Ex.16.2 Q2 Playing with Numbers Solutions - NCERT Maths Class 8
If \(31z5\) is a multiple of \(9,\) where \(z\) is a digit, what is the value of \(z\)?
You will find that there are two answers for the last problem. Why is this so?
What is known?
A puzzled number
What is unknown?
Value of the alphabet i.e. \(y.\)
If the sum of all digits of a number is equal to \(9,\) then the number is a multiple of \(9.\)
If a number is a multiple of \(9,\) then the sum of its digits will be divisible by \(9.\)
Sum of digits of
\[31z\,5 = 3 + 1 + z + 5 = 9 + z\]
Hence, \(9 + z\) should be a multiple of \(9.\)
This is possible, when \(9 + z\) is any one of these numbers \(0,\; 9,\; 18,\; 27,\) and so on ...
However, since \(z\) is a single digit number, this sum can be either \(9\) or \(18.\)
Therefore, \(z\) should be either \(0\) or \(9.\)