Let us play a simple game.
There is a track marked with numbers.
Tarru, the frog, has to jump on every third tile without stepping on any number in between.
Tarru starts jumping from number 3
Let us color each 3rd tile as he jumps on the track.
If you list the tiles that he jumps on, you can observe that they are multiples of 3
3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, and so on.
Learning about multiplication helps us in getting the answer to such questions.
We don't want you to worry, as we, at Cuemath, understand how this topic can be confusing for you.
We are here to help you understand this concept in a clear way.
In this section, you will learn about the definition of multiply in maths, multiply fractions, and synonyms of multiply. You can check out the interactive simulations to know more about the lesson and try your hand at solving a few interesting practice questions at the end of the page.
So, let's start!
Lesson Plan
What Is Multiply?
Definition of Multiply in Maths
In mathematics, to multiply means adding a number to itself to a particular number of times.
Multiplication can be viewed as a process of repeated addition.
For example, \(4 \times 3\) is the same as \(4+4+4=12\).
In fact, repeated addition is the first pillar of multiplication.
The synonym of multiply is to find the product of two numbers.
For example, here you have 3 groups of 7 cupcakes.
So, instead of adding seven three times, it can be written as \( 7 \times 3 =21\)
This means there are 21 cupcakes in all.
Here is a trick for you to make multiplication easy and simple.
Just relate multiplication with addition.
How to Multiply Two Numbers?
How to Multiply Fractions?
Maria has a ribbon of a length of 9 inches.
She wants to cut it into 4 equal parts.
What fraction of total length would each part represent?
Each part will be \(\frac{9}{4}\) of the strip.
She took one part and divided it into 2 equal parts.
Now, each part will represent \(\frac{1}{2}\times\frac{9}{4} \)
Follow the following steps to multiply the fractions.
 Multiply the numerators \(1 \times 9 = 9\)
 Multiply the denominators \(2 \times 4 = 8\)
 Since it's already in its lowest term we can leave it as is.
\[\frac{1}{2}\times\frac{9}{4} = \frac{9}{8}\]
Fun Facts
 If you multiply a number by 1, the result is the number itself.
 If you multiply any number by 0, the result is always 0.
 Changing the order of two numbers in multiplication does not make any difference in the result.
Solved Examples
Example 1 
Tom got 3 packs of trading cards and each pack had 5 cards in it.
So, how many cards did Tom get in total?
Solution
Number of cards in one pack of trading cards = 5
Number of cards in 3 packs of trading cards = \(5 \times 3=15\)
\(\therefore\) Tom got 15 cards in all. 
Example 2 
Jacky is a special cook who comes only on party days.
He was called for 28 days.
For each day, he was being paid $ 15
Can you tell how much he was paid for 28 days?
Solution
Jacky's pay for 1 day = \($\;15\)
Jacky's pay for 28 days = \($ (28\times 15)\)
\(\therefore\) Jacky is paid $ 420 for 28 days. 
Example 3 
Today is Cherry's birthday. She wants to share 4 candies with the students in her class.
If there are 34 students in her class, how many candies should she distribute?
Solution
Number of candies with a student = 4
Number of candies with 34 students = \(34 \times 4 = 136\)
\(\therefore\) Cheery needs 136 candies to distribute in her class. 
Example 4 
Joe attends music classes every fifth day.
Starting from the 5^{th} of August, can you color those dates in the calendar?
Write down the series to check the number whose multiples are shown.
Solution
After coloring every 5th day, the series that we get is:
5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30
\(\therefore\) Multiples of 5 are shown. 
1. 
The following card contains an incomplete 4column grid. Do appropriate calculations to find the missing numbers. Finally, there are five selected numbers on each grid. Transfer them to the final column, and the last challenge is to sum all of these numbers. 

Multiplication Calculator
Experiment with the simulation below to see how changing the numbers also changes the size of the grid.
Drag the sliders to change the number.

When we multiply two numbers, the result is greater than or equal to either number.

The resultant of the multiplication of two numbers is called a product.

The number which we multiply is called a multiplicand.

The number by which we multiply is called a multiplier.
Interactive Questions
Here are a few activities for you to practice.
Select/Type your answer and click the "Check Answer" button to see the result.
Let's Summarize
We hope you enjoyed learning about Multiply with the simulations and practice questions. Now, you will be able to easily solve problems on multiplication in maths, multiply fractions, and synonyms of multiply.
About Cuemath
At Cuemath, our team of math experts is dedicated to making learning fun for our favorite readers, the students!
Through an interactive and engaging learningteachinglearning approach, the teachers explore all angles of a topic.
Be it worksheets, online classes, doubt sessions, or any other form of relation, it’s the logical thinking and smart learning approach that we, at Cuemath, believe in.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1. Why do we multiply numbers?
We multiply numbers to know the total items in all by multiplying the number of objects in each group by the number of such equal groups.
2. What is the result of multiplication called?
The result of the multiplication is called the product.
3. What is the first number in a multiplication called?
The first number in multiplication is called multiplicand.