# Shapes and patterns

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## Introduction to Shapes and Patterns

Shapes and patterns as a concept involves identifying and recognizing shapes, understanding the properties and features of different shapes. Patterns include identifying, recognizing and completing different patterns. Recognizing patterns develop spatial reasoning. It also develops a habit of looking for patterns while solving problems.

- Identification of shapes can be best introduced using clay or play shapes. Children can be asked to make the shapes using clay. They can classify and identify different shapes of different colours.
- To understand the relationship between 2D and 3D shapes it is best to use real life objects and then help them understand the concept. For example, using a pencil box and then helping them understand that the surface resembles a rectangle.
- Children can also be asked to identify shapes in and around their environment.
- Create patterns using daily life objects, you may then ask the children to complete the patterns.
- For creating patterns give them a set of things and ask them to create one, for example create a pattern using pencils, erasers and sharpeners.

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