The word “measurement” is derived from the Greek word "metron," which means a limited proportion. This word also finds its roots in the words "moon" and "month," possibly because astronomical objects were among the first methods to measure time.
Table of Content
 Introduction to Measurement
 Measurement of 2D Shapes
 Measurement of Solid Shapes
 Time Measurement
 FAQs
 Solved Examples
 Practice Questions
Introduction to Measurement
Measurement refers to the comparison of an unknown quantity with a known quantity. The result of the measurement is a numeric value with certain units. We can measure the length, weight, and capacity (volume) of any given object. Let us:
 learn how to measure the area and perimeter of plane shapes.
 explore solid shapes and learn how to measure their surface areas and volumes.
 know about reading the clock and the calendar.
You can go ahead and explore all important topics in Measurement by selecting the topics from this list below:
Metric System  Surface Area 
Perimeter  Volume 
Area  Time 
Solid Shapes  Unit Conversion 
Measurement involves measuring or quantifying the length, weight, and capacity of something. There are two main "Systems of Measurement": Metric and US Standard. The table given below summarizes the frequently used units of measurement for length, weight, and capacity in both the Systems of Measurement.
Measurements are made by comparing a quantity with a standard unit. In this section, you will learn about measuring length, measuring weight, and measuring capacity.
Measurement of 2D Shapes
A square is a 2D shape whereas a cube is a 3D shape. 2Dshapes, as the name suggests, have only two of these measurements. A twodimensional shape does not have any depth.
Since 2D shapes only have two dimensions, their measurement can be done in two ways, we can either calculate the area they occupy or the perimeter(that is, the length of their boundary.
Perimeter
The total length of the boundary of a closed twodimensional shape is called its perimeter.
Example:
The perimeter of the figure ABCDEFA = AB + BC + CD + DE + EF + FA = (4 + 3) + 6 + 4 + 2 + 3 + (6  2) = 26 inches
[AB = CD + EF; FA = BC  DE]
We now know that perimeter is the length of the boundary of a 2dimensional figure. Let us now understand how to determine the perimeter of a triangle, perimeter of a quadrilateral, and perimeter of a circle.
Area
Area is the space occupied by a twodimensional shape or figure.
Example:
If the area of 1 square = 1 square unit, then
 Area of shape A = 1 square unit
 Area of shape B = (1 + 1) = 2 square units
 Area of shape C = (1 + 1 + 1) = 3 square units
 Area of shape D = (0.5 + 1 + 0.5) = 2 square units
Now that you know what an area is, let's learn how to find the area of a triangle, area of a quadrilateral, and area of a circle.
Measurement of Solid Shapes
Solid figures are threedimensional objects. They have a width, a depth, and a height.
Example:
We already know solid shapes are threedimensional. These 3D objects occupy some space. We will be studying some of the topics like cuboid basics, right circular cylinder basics, right circular cone basics, and sphere basics.
Surface Area
The surface area of a solid shape is the combined area of all its faces. Thus, the surface area of a solid shape with flat faces is the combined area of all its faces.
Example:
In this topic of Surface Area, you will learn how to determine the surface area of a cuboid, surface area of cylinder, surface area of cone, surface area of sphere, and surface area of rectangular prism.
Volume
Volume is the space enclosed or occupied by any threedimensional object or solid shape.
Example:
Initial volume of water in the container = 20 units, Volume of water when the object is placed inside the container = 30 units. Therefore, the volume of the object = 30  20 = 10 units
Finding the volume of an object can help us determine the amount required to fill that object. For example, the amount of water in a bottle. We will now learn how to find the volume of a cuboid, volume of a cylinder, volume of a cone, volume of a sphere, and volume of a pyramid.
Time Measurement
Time is the ongoing sequence of events taking place. It is used to quantify the duration of the events. It also helps us set the start time or the end time of events.
Example:
The relation between different units of time measurement can be sen in the figure below:
 1 year = 12 months = 365/366 days
 1 month = 4 weeks = 30/31 days
 1 week = 7 days
 1 day = 24 hours
 1 hour = 60 minutes
 1 minute = 60 seconds
One of the very first experiences we have with mathematics is learning how to measure Time. You may already know that the measurement of time is done using a watch and a calendar. Now, let's learn how to read and represent time along with how to read a calendar.
FAQs on Measurement
What are the 7 Basic Units of Measurement?
The seven SI base units are:
 Length  meter (m)
 Time  second (s)
 Amount of substance  mole (mole)
 Electric current  ampere (A)
 Temperature  kelvin (K)
 Luminous intensity  candela (cd)
 Mass  kilogram (kg)
What is the Formula for Surface Area?
The surface area of a solid shape is the combined area of all its faces. Thus,
 Surface Area of Cuboid = 2(lh + lb + bh)
 Surface Area of Cube = 6s
 Surface Area of Cone = π r(r + s)
 Surface Area of Cylinder = 2πr (r+h)
 Surface Area of Sphere = 4πr^{2}
What is an Area Formula?
The most basic formula to find the area of a 2D shape is the formula for the area of a rectangle. That is, the area of the rectangle is the length multiplied by the width. Also, as a special case, where l = w, that is the case of a square, then the formula for the area of a square with side length s is A = s^{2} (square).
What System of Measurement is used in the US?
The United States has introduced its own customary units which are extensively used in various fields which is USCS. The units they use for measurement include feet, inches, pounds, ounces, etc.
Why is Measurement Important?
It is important to measure certain things to understand the world around us, such as distance, time, and accuracy, and all. Measurement is a concept that is used in almost all fields, a few of them are given below.

Measurement of agricultural fields, floor areas required for purchase/selling transactions.

Measurement of volumes required for packaging milk, liquids, solid edible food items.

Measurements of surface areas required for estimation of painting houses, buildings etc.
What is the Main System of Measurement?
The main system of measurement is the international system of units(SI) units, and all other systems of measurement is linked to it. The British Imperial system and the US customary system linked to the SI units of measurement with the units of conversion, and can be conveniently used to convert from one unit to another.
Why is it Important to Measure Time?
Time is a very important measurement that helps us fix the duration or length of any event, specify when an event will start and end, and also compare the duration of any two events.
Solved Examples on Measurement
Example 1: The dimensions of a rectangular park are 15 yards and 8 yards. Find its area.
Solution:
The area of a rectangle is the product of its length and breadth. Therefore, Area = 15×8=120 yard^{2}
Example 2: Find the measurement of time between 2:00 to 4:00.
Solution:
There are 2 hours between 2:00 and 4:00. Therefore, the time between 2:00 and 4:00 is 2 hours.
Practice Questions on Measurement
Here are a few activities for you to practice. Select/Type your answer and click the "Check Answer" button to see the result.