Surface Area of Cone
The surface area of a cone is the amount of area occupied by the surface of a cone. A cone is a 3D shape that has a circular base. This means the base is made up of a radius and diameter. The distance between the center of the base and the topmost part of the cone (of course, in the case of ice cream, this portion is at the bottom) is the height of the cone. Like all threedimensional shapes, you will learn how to calculate the surface area of a cone. Stay tuned to learn more about its formula using solved examples!!!
1.  What is the Surface Area of Cone? 
2.  Formula of Surface Area of Cone 
3.  Derivation of Surface Area of Cone 
4.  FAQs on Surface Area of Cone 
What is the Surface Area of Cone?
The area occupied by the surface of a cone is known as the surface area of a cone. Stacking many triangles and rotating them around an axis gives the shape of a cone. As it has a flat base, thus it has a total surface area as well as a curved surface area. We can classify a cone as a right circular cone or an oblique cone. The vertex in the right circular cone is usually vertically above the center of the base whereas the vertex of the cone in an oblique cone is not vertically above the center of the base.
Formula of Surface Area of Cone
As a cone has a curved surface, thus we can express its curved surface area as well as total surface area. A cone has two kinds of surface area:
 Total Surface Area
 Curved Surface Area
If the radius of the base of the cone is "r" and the slant height of the cone is "l", the surface area of a cone is given as:
 Total Surface Area, T = πr(r + l)
 Curved Surface Area, S = πrl
By applying Pythagoras Theorem on the cone, we can find the relation between the total surface area of the cone and its height.
We know, h^{2} + r^{2} = l^{2} where h is the height of the cone, r is the radius of the base, and l is the slant height of the cone.
⇒ l = √(h^{2} + r^{2})
The total surface area in terms of height can be given as, T = πr(r + l) = T = πr(r + √(h^{2} + r^{2})).
The curved surface area of the cone in terms of height can be given as S = πrl = πr(√(h^{2} + r^{2}))
Derivation of Surface Area of Cone
Let us take a cone of height "h", base radius "r", and slant height "l". In order to determine we cut the cone open from the center which looks like a sector of a circle (a planar shape).
The curved surface area of the cone can be given by finding the area of the sector by using the formula,
Area of the sector (in terms of length of arc) = (arc length × radius)/ 2 = ((2πr) × l)/2 = πrl.
∴ The curved surface area of a cone, S = πrl (units)^{2}
The total surface area of cone = area of the base of cone + curved surface area of a cone
⇒ Total surface area of cone = πr^{2} + πrl = πr (r + l)
∴ The total surface area of cone, T = πr (r + l) (units)^{2}
Example: Find the total surface area of the cone and curved surface area of the cone whose radius is 7 inches and slant height is 3 inches (Use π = 22/7).
Solution: As we know, the total surface area of the cone is πr (r + l), and the lateral surface area of a cone is πrl.
Given that: r = 7 inches, l = 3 inches, and π = 22/7
Thus, total surface area of cone, T = πr (r + l) = (22/7) × 7 × (3 + 7) = (22/7) × 7 × (3 + 7) = 22 × 10 = 220 in^{2}
∴ The total surface area of cone is 220 in^{2}.
∴ The curved surface area of the cone, S = πrl = (22/7) × 7 × 3 = 66 in^{2}.
Solved Examples on Surface Area of Cone

Example 1: What is the slant height of the cone having the total surface area of a cone is 616 in^{2} and radius 7 inches?
Solution: The given dimensions are the total surface area of cone = 616 in^{2}, slant height = x inches, and let the radius of cone = 7 inches.Substituting the values in the surface area of the cone formula
Total surface area of cone = πr (r + l) = (22/7) × 7 × (7 + x) = 616
⇒ 22 × (7 + x) = 616
⇒ 7 + x = 28
⇒ x = 21 inches
∴ The slant height of cone is 21 inches. 
Example 2: What is the height of cone whose radius is 7 inches and curved surface area is 550 in^{2} . (Use π = 22/7)
Solution: The given dimensions are radius of cone = 7 in and curved surface area = 550 in^{2}. Let the value of slant height is "l" and height of cone is "h".Substituting the values in the curved surface area of the cone formula
Curved surface area of the cone = πrl = (22/7) × 7 × l = 550 in^{2}
⇒ 22 × l = 550
⇒ l = 550/22 = 25 inches
l = √(h^{2} + r^{2})
⇒ h = √(l^{2}  r^{2}) = √(25^{2}  7^{2}) = 24 inches
∴ The height of cone is 24 inches.
FAQs on Surface Area of Cone
What is the Surface Area of a Cone?
The measure of the area occupied by the surface of a cone is referred to as the surface area of a cone. There are two types of surface area of the cone that can be categorized as the total surface area of the cone and the curved surface area of the cone.
What is the Curved Surface Area of Cone?
The area of the curved surface of a cone is known as the curved surface area of a cone. The formula to calculate the curved surface area of a cone is πrl where "r" is the radius of the base and "l" is the slant height of the cone.
What is the Curved Surface Area of a Right Circular Cone?
A right circular cone is defined as the cone whose axis is the line joining the vertex and the midpoint of the circular base. Thus, the curved surface area of a right circular cone is given as πrl where "r" is the radius of the base and "l" is the slant height of the right circular cone. In terms of the height of the cone, the curved surface area of a right circular cone is given as πr(√(h^{2} + r^{2})) where "h" is the height of the right circular cone.
How Do You Find the Surface Area of Cone with Slant Height and Diameter?
The total surface area of a cone with slant height and diameter of the cone can be found by using the formula T = π(D/2) ((D/2) + l), where D is the Diameter. The curved surface area of the cone with slant height and diameter can be found by using the formula S = π(D/2)l, where D is the Diameter.
How Do You Find the Total Surface Area of a Cone?
The total surface area of a cone can be found by using the below steps:
 Step 1: Check the values given in the question.
 Step 2: Substitute the values of radius and slant height of the given question in the formula πr (r + l). In case if there is no slant height given, we write the value of slant height in terms of the height of the cone,"h", by substituting l = √(h^{2} + r^{2}) which gives the value, T = πr(r + √(h^{2} + r^{2})) where "r" is the radius of the cone and "l" is the slant height of the cone.
 Step 3: Now, find the value of the total surface area.
 Step 4: Write the units at the end.
How Do You Find the Curved Surface Area of a Cone?
The curved surface area of a cone can be found by using the below steps:
 Step 1: Write the values given in the question.
 Step 2: Substitute the values of radius and slant height of the given question in the formula πrl. In case if there is no slant height given, we write the value of slant height in terms of the height of the cone, "h", by substituting l = √(h^{2} + r^{2}) which gives the value, T = πr√(h^{2} + r^{2}) where "r" is the radius of the cone and "l" is the slant height of the cone.
 Step 3: Now, find the value of the curved surface area.
 Step 4: Write the units at the end.
What Happens to the Surface Area of a Cone If the Slant Height and the Radius of the Base are Doubled?
The surface area of the cone depends on the radius of the base and its slant height. Thus, the total surface area of the cone and curved surface area of the cone gets quadrupled when the slant height and the radius of the base are doubled as :
 Total surface area = πr (r + l) = π(2r) (2r + 2l) = 4πr (r + l) = 4 × original total surface area where "r" is the radius of the cone and "l" is the slant height of the cone.
 Curved surface area = πrl = π(2r)(2l) = 4πrl = 4 × original curved surface area where "r" is the radius of the cone and "l" is the slant height of the cone.