# Ex.11.3 Q7 Perimeter and Area - NCERT Maths Class 7

## Question

Find the perimeter of the adjoining figure, which is a semicircle including its diameter

## Text Solution

**What is known?**

Diameter of the semicircle.

**What is unknown?**

The perimeter of the semicircle including its diameter.

**Reasoning:**

To find the perimeter of the given figure, add the circumference or perimeter of the semi-circle and the diameter of the given figure.

**Steps:**

Given, diameter \(= 10 \rm\,cm\)

Radius \(\begin{align}=\frac{{10}}{2}\end{align}= 5 \rm\,cm\)

Perimeter of the given figure \(=\) Circumference of semi \(-\) circle \(+\) diameter

\[\begin{align}&= \frac{{2\pi r}}{2} + {\text{D}} \\{\text{ }}&= \pi r + {\text{D}} \\&= \frac{{22}}{7} \times 5 + 5 \\&= \frac{{110}}{7} + 5 \\&= 25.71\;\rm cm\end{align}\]

Thus, the perimeter of the given figure is \(25.71\rm\, cm.\)