Multiplication Tables


A multiplication table is a list of multiples of a number. We can obtain the multiplication table by multiplying the given number with whole numbers. Multiplication is one of the main mathematical operations which is taught to students at an early age. A simple approach to teaching students the concept of multiplication is through a multiplication table chart.

Times tables can be extremely helpful in doing basic arithmetic calculations. These work as building blocks for doing higher maths like fractions, exponents, and many more. Printable multiplication charts and tables are provided to help you learn times tables effortlessly.

Table of Content

Multiplication Tables and chart

What is Multiplication Chart?

A multiplication chart is a table that shows the product of two numbers. Usually, one set of numbers is written on the left column and another set is written on the top-most row. Having a multiplication chart saves a considerable amount of time and energy in doing calculations.

Multiplication Chart 1 to 10

Times table chart 1 to 10 consists of the numbers written from 1 to 10 on the top-most row of the grid as well as on the left-most column of the grid. For all other rows and columns, each of the boxes represents numbers as the product of numbers, one from the top-most row and the other from the left column. The multiplication chart from 1 to 10 is provided below.

Multiplication Charts

Printable Multiplication Chart

A large square must be divided into 20 columns and 20 rows. The heading must be filled from left to right and top to bottom from 1 to 20. In each square, multiply the number of the row with the number of the column. This multiplication chart should be placed somewhere where you will see it daily. Make it a routine to go through this multiplication table chart daily.

>> Download Printable Multiplication Chart PDF

Multiplication Tables from 1 to 20

Multiplication tables are building blocks for multi-digit calculations and solving problems based on fractions, percentages, and factoring. These times tables from 1 to 20 help a child in mental arithmetic and also enables the child to skillfully tackle more complex calculations.

Definition: A Multiplication table is a list of multiples of a particular number. It is a tool used to learn how to multiply two numbers. A times table helps us to calculate answers quickly and easily.

