21 August 2020

**Reading Time: 3 Minutes**

**Understanding Analogy**

An analogy shows the relationship between two things that are alike in some ways but, for the most part they are different.

To demonstrate this to your child, you might have them to list out the similarities and differences between wolves and dogs. The wolves and dogs are both animals, and they have some of the similarities, like howling and body language, but they are still different. Kids might also note that dogs are also domestic / pet animals, while wolves are wild.

Then create an analogy based on these observations that kindergartners can understand.

The analogy could look like this: a dog is to a kennel & like a wolf is to __. In this way, analogies become fun and interesting, like a puzzle. The child figures out how the first two things go together, and that will help them figure out the second part.

**Examples of analogies**

Because the kids’ vocabulary is meagre, keep the analogies as simple and mild as possible and limit your examples to items with which the child is familiar. You will also want to talk through the examples at first, giving your child the opportunity to understand what he/she is trying to figure out.

For example, present the analogy “egg: oval ’’ as “A jar:: __.”

Ask the students how egg and oval are related. If they still don't understand, ask a different question, such as, “What is the shape of an egg?” Once the child understands that an egg is in the shape of an oval, you can help your child reach the conclusion that a jar is in the shape of a cylinder.

Carry on this process with several more examples.

**How to Introduce analogies to your child?**

When first introducing analogies, especially to young children, it's tempting to stick with familiar types of analogies, such as animals ,colors and shapes, but it is imperative that you reveal a variety of analogies to exhibit the number of connections items may have with one another.

Other popular types of analogies include type (robin: bird), tool/worker (stethoscope: doctor), action/object (ride: bike) and item/location (stove: kitchen). All of these are concepts that your children can comprehend, provided they are given adequate instruction and guidance.

**Practicing Analogies**

Set up three flashcards (i.e. finger: hand: toe :____) at a time, and allow the child to find the correct flashcard to complete the analogy. For the sake of time and simplicity, you may want to have three or four flashcards for the child to choose from. Some of the comparisons they produce may mesmerize you

Here are some examples so that the child can find what similar relationship is to be established between two other terms/figures.

**Example 1: There is a certain relationship between the pair of figures given on either side of:: and identify the relationship of the given pair and find the missing term.**

**Example 2: Identify the relationship between two terms/figures**

**is related to then is related to ____________.**

Hope you have understood the concept of comparison of objects and images.

Now, here are a few questions to tackle your brain. Take a look at the analogies below to see if you can figure out how the images are related to each other. This will help you to understand the comparison that is being made.

**Question 1: There is a certain relationship between the pair of figures given on either side of : .Identify the relationship of the given pair and find the missing figure.**

**Question2: **

**Question 3:**

** **

**Conclusion**

By learning how to compare two images and objects, the child can predict the differences between pairs of elements. The child can carefully observe the options to choose the odd one out and also analyze figures and patterns to solve a problem.