Surface Area of Cylinder
The surface area of a cylinder can be defined as the total space covered by the flat surfaces of the bases of the cylinder and the curved surface. The total surface area of the cylinder has two components:
 curved surface area
 flat surface area (of the two flat faces)
Here in this topic, we will discuss what is the surface area of the cylinder and how to calculate the total surface area and lateral surface area of a cylinder. A cylinder is a 3D solid object which consists of two circular bases connected with a curved face.
What is the Surface Area of a Cylinder?
The surface area of a cylinder can be defined as the amount of space covered by a flat surface of the base of the cylinder and the curved surface of the cylinder. The surface area of the cylinder is actually the sum of an area of a circle since the base of the cylinder is a circle and the area of curved surface which is a rectangle of length height of the cylinder and circumference of the base as width. Surface area is expressed as the "number of" square units (square centimeters, square inches, square feet, etc.).
Formula of Surface Area of a Cylinder
The formula of the surface area of the cylinder is used to find the surface area occupied by the bases of the cylinder within its boundary and the curved surface of the cylinder. As a cylinder has a curved surface, thus we can express its curved surface area as well as total surface area. A cylinder has two kinds of surface area:
 Total Surface Area
 Curved Surface Area
If the radius of the base of the cylinder is "r" and the height of the cylinder is "h", the surface area of a cylinder is given as:
 Total Surface Area, T = 2πr(h + r)
 Curved Surface Area, S = 2πrh
Curved Surface Area of Cylinder
The curved surface area of a cylinder is the area covered by the curved surface. The formula to calculate the curved surface area of a cylinder is given as,
The curved surface area of cylinder = 2πrh
where,
 r = Radius of the base of the cylinder
 h = Height of cylinder
Total Surface Area of Cylinder
The total surface area of the cylinder is obtained by adding the area of the two bases and the area of the curved surface area. Thus, the formula for the surface area of the cylinder is given as,
Total surface area of cylinder = 2πr^{2}+2πrh = 2πr(h+r)
where,
 r = Base radius of the cylinder
 h = Height of cylinder
Derivation of Surface Area of Cylinder
The area of any shape is the space occupied by it. A cylinder has 2 flat surfaces which are usually circles and a curved surface that opens up as a rectangle. Consider the cylinder whose height is 'h' and a circular base with radius, 'r'. Let us open a cylinder and see this.
So, the area of the cylinder is the area of the two circles whose base radius is 'r' and the area of the rectangle which is the curved surface.
The height of this rectangle is the height of the cylinder h, while the length of this rectangle is the circumference of the circle, that is, 2πr. Thus, the area of this rectangle is the curved surface area of the cylinder, = 2πrh.
Also, total surface area of the cylinder = 2πr^{2}+2πrh = 2πr(h+r)
How to Calculate Surface Area of a Cylinder?
The surface area of a cylinder is equal to the surface area occupied by the bases of the cylinder within its boundary and the curved surface of the cylinder. By following the steps mentioned below we can find the surface area of a cylinder.
 Step 1: Note the base radius, 'r', and height, 'h' of the cylinder. Make sure both have the same units.
 Step 2: Understand the need to calculate the curved surface area or the total surface area according to the given situation.
 Step 3: Implement the formula for curved surface area 2πrh, or total surface area, 2πr(r+h).
 Step 4: The answer is in square units of the unit of the length radius.
Now that we know the formula and method to calculate the surface area of the cylinder, let us now understand how to calculate it with the help of some solved examples.
Solved Examples on Surface Area of Cylinder

Example 1: The radius of a cylinder is 5 in. Find the surface area of the cylinder if the height of the cylinder is 15 in.
Solution:
Length of the radius, r = 5 in
Height of the cylinder, h = 15 inArea of the cylinder is: A = 2πr(h+r)
= 2π × 5 ×(15 + 5)
= 10 × 20π
= 628.318Therefore, the surface area of the cylinder is 628.318 square inches.

Example 2: Samuel has given a cylinder of surface area 1728π square units. Find the height of the cylinder if the radius of the base of the circle is 24 units.
Solution:
The surface area of the cylinder, A = 1728π
Using the area of the base is: A = 2πr(h+r)
1728π = 2π×24×(h+24)
⇒ 1728/48 = (h+24)
⇒ 36 = h + 24
⇒ h = 12So, the height of the cylinder is 12 units.
FAQs on Surface Area of Cylinder
What Is the Surface Area of a Cylinder?
The surface area of a cylinder is defined as the total area or region covered by the surface of the shape. The surface area of a cylinder is expressed in square units, like m^{2}, in^{2}, cm^{2}, yd^{2}, etc.
How Do You Find the Surface Area of a Cylinder?
The surface area of a cylinder can be found following the steps given below,
 Step 1: Note down the base radius, 'r', and height, 'h' of the cylinder. Check that the units of dimensions are the same.
 Step 2: Apply the formula to find the surface area of a cylinder given as,
LSA of cylinder = 2πrh
TSA of cylinder = 2πr(h + r)  Step 3: Express the answer with a suitable unit.
What Is the Formula to Calculate the Surface Area of a Cylinder?
The formula to calculate the total surface area of a cylinder is given as, the total surface area of cylinder = 2πr(h + r), while the curved surface area of cylinder formula is, curved/lateral surface area of cylinder = 2πrh, where 'r' is the radius of the base and 'h' is the height of the cylinder.
How Do you Find the Surface Area of an Open Top Cylinder?
The surface area of an opentop cylinder can be calculated by finding the area of the base and curved surface. Thus, the area of a cylinder without a top can be given as, the surface area of an opentop cylinder = πr(2h + r), where 'r' is the base radius and 'h' is the height of the cylinder.
What Is the Formula To Find the Base Area of a Cylinder?
The base of a cylinder is circular shaped. Therefore, the formula to find the base area of a cylinder is given as, πr^{2}, where 'r' is the base radius of the cylinder.
How Do You Find the Curved Surface Area of a Cylinder?
The curved surface area of a cylinder is given using the formula, curved/lateral surface area of cylinder = 2πrh, where 'r' is the base radius and 'h' is the height of the cylinder.
What Will Be the TSA of the Cylinder When Curved Surface Area and Base Circumference Is Given?
The TSA of the cylinder when curved surface area and base circumference is given is as, (curved surface area + base area) = (2πrh + πr^{2 }) or 2πr(h+r), where 'r' is the base radius and 'h' is the height of the cylinder.