Multiplication Tables 2 to 5

2 Times Table

3 Times Table

4 Times Table

5 Times Table

2 × 1 = 2

3 × 1 = 3

4 × 1 = 4

5 × 1 =5

2 × 2 = 4

3 × 2 = 6

4 × 2 = 8

5 × 2 = 10

2 × 3 = 6

3 × 3 = 9

4 × 3 = 12

5 × 3 = 15

2 × 4 = 8

3 × 4 = 12

4 × 4 = 16

5 × 4 = 20

2 × 5 = 10

3 × 5 = 15

4 × 5 = 20

5 × 5 = 25

2 × 6 = 12

3 × 6 = 18

4 × 6 = 24

5 × 6 =30

2 × 7 = 14

3 × 7 = 21

4 × 7 = 28

5 × 7 = 35

2 × 8 = 16

3 × 8 = 24

4 × 8 = 32

5 × 8 = 40

2 × 9 = 18

3 × 9 = 27

4 × 9 = 36

5 × 9 = 45

2 × 10 = 20

3 × 10 = 30

4 × 10 = 40

5 × 10 = 50

Multiplication Tables 6 to 10

6 Times Table

7 Times Table

8 Times Table

9 Times Table

10 Times Table

6 ×1 = 6

7×1 = 7

8 × 1 = 8

9 × 1 = 9

10 × 1 = 10

6 ×2 = 12

7 × 2 = 14

8 × 2 = 16

9 × 2 = 18

10 × 1 = 20

6 ×3 = 18

7 × 3 = 21

8 × 3 = 24

9 × 3 = 27

10 × 1 = 30

6 × 4 = 24

7 × 4 = 28

8 × 4 = 32

9 × 4 = 36

10 × 1 = 40

6 × 5 = 30

7 × 5 = 35

8 × 5 = 40

9 × 5 = 45

10 × 1 = 50

6 × 6 = 36

7 × 6 = 42

8 × 6 = 48

9 × 6 = 54

10 × 1 = 60

6 × 7= 42

7 × 7 = 49

8 × 7 = 56

9 × 7 = 63

10 × 1 = 70

6 × 8 = 48

7 × 8 = 56

8 × 8 = 64

9 × 8 = 72

10 × 1 = 80

6 × 9 = 54

7 × 9 = 63

8 × 9 = 72

9 × 9 = 81

10 × 1 = 90

6 × 10 = 60

7 × 10 = 70

8 × 10 = 80

9 × 10 = 90

10 × 10 = 100

Times Tables 11 to 15

11 Times Table

12 Times Table

13 Times Table

14 Times Table

15 Times Table

11 × 1 = 11

12 × 1 = 12

13 × 1 = 13

14 × 1 = 14

15 × 1 = 15

11 × 2 = 22

12 × 2 = 24

13 × 2 = 26

14 × 2 = 28

15 × 2 = 30

11 × 3 = 33

12 × 3 = 36

13 × 3 = 39

14 × 3 = 42

15 × 3 = 45

11 × 4 = 44

12 × 4 = 48

13 × 4 = 52

14 × 4 = 56

15 × 4 = 60

11 × 5 = 55

12 × 5 = 60

13 × 5 = 65

14 × 5 = 70

15 × 5 = 75

11 × 6 = 66

12 × 6 = 72

13 × 6 = 78

14 × 6 = 84

15 × 6 = 90

11 × 7 = 77

12 × 7 = 84

13 × 7 = 91

14 × 7 = 98

15 × 7 = 105

11 × 8 = 88

12 × 8 = 96

13 × 8 = 104

14 × 8 = 112

15 × 8 = 120

11 × 9 = 99

12 × 9 = 108

13 × 9 = 117

14 × 9 = 126

15 × 9 = 135

11 × 10 = 110

12 × 10 = 120

13 × 10 = 130

14 × 10 = 140

15 × 10 = 150

Times Tables 16 to 20

16 Times Table

17 Times Table

18 Times Table

19 Times Table

20 Times Table

16 × 1 = 16

17 × 1 = 17

18 × 1 = 18

19 × 1 = 19

20 × 1 = 20

16 × 2 = 32

17 × 2 = 34

18 × 2 = 36

19 × 2 = 38

20 × 2 = 40

16 × 3 = 48

17 × 3 = 51

18 × 3 = 54

19 × 3 = 57

20 × 3 = 60

16 × 4 = 64

17 × 4 = 68

18 × 4 = 72

19 × 4 = 76

20 × 4 = 80

16 × 5 = 80

17 × 5 = 85

18 × 5 = 90

19 × 5 = 95

20 × 5 = 100

16 × 6 = 96

17 × 6 = 102

18 × 6 = 108

19 × 6 = 114

20 × 6 = 120

16 × 7 = 112

17 × 7 = 119

18 × 7 = 126

19 × 7 = 133

20 × 7 = 140

16 × 8 = 128

17 × 8 = 136

18 × 8 = 144

19 × 8 = 152

20 × 8 = 160

16 × 9 = 144

17 × 9 = 153

18 × 9 = 162

19 × 9 = 171

20 × 9 = 180

16 × 10 = 160

17 × 10 = 170

18 × 10 = 180

19 × 10 = 190

20 × 10 = 200

Importance of Multiplication Tables for Students

Multiplication tables, also known as the times tables, are the basic building blocks for arithmetic calculations. The memory of a child is much more powerful than an adult. The things which we learn at an early age have a strong impact on the brain and they are retained lifelong.

The times tables can be extremely important as:

  • Multiplication Tables support the mathematical learning of a student.
  • Gives them a strong grasp of the facts associated with multiplication
  • Makes it easier for students to work out problems in mathematics
  • Students who have a strong grasp of times tables, tend to be more self-assured when learning new math concepts.

Multiplication Tables 1 to 10

Multiplication Table of 2

Multiplication Table of 3

Multiplication Table of 4

Multiplication Table of 5

Multiplication Table of 6

Multiplication Table of 7

Multiplication Table of 8

Multiplication Table of 9

Multiplication Table of 10

 

Tips to Memorize Multiplication Tables

Students typically struggle to memorize multiplication tables. Here we have listed down a few effective tips to help students in memorizing these times tables.

