**Concrete Operational Stage: From 7 to 11 years of age**

The **concrete operational** stage is the most crucial as the ability to think logically starts developing.

Newly acquired skills can be observed such as seriation, classification, spotting odd ones and basic arithmetic like ‘If something is given to the child then it’s an addition and something taken away is subtraction’.

They can quickly figure out that if they get two more candies then how many more or the total number of candies they have now. Sharing/dividing candies among themselves are just the basis of Mathematical learning.

A simple intellect that when the same thing is to be done for their number of friends, it can be calculated through multiplication which is nothing but a faster addition tool, starts functioning here.

For this, they do not need a formal Mathematics education per se as humans strive to think logically or Mathematically.

If concrete rules of a subject are taught properly and effectively at this stage, it will provide a solid academic foundation for Mathematics to the child.

Math learning plays an enormous part here as this is where they need to connect Math to life.

It has been observed that when a particular word problem is restructured around their immediate surroundings, the comprehension increases manifold by itself.

Visualization is set in motion by the child himself/herself. This stage is the foundation stone of effective learning.