Introduction To Calculus

What is Assessment and how to make it effective for students?


1. Introduction
2. What are the Types of Assessment?
3. How to Create Effective Assessments?
4. Conclusion
5. External References


25 November 2020

Reading Time: 5 minutes


How many assessments and evaluations have you taken in the last few months?

Due to the online studies going on right now, the number of assessments for students has increased.

For evaluating and tracking the learning progress of a student, various tools or types of assessments are utilized.

The purpose of the different types of assessments is to collect relevant information about the progress of a student in the learning process.

In this article, we will discuss the assessment and types of assessments that can be used for evaluation.

In the educational learning system, the term ‘assessment’ means the various methods and tools that educators use to examine a student’s learning progress to acquire skills and other academic needs.

Educators have to create different types of assessment strategies for providing better education for the students.

The video below explains the assessment process and types :

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📥 What is Assessment and how to make it effective for students?


What are the Types of Assessment?

There are six types of assessments and they are -

Formative Assessments:

Among the different types of assessment, a formative assessment is the first attempt to identify the gap in a student’s learning process.

Students sitting in a circle in classroom and teacher taking feedback from them

In this assessment, the main aim is to observe a student’s learning progress by asking them to provide feedback regarding their curriculum.

Monitoring the student’s feedback, further expansion of education can be done.

Diagnostic Assessments:

Diagnostic assessments are implemented to assess a student’s current knowledge regarding their course’s current topic, Some sets of questions are asked to evaluate the same.

Ipsative Assessments:

In this type of assessment, the student’s performance is measured by comparing their previous exam scores with the current scores.

In this assessment, students are not compared with other students; rather, are compared with their previous performance to see where they stand.

Summative Assessments:

In summative assessments, a student’s learning effectiveness is measured by comparing it against some benchmark at the end of an instructional method.

In this assessment, the learning objective is achieved by noticing a student’s class and test attendance and by observing how fast they learned skills and acquired the knowledge.

Excellent good and average grades of class assessment

Criterion-referenced assessments:

This assessment test is used to examine the performance of a student against some fixed learning criteria or standards.

Mainly it is a test to examine the behavior of a student based on their test scores.

Norm-referenced assessments:

In this assessment, a student’s better or worse performance is compared to the average norm.

In these types of assessment methods, a teacher compares a student’s score in a particular subject against their result performance of a statistically selected same age group of test-takers.

How to Create Effective Assessments?

Assessments are very powerful and engaging tools to determine how well a student is learning by following a teacher’s teaching methods in a classroom.

Through the different types of assessment methods, a teacher’s aim and effort of teaching are understood. To create an effective assessment,

follow the points below:-

Ask different questions and check students’ writing skills:

Educators can ask the students relevant subject questions and ask them to write the answer in limited words to evaluate their writing skills.

Class Revision:

Educators should finish their class before the last 5-7 minutes rather than the actual time.

Ask the students what they have learned from this class. With the answers, educators can figure out how effective that day’s class was and how many students could grasp it. 

Conduct a sudden question and answer round in class:

This type of assessment is beneficial for an educator to find out a student’s capabilities and knowledge on certain topics.

This is a very effective assessment to find out a student’s engagement in their courses.

Teacher having a question and answer session in classroom and students raising hands to answer

Rating teaching methods using fingers:

A teacher has to create different types of assessment methods to understand the learning purposes of a student.

One of the effective assessments for primary students is to ask students to rate their particular class topics by showing fingers.

Five fingers refer to the highest understanding, while one finger refers to very low understanding.


To know the learning progress of a student, assessments are crucial.

These assessments are constructive in determining whether a student gets benefited from learning the course material or not.

Teachers can notice a student’s performance in a class by these assessment tests. For an effective teaching-learning process, assessments are very beneficial for both the teachers and the students.

Different types of assessments help a teacher find out how a student is following the curriculum and how beneficial their teachings have been to them. 

If you are a teacher, you can try the combinations of these different assessments to make your teachings more fruitful.

Best of Luck!

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is an Assessment?

The term ‘assessment’ means the various methods and tools that educators use to examine a student’s learning progress to acquire skills and other academic needs.

2. How to create effective assessments?

  • Conduct surprise question-answer session in class
  • Ask students to rate the topics by fingers
  • Finish the class early and use the rest of the time for revision
  • Test writing skills of students

External References

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