Ex.3.7 Q5 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Solution - NCERT Maths Class 10

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Question

In \(\Delta {\rm{ABC}},\angle {\rm{C}} = 3\angle {\rm{B}} = 2(\angle {\rm{A}} + \angle {\rm{B}})\). Find the three angles.

 Video Solution
Pair Of Linear Equations In Two Variables
Ex 3.7 | Question 5

Text Solution

What is Known?

Relation between the angles of the triangle.

What is Unknown?

Measurement of each angles of the triangle.

Reasoning:

Sum of the measures of all angles of a triangle is \(180^\circ.\)

Steps:

Let the measurement of \(\angle A = {x^{\rm{\circ}}}\)

And the measurement of \(\angle B = {y^{\rm{\circ}}}\)

Using the information given in the question,

\[\begin{align}\angle C &= 3\angle B = 2\left( {\angle A + \angle B} \right)\\ \Rightarrow  3\angle B &= 2\left( {\angle A + \angle B} \right)\\ \Rightarrow 3y &= 2\left( {x + y} \right)\\ \Rightarrow 3y &= 2x + 2y\\ \Rightarrow \;2x - y &= 0 \qquad \qquad \qquad \left( 1 \right)\end{align}\]

We know that the sum of the measures of all angles of a triangle is \(180^\circ.\)

Therefore,

\[\begin{align}\angle A + \angle B + \angle C &= {180^{\circ}}\\\angle A + \angle B + 3\angle B &= {180^{\circ}}\qquad \left[ \because {\angle C = 3\angle B} \right]\\\angle A + 4\angle B &= {180^{\circ}}\\
x + 4y &= 180 \qquad \qquad \left( 2 \right)\end{align}\]

Multiplying equation \((1)\) by \(4,\) we obtain

\[8x - 4y = 0 \qquad \left( 3 \right)\]

Adding equations \((2)\) and \((3),\) we obtain

\[\begin{align}9x &= 180\\x &= 20\end{align}\]

Substituting \(x = 20\) in equation \((1)\), we obtain

\[\begin{align}2 \times 20 - y &= 0\\y &= 40\end{align}\]

Therefore,

\[\begin{align}\angle A &= {x^{\circ}} = {20^{\circ}}\\\angle B &= {y^{\circ}} = {40^{\circ}}\\\angle C &= 3\;\angle B = 3 \times {40^{\circ}} = {120^{\circ}}\end{align}\]