Ex.13.2 Q8 Direct and Inverse Proportions Solution - NCERT Maths Class 8

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Question

A factory requires \(42\) machines to produce a given number of articles in \(63\) days. How many machines would be required to produce the same number of articles in \(54\) days?

Text Solution

Reasoning:

Two numbers \(x\) and \(y\) are said to vary in inverse proportion if

\[\begin{align}xy = {\rm{ }}k,{\rm{ }}x{\rm{ }} = {\rm{ }}\frac{1}{y}k\end{align}\]

Where \(k\) is a constant.

\[{x_1}{y_1} = {x_2}{y_2}\]

What is Known:

\(42\) machines to produce a given number of articles in \(63\) days.

What is Unknown:

Machines required for producing same no. of articles in \(54\) days.

Steps:

If the number of days decreases the machine required will increase. So, it is an inverse proportion.

\[\begin{align} x_1 y_1 &= x_2 y_2 \\42 \times 63 &= 54 \times y_2 \\{y_2} &= \frac{{42 \times 63}}{{54}}\\y_2 &= 49\end{align}\]

\(49\) machines will be required to produce the same number of articles in \(54\) days.