Math Exams

How to write an Effective Lesson Plan?


Jan 28 2021

Reading time: 4 minutes


Believe it or not, you can make a lesson plan very easily and can effectively use it in your lesson by only following the K.I.S.S technique. 

lesson plan: various elements and tools


K.I.S.S technique means Keep It, Super Simple.

A good unit plan is essential to the process of teaching and learning. A timely prepared teacher is well on his/her way to a successful instructional experience. 

Also read:

Goals of a unit plan to be followed by a teacher

This blog outlines how to write a lesson plan quickly and with ease.

An effective lesson planning helps teachers to understand their students' goals and abilities. Download the PDF below to understand the main components and tips to write an effective lesson plan.

📥  How to write an Effective Lesson Plan?


What are the main components of an Effective Lesson Plan?

Let us understand the components of effective lesson planning one by one,

Considering the Necessary Material is vital

A teacher should first and foremost consider the materials included in the school plan such as technology, software, AV aids, teacher mentors, equipment, library resources, community resources, guest teachers, etc.

What are the Learning Objectives carried in the lesson plan?

The teacher takes the next step is to determine what he/she wants students to learn and what they would be able to do at the end of the class.

learning objectives

To help a teacher specify the objectives for student learning, answer the following questions:

  • What is the topic of the lesson?
  • What do I want students to learn from the unit plan?
  • What do I want them to understand and be able to do at the end of class?
  • What do I want them to take away from this particular lesson? 

What help is Prior-Knowledge of students?

The teacher must have a thorough knowledge of the student’s interests and abilities.

He/She should put up some questions related to previous knowledge of the student to check if the student has any learning gaps or not. And accordingly, direct the school lesson.

prior knowledge infographic for effective lesson planning


The lesson further works on 5 E’s (Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, Evaluate)

Technique and Sequencing can create an impact

When performing effective lesson planning, a teacher needs to explicitly delineate how she will present the lesson's concepts to his/her students.

The methods may include reading a book, displaying diagrams, showing real-life examples of the subject matter, or using math box props. 

school lesson: teachers should adopt various learning styles and choose best

It's important to consider the various learning styles within a class to determine what methods of teaching will best resonate and suit most of the students. Sometimes creativity can work well in engaging students and helping them understand the concept.

Nothing better than Student Practice

Once the teacher has explained the topic and illustrated it with different examples, it is very important to check for student understanding

How will you know that students are learning?

Think about some specific questions you can ask students to check for understanding, write them down, and then paraphrase them so that you are prepared to ask the questions related to the taught topic(s) in different ways.

Also, try to predict the answers your questions will generate.

teacher and student

A Quick Review is essential!

Go over the concept covered in class by summarizing the main points of the lesson.

You can do this in several ways:

  • You can state the main points yourself
  • You can ask even a student to help you summarize them
  • You can ask all the students to write down on a piece of paper what they think are the main points of the lesson.

lesson plan for maths: can use diagrams and visuals

You can review the students’ answers to gauge their understanding of the topic/concept and then explain anything unclear in the following class. 

Always conclude the lesson not only by summarizing the main points but also by previewing the next lesson. 

How about a simple assessment?

 When planning a lesson, consider the ways you will assess your students’ understanding in class — beyond the assignment.

There are innumerable ways of doing this — questioning, observation, discussion, exit slips, self-assessment, think-pair-shares, etc. 

simple assessments are a good practice to include in lesson plans

An assessment helps us to find if the required learning objectives are met or not and how effectively a teacher could deliver his/her lesson.

Reflecting on a Lesson can make all the difference

There may be a possibility that due to some extraneous reasons your lesson plan did not work very well as you had expected. 

But You should not get discouraged – it happens to even the most experienced teachers.

Spend a few minutes after each class to reflect on what worked well, and why, and what you could have done differently in the school lesson.


Identifying the successful and less successful organization of class time and activities would make it easier to adjust to the contingencies of the classroom.

For additional feedback on effective lesson planning and managing class time, you can use various resources:

  • student feedback
  • peer observation
  • viewing a videotape of your teaching
  • consultation of the unit plan with other cuemath teacher partners.


Effective Lesson Planning provides you and your students with a clear sense of direction in the classroom. 

Remember that school lessons don’t have to be extensive, drawn-out plans rather they are meant to guide and assist you in maximizing classroom time.

Your students will thank you for not overwhelming them. A lesson plan need not only have content syllabus wise, but humour should also be included in class when you teach.

A sense of humour goes a long way in keeping students engaged in the classroom!

You can check this blog on school puns to use in your class: School puns

About Cuemath

Cuemath, a student-friendly mathematics and coding platform, conducts regular Online Live Classes for academics and skill-development, and their Mental Math App, on both iOS and Android, is a one-stop solution for kids to develop multiple skills. Understand the Cuemath fee structure and sign up for a free trial.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is a lesson plan in Hindi?

Lesson plan in hindi is "Paath Yojna"

What are the steps to effective lesson planning?

  • Necessary Materials

  • Learning Objectives

  • Prior-Knowledge

  • Technique and sequencing

  • Student Practice

  • Quick Review

  • A Simple Assessment

  • Reflection of Lesson

External References

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