  • Practice ‘skip-counting’
  • Recite the multiplication table in order 
  • Practice by writing
  • Apply multiplication to real-life
  • Identify patterns

Practice Skip Counting: Start with a number and then keep adding that same number. For instance, if you start by 3, keep adding 3 every time to count. So you would say 3, 6, 9, 12 . .

Recite the Multiplication Table in Order: For instance, you would say “2 times 1 is 2, 2 times 2 is 4, 2 times 3 is 6,” and so on. Make it a practice to recite this table once daily until you master the structure that it follows.

Practice Reverse Table Recitation: Learn to say the multiplication table backward. Start from the bottom of the column. For instance, start with “2 times 20 is 40, 2 times 19 is 38,” and so on.

Practice by Writing: If you are facing difficulty memorizing the multiplication table, you always have the option of writing and learning. Make it a daily routine to write the multiplication tables and then recite them once.

Apply Multiplication to Real Life: Try to understand multiplication tables using real-life examples. You can also try practicing multiplication during various instances, if possible. For example, multiplying the price of one product with the number of products or multiplying the amount by the number of notes in a bundle.

Identify Patterns: Every multiplication table has its own pattern. It is very important to identify this pattern. It will help you to memorize these times tables faster.

Times Tables 11 to 20

Times Table of 11

Times Table of 16

Times Table of 12

Times Table of 17

Times Table of 13

Times Table of 18

Times Table of 14

Times Table of 19

Times Table of 15

Times Table of 20

FAQs on Multiplication Tables and Charts

Is It Important to Memorize Multiplication Tables?

Yes, it is important to Memorize Multiplication Tables. Multiplication helps in solving problems based on operations on fractions and integers. Multiplication tables act as powerful tools to deal with various arithmetic related problems easily and also saves time in complicated calculations. The students can download times tables from 2 to 20 and make a regular routine to go through these multiplication tables.

How Multiplication Tables can be Helpful to Understand Other Concepts?

The multiplication tables can be helpful to understand other concepts as:

  • Multiplication tables are helpful in quick calculations.
  • They help in understanding the patterns of multiples.

Why is Learning Multiplication Table an Essential Skill for Long Multiplication and Division?

Learning the multiplication table is an essential skill for long multiplication and division as:

  • It helps in working out calculations in head
  • This makes the problem solving faster.

How Multiplication Tables Can Improve Problem Solving Abilities?

Multiplication tables can improve problem-solving abilities by:

  • Building number sense
  • Giving a deeper understanding of why and how other than just what in a situation.

Where do you Use Multiplication Tables in Everyday Life?

Multiplication tables can be used in everyday life for the following purposes:

  • For calculating the bill while purchasing any good from a shop, for example, groceries, etc.
  • For mathematical calculations related to any dimensional quantity like area, volume, etc for an object.

Why is a Multiplication Chart Helpful?

A multiplication chart shows all the times' tables clearly in one grid. It's a handy reference to memorize multiplication facts. Create a Math Multiplication table chart 1-12, read it daily, or even utilize it for calculation purposes. This will help you memorize it.

What is the Easiest way to Teach Multiplication Tables?

The method of teaching tables to children varies with the understanding and grasping capabilities of the child. To mention a few, the Waldorf multiplication flower, a times table sheet in the classroom, and explaining the addition facts are some of the effective ways to teach the multiplication tables.

Solved Examples Using Multiplication Tables

Example 1: Sam works for 5 hours a day and is paid $8 per hour. How much does Sam earn in a day?

Solution: Since Sam works for 5 hours and is paid $8 per hour. Therefore, by using multiplication tables the total amount that he earns is 5 times 8.

∴ Sam earns $40.

Example 2: John has 6 cupcakes. He shares them equally with his 3 friends. How many cupcakes does each friend get?

Solution: This is a real-life problem involving division facts associated with the multiplication tables. Here, we need to check the times table of 3 and look for the step where we obtain 6 as the product.

So, 3 × 2 = 6, i.e. 6 ÷ 3 = 2

∴ Each friend gets 2 cupcakes.