Time
Knowing the concept of time is very essential in planning our daytoday activities. It helps us to plan our tasks and makes us more efficient organizers. Time is a period during which a certain event happens, has happened, or is going to happen. It is a very dynamic concept that measures events from past to future, throughout a day, month, year, etc. Let's understand more about time in this lesson.
1.  What is Time? 
2.  Time on a Number Line 
3.  Concept of Time Zones 
4.  Telling Time 
5.  FAQs on Time 
History of Time
Time never stops or rests. It is measurable only once and is infinite. As the Earth rotates on its axis we experience day and night and as it revolves around the Sun we experience various seasons and months of the year. To be precise, we can say that time is represented by change. According to the big bang theory, our Universe emerged billions of years ago and that is when time started.
Let us now get into the world of time and start exploring it!
What is Time?
Time is a concept that we use in our everyday life a lot. We need to keep a check on time when we cook, play, study, go to school, meeting someone, etc. So, proper knowledge of time is very essential. In general terms, time is the answer to when a certain event is happening, going to happen, or has happened.
Time Definition
We can define time as a period during which a certain event happens, has happened, or is going to happen. It is a measurable quantity and is also infinite. Time is measured in seconds, minutes, hours, days, months, and years. There are many other smaller units of time such as milliseconds and microseconds. The smallest time unit is 'Zeptosecond'.
It is also important to know the various times of the day before we move to the concept of reading and measuring time.
Time on a Number Line
A number line is the visual representation of numbers in a horizontal or vertical sequence. You must have learned about representing whole numbers on a number line. Time can also be represented on a number line as shown below.
This time number line shows 12 hours with the black line displaying every hour from 12 a.m. to 12 p.m. Here, the brown lines denote the 15th, 30th, and the 45th minute of an hour. The green line denotes the 5th, 10th, 20th, 25th, 35th, 40th, 50th, 55th minute. This is one of the representations of the timeline.
Time number lines are used to calculate how much time has elapsed between two given times.
Concept of Time Zones
In some parts of the world, we define timebased on time zones. As the Earth rotates on its axis, we experience day and light. When a part of the Earth receives sunlight, it experiences day, and the other parts experience night. This means that our lunchtime maybe someone else's sleep time since they live in that part of the earth where there is night.
Daylight saving is the practice of resetting clocks ahead by an hour or behind by an hour. It is done in some parts of the world to make better use of the day time.
Telling Time
Whenever someone asks the question  "What is the time right now"? We all look into a watch or a clock and say it is "X hours and Y minutes", In this section, we will learn about time measurement. Here 'X' (the hours) are usually expressed between 1 and 12 and 'Y' (the minutes) are expressed between 00 to 59. There is also a third component here. It is called 'seconds'.
An hour consists of 60 minutes and a minute consists of 60 seconds. We will learn about various time unit conversions from hours to minutes, months to weeks, and days.
How do Cuemath Students learn Time?
The concept of time is told right from early childhood and Cuemath introduces this topic for kids since this is an important mathematical concept and they need to learn about this in relation to the different parts of the day. We need to know how to read time in a 12hour and a 24hour format too. It's about learning a valuable skill and understanding its various uses. Measurement of time in math can be done using clocks.
Reading and Representing Time
"Please be there on time" is one of the frequent phrases that we come across. Managing time is also an essential quality to organize our work and be successful. In order to be punctual and manage time well, we need to have a good understanding of time. Now let us move to the most important concept of reading time from a clock.
Reading Time From a Clock
Reading time from a clock is an easy skill that comes with practice. Let us start from the largest unit of time which is an 'hour'. A day has 24 hours but a clock has numbers only from 1 to 12 written on it. This means that there will be two rounds of 12 hours in a day.
A clock has 12 sections. Each number denotes an hour. There are two hands. The longer needle is the minute hand and the shorter needle is the hour hand. Each hand points to a number, and the combination of the hour hand and minute hand together give us the time.
The tiny lines between every number denote a minute. There are 5 minutes between any two numbers of the clock. The minute starts with 0 at number 12 and the count goes till 59. Let us understand this with an example. Look at the clock shown below.
The hour hand points to 9 and the minute hand points to 12. So, the time is 09:00 or 9 'o clock.
Let us say that the hour hand started at 1 and the minute hand is at 12, which means the time is 1 'o clock. Now as the minute hand starts moving, the hour hand also progresses from 1 to 2. Every time the minute hand reaches the next number starting from 12, it means 5 minutes have passed. So, in an hour the minute hand makes twelve 5 minutes move, which denotes that there are (12 x 5) or 60 minutes in an hour. The movement of the hour hand from one number to another marks the completion of an hour. Some clocks have a third hand which is slightly thinner than the minute hand to denote the number of seconds passed in a minute.
Time measurement for 15 minutes, 30 minutes, and 45 minutes can be represented as follows. They are:
 Quarter to  This means there are 15 minutes remaining to complete the given hour. For example, 05:45 means, there are 15 minutes to reach 6:00. This is read as "quarter to six".
 Quarter past  This means 15 minutes have passed after the hour has started. For example, 07:15 means, 15 minutes have passed after 7:00. This is read as "quarter past seven".
 Halfpast  This means 30 minutes have passed after the hour has started. For example, 08:30 means, 30 minutes have passed after 8:00. This is read as "halfpast eight".
A.M. and P.M.
 Time from 12:00 in the midnight to 11:59 in the morning is referred to as 'a.m'.
 Time from 12:00 in the afternoon to late night 11:59 is referred to as 'p.m'.
12hour and 24hour clock
 In the 12hour time format, time is expressed with a.m or p.m. 8:20 in the morning can be told as 8:20 a.m. The same time in the evening is 8:20 p.m.
 In the 24hour time format, 7:30 a.m. is written as 7:30 hours, whereas 7:30 p.m. is written as 19:30 hours. We get this by adding 12 to the hour number. However, the minute number remains the same. To know how to add time click here.
Weeks, Months, and Year
There are seven days in a week. The days of the week are named after the celestial bodies the Sun, the Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn.
Do you know how many weeks are there in a month? Every month has 4 full weeks for sure. Although a few months have more than 4 weeks. The extra days do not make up a week. A month has 30 or 31 days. The month of February has 28 days for an ordinary year and 29 days for a leap year. A leap year comes once in every four years.
Month  Days  Weeks 

