This way your child will be independent and will not suffer poor self-esteem or peer relations.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Fine Motor Skills