Exercise 10.2 Practical-Geometry -NCERT Solutions Class 7

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Question 1

Construct \(ΔXYZ\) in which \(XY =4.5\,\rm{cm,}\) \(YZ = 5\,\rm{cm}\) and \(ZX =6\,\rm{cm}.\)

Solution

Video Solution

What is known?

Lengths of sides of a triangle \(XYZ\) are \(XY =4.5\,\rm{cm,}\) \(YZ = 5\,\rm{cm}\) and \(ZX =6\,\rm{cm}.\)

To construct:

A triangle \(XYZ\) in which \(XY =4.5\,\rm{cm},\)  \(YZ = 5\,\rm{cm}\)  and \( ZX =6\,\rm{cm}.\)

Reasoning:

We will draw a rough sketch of \(ΔXYZ\) with the given measure. This will help us in deciding how to proceed. Then follow the steps given below.

Steps:

Steps of construction

  1. Draw a line segment \(YZ\) of length \(5\) \(\rm{cm.}\)
  2. From \(Y\), point \(X\) is at a distance of \(4.5\) \(\rm{cm}.\). So, with \(Y\) as centre, draw an arc of radius \(4.5\) \(\rm{cm}.\) (now \(X\) will be somewhere on this arc & our job is to find where exactly \(X\) is).
  3. From \(Z\), point \(X\) is at a distance of \(6\) \(\rm{cm}.\). So, with \(Z\) as centre, draw an arc of radius \(6\) \(\rm{cm}.\) (now \(X\) will be somewhere on this arc, we have to fix it).
  4. \(X\) has to be on both the arcs drawn. So, it is the point of intersection of arcs. Mark the point of intersection of arcs as \(X\). Join \(XY \) and \( XZ.\)

Thus, \(XYZ\) is the required triangle.

Question 2

Construct an equilateral triangle of side \(5.5\,\rm{cm} \).

Solution

Video Solution

What is known?

Lengths of sides of an equilateral triangle are \(5.5\,\rm{cm}\) each.

To construct:

An equilateral triangle of side \(5.5\,\rm{cm} \).

Reasoning:

To construct an equilateral triangle of side \(5.5\,\rm{cm} \). Follow the steps given below

Steps:

Steps of construction :

  1. Draw a line segment \(BC\) of length \(5.5\,\rm{cm} \).
  2. From \(B\), point \(A\) is at a distance of \(5.5\,\rm{cm} \).So, with \(B\) as centre, draw an arc of radius \(5.5\,\rm{cm} \) (Now \(A\) will be somewhere on this arc. Our job is to find where exactly \(A\) is).
  3. From \(C\), point \(A\) is at a distance of \(5.5\,\rm{cm} \).So, with \(C\) as centre, draw an arc of radius \(5.5\,\rm{cm} \) (Now \(A\) will be somewhere on this arc, we have to fix it).
  4. \(A\) has to be on both the arcs drawn. So, it is the point of intersection of arcs. Mark the point of intersection of arcs as \(A\) join \(AB \) and \(AC\).

Thus, \(ABC\) is the required triangle.

Question 3

Draw  \( ΔPQR\) with \(PQ = 4\,\rm{cm} \), \(QR = 3.5\,\rm{cm} \) and \(PR = 4\,\rm{cm} \). What type of triangle is this?

Solution

Video Solution

What is known?

Lengths of sides of a triangle are \(PQ = 4\,\rm{cm} \), \(QR = 3.5\,\rm{cm} \) and \(PR = 4\,\rm{cm} \).

To construct:

\(ΔPQR\) with \(PQ = 4\,\rm{cm} \), \(QR = 3.5\,\rm{cm} \) and \(PR = 4\,\rm{cm} \).

Reasoning:

To construct a \(ΔPQR\) with \(PQ = 4 \,\rm{cm,}\, QR = 3.5\,\rm{ cm}\) and \(PR = 4 \,\rm{cm}\), follow the steps given below.

Steps:

Steps of construction

  1. Draw a line segment \(QR\) of length \(3.5\, \rm{cm}.\)
  2. From \(Q\), point \(P\) is at a distance of \(4\,\rm{cm}\). So, with \(Q\) as centre, draw an arc of radius \(4\,\rm{cm}\) (now \(P\) will be somewhere on this arc & our job is to find where exactly \(P\) is).
  3. From \(R\), point \(P\) is at a distance of \(4\,\rm{cm}\). So, with \(R\) as centre, draw an arc of radius \(4\,\rm{cm}\) (now \(P\) will be somewhere on this arc, we have to fix it).
  4. \(P\) has to be on both the arcs drawn. So, it is the point of intersetion of arcs. Mark the point of intersection of arcs as \(P\) join \(PQ\) and \(PR.\) 

Thus, \(PQR\) is the required triangle.

\(\Delta PQR\) is an isosceles triangle as two of the sides are equal.

Question 4

Construct \(ΔABC\) such that \(AB = 2.5\,\rm{cm}\)., \(BC = 6\,\rm{cm}\). and \(AC = 6.5\,\rm{cm}\).. Measure \(∠B.\)

Solution

Video Solution

What is known?

Lengths of sides of a triangle are \(AB = 2.5 \,\rm{cm}\)., \(BC = 6\,\rm{ cm}\). and \(AC = 6.5\,\rm{ cm}\)..

To construct:

A \(ΔABC\) such that \(AB = 2.5\,\rm{cm}\)., \(BC = 6\,\rm{cm}\). and \(AC = 6.5\,\rm{cm}\).. Measure \(∠B.\)

Reasoning:

To Construct \(ΔABC\) such that \(AB = 2.5 \,\rm{cm}, \,BC = 6 \,\rm{cm}\) and \(AC = 6.5\,\rm{ cm}\). and to measure \(∠B\), follow the steps given below.

Steps:

Steps of construction:

  1. Draw a line segment \(BC\) of length \(6\,\rm{ cm}\)..
  2. From \(B\), point \(A\) is at a distance of \(2.5\,\rm{ cm}\).. So, with \(B\) as centre, draw an arc of radius \(2.5\,\rm{ cm}\). (now \(A\) will be somewhere on this arc & our job is to find where exactly \(A\) is).
  3. From \(C\), point \(A\) is at a distance of \(6.5\,\rm{ cm}\).. So, with \(C\) as centre, draw an arc of radius \(6.5\,\rm{ cm}\). (now \(A\) will be somewhere on this arc, we have to fix it).
  4. \(A\) has to be on both the arcs drawn, so it is the point of intersection of arcs. Mark the point of intersection of arcs as \(A\) join \(AB\) and \(AC.\)

Thus, \(ABC\) is the required triangle.

Measure angle \(B\) with the help of protractor. It is the right-angled triangle \(ABC\), where \(∠B =\) \(90^\circ.\)

  
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