Ex.13.3 Q7 Surface Areas and Volumes Solution - NCERT Maths Class 10

Go back to  'Ex.13.3'

Question

A cylindrical bucket, \(32\,\rm{cm}\) high and with radius of base \(18\,\rm{cm}\), is filled with sand. This bucket is emptied on the ground and a conical heap of sand is formed. If the height of the conical heap is \(24\,\rm{cm}\). Find the radius and slant height of the heap.

Text Solution

What is known?

Height of the cylindrical bucket is \(32\rm{cm}\) and radius is \(18\rm{cm.}\)

Height of the conical heap is \(24\rm{cm}\)

What is unknown?

The radius and slant height of the heap.

Reasoning:

Draw a figure to visualize the shapes better

Since, a cylindrical bucket filled with sand, emptied on the ground and a conical heap of sand is formed. Then the volume of sand in the cylindrical bucket will be same as the volume the conical heap of sand.

Therefore, volume the conical heap of sand \(=\) volume of sand in the cylindrical bucket

 We will find the volume of the sand by using formulae;

Volume of the cylinder \( = \pi {r^2}h\)

where \(r\) and \(h\) are the radius and height of the cylinder respectively

Volume of the cone \( \begin{align}= \frac{1}{3}\pi {r^2}h\end{align}\)

\[l = \sqrt {{r^2} + {h^2}} \]

where \(r, h\) and \(l\) are radius, height and slant height of cone respectively.

steps:

Height of the cylindrical bucket,\({h_1} = 32cm\)

Radius of the cylindrical bucket,\({r_1} = 18cm\)

Height the of conical heap, \(h = 24{\rm{ }}cm\)

Let the radius of the conical heap be \(r\) and slant height be \(l.\)

volume the conical heap of sand \(=\) volume of sand in the cylindrical bucket

\[\begin{align}\frac{1}{3}\pi {r^2}h &= \pi {r_1}^2{h_1}\\\frac{1}{3}\pi {r^2}h &= \pi {r_1}^2{h_1}\\
{r^2} &= \frac{{3\pi {r_1}^2{h_1}}}{h}\\{r^2} &= \frac{{3 \times {{\left( {18cm} \right)}^2} \times 18cm \times 32cm}}{{24cm}}\\r &= \sqrt {{{\left( {18cm} \right)}^2} \times 4} \\r &= 18cm \times 2\\\,\,r\, &= 36\,cm\end{align}\]

Slant height, \(l = \sqrt {{r^2} + {h^2}} \)

\[\begin{align}&= \sqrt {{{\left( {36cm} \right)}^2} + {{\left( {24cm} \right)}^2}} \\&= \sqrt {1296c{m^2} + 576c{m^2}} \\&= \sqrt {1872c{m^2}} \\&= 12\sqrt {13} cm\end{align}\]

Therefore, the radius and slant height of the conical heap are \(36\,\rm{cm}\) and \({\text{12}}\sqrt {{\text{13}}\,} \,{\text{cm}}\)  respectively.