January  31  4 weeks + 3 days 
February 
28 days (ordinary year) 29 days (leap year) 
4 weeks + 1 day 
March  31 days  4 weeks + 3 days 
April  30 days  4 weeks + 2 days 
May  31 days  4 weeks + 3 days 
June  30 days  4 weeks + 2 days 
July  31 days  4 weeks + 3 days 
August  31 days  4 weeks + 3 days 
September  30 days  4 weeks + 2 days 
October  31 days  4 weeks + 3 days 
November  30 days  4 weeks + 2 days 
December  31 days  4 weeks + 3 days 
The Gregorian Calendar is the most widely used calendar in which there are 365 days in an ordinary year and 366 days in a leap year since there are 29 days in February.
To summarize,
Having told about the leap year, how do we check if a year is a leap or not? Here you go! Divide the given year by 4 days. If the division leaves 0 days as the remainder, then it is a leap year. Otherwise, it is an ordinary year. Also, there is an exception for century years like 700,800,1700,1900,2000 days for which we divide the year by 400.
Solved Examples

Example 1: Find the measurement of time between 1:00 to 4:00.
Solution:
The distance between two vertical lines represents 1 hour. So, there are 3 hours between 1:00 and 4:00.
∴ The time between 1:00 and 4:00 is 3 hours.

Example 2:
Kevin's birthday falls on June 8. His friend's birthday falls on September 18. Calculate the number of weeks and days between the two dates.
Solution:
June has 30 days. The number of days after Kevin's birthday (June 8) is 30  8 = 22.
July and August have 31 days each. Starting from 1^{st} to 18^{th}, we have 18 days in the month of September. So, there are (22 +31+31+18) days which is equal to 102 days.
To find the number of weeks, divide the number of days by 7 and express the result as a mixed fraction. 102/7 is, \(14\dfrac{4}{7}\) weeks.
∴ There are \(14\dfrac{4}{7}\) weeks and 102 days between Kevin and his friend's birthday.
Practice Questions
FAQs on Time
What is the SI Unit of Time?
The S.I. unit of time is 'Seconds' represented by the symbol 's'.
What is the Smallest Unit of Time?
A zepto second is the smallest time unit. It is the trillionth of a billionth of a second.
What is the Base Unit of Time?
'Second' is the base unit of time.
Why is it Important to Measure Time?
Time is a very important measurement that helps us fix the duration or length of any event, specify when an event will start and end, and also compare the duration of any two events.
Convert 1000 Minutes to An Hour, 1000 Seconds to Minutes, 180 Minutes to Hours.
1000 minutes is equal to 16.66 hours, 1000 seconds is equal to 16.66 minutes, 180 minutes is equal to 3 hours.
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