# Ex.5.2 Q1 Arithmetic Progressions Solution - NCERT Maths Class 10

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## Question

Fill in the blanks in the following table, given that $$a$$ is the first term and $$d$$ is the Common difference and \begin{align}{a_n}\end{align} the $$n^{th}$$ term of the AP.

 $$a$$ $$d$$ $$n$$ \begin{align}{a_n}\end{align} $$7$$ $$3$$ $$8$$ $$……..$$ $$- 18$$ $$……..$$ $$10$$ $$0$$ $$…….$$ $$-3$$ $$18$$ $$-5$$ $$-18. 9$$ $$2.5$$ $$……..$$ $$3.6$$ $$3.5$$ $$0$$ $$105$$ $$……..$$

Video Solution
Arithmetic Progressions
Ex 5.2 | Question 1

## Text Solution

i) Reasoning:

\begin{align}{a_n} = a + \left( {n - 1} \right)d\end{align}

What is Known?

$$a = 7,d = 3,n = 8$$

What is Unknown?

\begin{align}{a_n}\end{align}

Steps:

\begin{align}{a_n} &= a + (n - 1)d\\ {a_8} &= 7 + (8 - 1)3\\& = 7 + 7 \times 3\\& = 7 + 21\\& = 28 \end{align}

The Answer is $$a_n = 28$$

ii) What is Known?

$$a = - 18,\,{a_n} = 0,n = 10$$

What is Unknown?

$$d.$$

Steps:

\begin{align}a_n &= a + (n - 1)d\\ 0 &= - 18 + (10 - 1)d\\ 0 &= - 18 + 9d\\ 9d &= 18\\ d &= 2 \end{align}

The Answer is \begin{align}d = 2\end{align}

iii) What is Known?

$$d = -3, \,a_n = -5 , n = 18$$

What is Unknown?

$$a$$

Steps:

\begin{align} {a_n} &= a + (n - 1)d\\ - 5 &= a + (18 - 1)( - 3)\\ - 5 &= a + 17 \times ( - 3)\\ - 5 &= a - 51\\ a &= 51 - 5\\ a &= 46 \end{align}

The Answer is $$a = 46$$

iv) What is Known?

$${a_n} = 3.6\,,d = 2.5\,,a = - 18.9$$

What is Unknown?

\begin{align}n. \end{align}

Steps:

\begin{align} {a_n}& = a + (n - 1)d\\ 3.6 &= - 18.9 + (n - 1)2.5\\ 3.6 + 18.9 &= 2.5(n - 1)\\ 22.5& = 2.5(n - 1)\\ n - 1 &= \frac{{22.5}}{{2.5}}\\ n - 1 &= \frac{{225}}{{25}}\\ n - 1 &= 9\\ n& = 10 \end{align}

The Answer is $$n = 10$$

v) What is Known?

$$a = 3.5,d = 0,n = 105$$

What is Unknown?

\begin{align}{a_n}\end{align}

Steps:

\begin{align} {a_n} &= a + (n - 1)d\\ {a_n} &= 3.5 + (105 - 1)(0)\\ {a_n} &= 3.5 + 104 \times 0\\ {a_n} &= 3.5 \end{align}

The Answer is $$a_n = 3.5$$

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