Surface Area of Cuboid
The surface area of a cuboid is the total space occupied by it. A cuboid is a sixfaced threedimensional shape in which each face is in the shape of a rectangle. Let us learn more about the formula of the surface area of the cuboid and solve problems based on the surface area of the cuboid.
1.  What is the Surface Area of Cuboid? 
2.  Surface Area of Cuboid Formula 
3.  Derivation of Surface Area of Cuboid 
4.  How To Calculate the Surface Area of Cuboid? 
5.  FAQs on Surface Area of Cuboid 
What is the Surface Area of Cuboid?
The surface area of a cuboid is the total area of all its surfaces. Since a cuboid is a threedimensional solid shape, the value of its surface area depends on the dimensions of its length, width, and height. The change in any of the dimensions of a cuboid changes the value of the surface area of a cuboid. The surface area of a cuboid is expressed in square units.
Surface Area of Cuboid Formula
The formula for the surface area of a cuboid depends on the type of surface area that has been asked for. A cuboid has two kinds of surface areas:
 Total Surface Area
 Lateral Surface Area
The total surface area of the cuboid is obtained by adding the area of all the 6 faces while the lateral surface area of the cuboid is calculated by finding the area of each face excluding the base and the top. The total surface area and the lateral surface area of a cuboid can be expressed in terms of length (l), width (w), and height of cuboid (h) as:
Total Surface Area of Cuboid = 2 (lw + wh + lh)
Lateral Surface Area of Cuboid = 2h (l + w)
If the surface area is given or asked without any specifications, it means that it refers to the total surface area. Let us see how to derive the formulas for the surface area of the cuboid by opening up a cuboidal box.
Derivation of Surface Area of Cuboid
A cuboid has 6 rectangular faces. Now, in order to find the total surface area of a cuboid, we need to add the area of all the 6 rectangular faces.
Total Surface Area of Cuboid
The total surface area of the six faces can be calculated by adding the areas of each face. Since each face of a cuboid is a rectangle, hence the area of the rectangle for each face is calculated and added to get the total surface area of the cuboid. Let us understand this with the help of the figure given below.
All the faces are numbered as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 as shown in the figure given above. In other words, if we see the cuboid in the form of a twodimensional figure as a net, we get this figure.
 Area of Rectangle 1 and 2: This is the area of the rectangle of the top and bottom faces = l × w. So, this makes it, lw + lw = 2lw
 Area of Rectangle 3 and 4: This is the area of the rectangle of the front and back faces = w × h. So, this makes it, wh + wh = 2wh
 Area of Rectangle 5 and 6: This is the area of the rectangle of the faces on the left and right side = l × h. So, this makes it, lh + lh = 2lh
Hence, the total surface area of the six faces = 2lw + 2wh + 2lh
Thus, the total surface area of a cuboid of dimensions l, w, and h will be = 2 (lw + wh + lh)
Lateral Surface Area of Cuboid
The lateral surface area of a cuboid is the combined surface area of the four vertical faces. In the figure given above, if we remove the top and bottom faces, we will get the area of the lateral surface area of the cuboid. The lateral surface area of the cuboid is,
Lateral Surface Area = Total Surface Area  Area of top and bottom faces
Lateral Surface Area = 2 (lw + wh + lh)  (2 × l × w)
= 2lw + 2wh + 2lh  2lw
= 2lh + 2wh
= 2h(l + w)
To understand this with the help of a reallife example let us imagine a room in the shape of a cuboid. The total surface area will be the combined area of the six faces of the room (the four vertical walls + the floor + the ceiling) while the lateral surface area will be the combined surface area of the four vertical walls (the areas of the floor and the ceiling are not added).
How to Find the Surface Area of Cuboid?
The surface area of a cuboid is the total area of each surface of a cuboid. Let us use the following steps to calculate the total surface area of a cuboid.
 Step 1: Check if the given dimensions of cuboids are in the same units or not. If not, convert the dimensions into the same units.
 Step 2: Use the formula for total surface area = 2(lw + wh + lh)
 Step 3: Substitute the given values to get the area and express it in square units.
Let us learn how to calculate the total surface area and the lateral surface area of a cuboid with the help of an example.
Example: Find the total surface area and the lateral surface area of a cuboid whose length = 6 inches, width = 4 inches, and height = 3 inches.
Solution: As we know, the total surface area of a cuboid = 2 (lw + wh + lh) and the lateral surface area of a cuboid is 2h(l + w).
Here, length (l) = 6 inches, width (w) = 4 inches and height (h) = 3 inches
Total surface area of cuboid = 2 (lw + wh + lh) = 2 [(6 × 4) + (4 × 3) + (6 × 3)] in^{2}
⇒ Total surface area of cuboid = 108 in^{2}
Lateral surface area of cuboid = 2h(l + w) = (2 × 3)(6 + 4) in^{2}
⇒ Lateral surface area of cuboid = 60 in^{2}
Therefore, the total surface area of the cuboid is 108 in^{2} and the lateral surface area of the cuboid is 60 in^{2}.
ā Related Articles
Examples on Surface Area of Cuboid

Example 1: Find the lateral surface area of a cuboid whose length = 20 inches, width = 10 inches, and height = 15 inches.
Solution: As we know, the lateral surface area of a cuboid is L = 2h(l + w) and it is given that,
length (l) = 20 in
width (w) = 10 in
height (h) = 15 in
Let us substitute the values in the formula,
Lateral surface area of cuboid = 2h(l + w)
⇒ 2 × 15(20 + 10)⇒ 30(20 + 10)
⇒ 30 × (30) = 900 square inches
Therefore, the lateral surface area of the cuboid is 900 square inches. 
Example 2: Find the total surface area of a cuboid which is 8 m long, 5 m broad, and 4 m high.
Solution: Given, length of the cuboid (l) = 8 m, width (w) = 5 m, height (h) = 4 m.The total surface area of the cuboid = 2 (lw + wh + lh)
So, let us substitute the values in the formula.
Total surface area of the cuboid = 2 (lw + wh + lh)
⇒ 2 [(8 × 5) + (5 × 4) + (8 × 4)]
⇒ 2 [40 + 20 + 32]⇒ 2 × 92 = 184 m^{2}
Therefore, the total surface area of the cuboid is 184 m^{2}

Example 3: State true or false.
a.) A cuboid has 7 rectangular faces.
b.) In order to find the total surface area of a cuboid, we need to add the area of all the 6 rectangular faces.
Solution:
a.) False, a cuboid has 6 rectangular faces.
b.) True, in order to find the total surface area of a cuboid, we need to add the area of all the 6 rectangular faces.
FAQs on Surface Area of Cuboid
What is the Total Surface Area of Cuboid?
The total surface area of a cuboid is the sum of all its surfaces. In order to find the total surface area of a cuboid, we need to add the area of all the 6 rectangular faces. The formula for the total surface area of a cuboid is 2 (lw + wh + lh) where l = length, w = width, and h = height of the cuboid.
What is the Lateral Surface Area of a Cuboid?
The lateral surface area of a cuboid is the value of the surface area of a cuboid excluding its top and bottom surfaces. The formula for the lateral surface area of a cuboid is expressed as, 2h(l + w) where l = length, w = width, and h = height of the cuboid.
What is the Difference Between the Total Surface Area and the Lateral Surface Area of a Cuboid?
The difference between total surface area and the lateral surface area of a cuboid is given below:
 The total surface area of a cuboid is the sum of the areas of all 6 faces, whereas, the lateral surface area of a cuboid is the sum of the areas of faces excluding the top and the base.
 The total surface area of a cuboid is calculated using formula 2(lw + wh + lh), whereas, the lateral surface area of a cuboid is calculated using formula 2h(l +w).
What is the TSA and LSA of a Cuboid?
The TSA and LSA of a cuboid are the abbreviations of Total Surface Area (TSA) and Lateral Surface Area(LSA) of a cuboid. The total surface area is the sum of the surface area of all 6 faces while lateral surface area is the measure of surface area excluding the top and bottom faces.
What is the Total Surface Area of a Cuboidal Box Without Lid?
The total surface area of a cuboidal box without a lid can be given in two ways:
 Method 1: Total surface area of a Cuboidal Box Without Lid = Total surface area of the cuboid  1 rectangular face;
 Method 2: Total surface area of a Cuboidal Box Without Lid = Lateral surface area of cuboid + 1 rectangular face;
It should be noted that both the methods result in the same answer.
What is the Unit for Surface Area of Cuboid?
The surface area of a cuboid is expressed in square units like cm^{2}, m^{2}, inch^{2}, and so on.
What is the Formula to Find the Total Surface Area of a Cuboid?
The formula that is used to find the total surface area of a cuboid is 2 (lw + wh + lh); where l = length, w = width, and h = height of the cuboid.
What is the Formula to Find the Lateral Surface Area of a Cuboid?
The formula that is used to find the lateral surface area of a cuboid is 2h(l + w) where l = length, w = width, and h = height of the cuboid.
visual curriculum