Metric Conversion Chart
The metric system was introduced in France in the year 1790. This historical evolution has culminated in the invention of the international system of units (SI units) later. It is known as "Metrication”. The different unit of measurement resulted in the introduction of the "Metric System".
Metric Conversions are a part of our daily life, from cooking, baking to what not. Check out the metric conversion charts and tables in this lesson to get a better idea of how you can perform metric conversions.
|1.||What is Metric Conversion?|
|2.||Metric System in Math|
|3.||Metric to Standard Conversion|
|4.||How to teach Metric Conversion?|
|5.||Metric Conversion Charts|
|6.||FAQs on Metric Conversion|
What is Metric Conversion?
Everything around us right from the amount of sugar you add to a cake to the dimensions of any field has a value of the measurement. We measure each object according to its length, weight, volume, or time. While the distance of a road can be measured in miles, we can't do the same for the amount of water in a can. We use gallons to find the volume of water and feet to find the height of the can.
Metric Conversion refers to the conversion of the given units to desired units for any quantity to be measured. The different unit of measurement resulted in the introduction of the "Metric System". The metric units followed in the United States are called United States Customary Units (USCS).
Metric System in Math
The metric system of measurement in mathematics is the set of standard units defined to measure length, weight, and capacity. The units of the metric system, originally taken from observable features of nature, are defined by seven physical constants with numerical values in terms of the units. The Metric system evolved and over time is universally accepted as the International System of Units called the SI System and many countries follow this system.
Metric to Standard Conversion
The USCS system evolved from the British Imperial System. The United States metric units are also called "imperial units". The main difference between the SI units and the American metric units are the terms and the type of units used. For instance, the length is measured using the meter in SI units whereas foot is used in the United States metric units.
Metric to Standard Conversion Chart:
How to teach Metric Conversion?
Teaching metric conversions require translating a mathematical idea from one form to another. One can take up real-time examples, such as comparing and converting a given measurement to another unit within the same measurement system. Metric conversion charts can be a good idea.
Metric Conversion Charts
Metric Conversion Charts provide us with conversion factors for conversions for standard to metric conversions or vice versa and serves as a reference for easy and quick calculations. Let's have a look at the metric conversion chart tables below:
Length/Distance conversion chart
The length/distance conversion chart gives the basic unit conversions related to length in a simple and easy form. Mile is the largest unit and inch is the smallest unit of measuring length. Let' have a look at the chart given below:
Metric conversion chart to inches:
|1 inch||2.54 cm|
|1 foot||12 in|
|1 yard||3 ft or (36 in)|
|1 mile||1760 yards(5280 ft) (in metrics 1.609344 km)|
As per the standard units, the length is measured in meters. The unit is denoted by the alphabet (m).
Metric Conversion Chart to meters:
|US standard measurement||
|1 in||2.54 cm|
|1 ft||0.3048 m|
|1 yd||0.914 m|
Area Conversion Chart
The area Conversion chart gives the basic unit conversions related to the area. The area is the space occupied by a two-dimensional shape or figure. The area is measured in square units. Let's have a look at the chart given below:
|Square inch||in2, inch2,sq in, q inch, square inch||A chessboard of 100 sq. in
ft2, foot2, sq. ft, sq foot, sq feet
|A garage of 200 sq. ft
|Square yard||yd2, yard2, sq. yd, sq yard||A park of 100 sq. yard
|Square mile||mile2, sq. mile||A botanical garden of 500 sq. mile
|Acre||acre||A football ground is exactly 1 acre
1 acre = 43,560 sq ft
Volume conversion chart
The volume conversion chart gives the basic unit conversions related to volume. The term capacity or volume is used for measuring the space occupied by the object. Volume is the space enclosed or occupied by any three-dimensional object or solid shape. It has length, width, and height. It is measured in cubic units. Finding the volume of an object can help us determine the amount required to fill that object. For example, the amount of water in a bottle. Let's have a look at the chart given below:
|1 Cup (cp)||8 fl oz|
|1 Pint (pt)||2 cups|
|1 Quart (qt)||2 pints|
|1 Gallon (gal)||4 quarts|
Liquid Volume conversion chart
|1 gallon||8 pints or 128 fluid ounces|
|1 pint||16 fluid ounces|
Note that an ounce is the measure of mass and a fluid ounce is a measure of volume. A fluid ounce is the size of a medicine cup. Other units like peck (1 peck = 2 gal), barrel (31.5 gal ) are hardly used.
Weight Conversion Chart
The weight Conversion chart gives the basic unit conversions related to the weight. The unit weight is used for measuring the mass of an object. It tells us how heavy and how light is the object. We can multiply and divide the base units to measure smaller and bigger units.
|1 ounce (oz)||16 drams|
|1 pound (lb)||16 oz|
|1 ton (ton)||2000 lb|
Printable Metric Conversion Charts
Printable metric conversion charts are way helpful as a handy reference for real-life purposes to be sorted as well as for solving metric conversion problems by students.
Example 1: Peter bought a cake that weighed about 2 lbs. He cut the cake and gave a 10-ounce piece to his sister. Help Peter figure out the weight of the cake that is remaining.
1 pound(lb) = 16 ounces. Therefore, 2 pounds(lbs) = 32 ounces. We know that Peter bought a cake that weighed about 32 ounces. He gave his sister a piece weighing about 10 ounces. Thus, 32 −10 = 22 ounces. Therefore, the remaining cake weighs about 22 ounces.
Example 2: When going out with his family, Jack traveled 6 miles. After reaching the destination he tried to figure out how much distance they traveled in feet. Let's help him!.
From the conversion chart above, we can see that 1 mile = 5280 ft. Thus, in 6 miles there are 6 × 5280 = 31,680 ft. Therefore, they traveled 31,680 ft distance.
Example 3: Olivia and 3 of her friends decided to host a house party. They prepared different dishes. Olivia prepared 4 gallons of lemonade. She later prepared another 2 quarts of the same. How many quarts of lemonade was prepared by Olivia?
1 gallon = 4 quarts. Thus, 4 + 2 = 6 quarts. Therefore, Olivia prepared 6 quarts of lemonade.
Example 4: A football field exactly measures 1.32 acres in size. How many square feet does it measure?
We know that 1 acre = 43560 sq ft. Thus, 1.32 acre = 1.32 ×× 43560 = 57499.2 sq. ft. Therefore, the football field measures 1.32 acres = 57499.2 sq. ft.
FAQs on Metric Conversion
What is the Difference Between Metric System and English System?
The English system is based on the common lengths of body parts and the metric system is based on measuring instruments and units.
What's the Difference Between Imperial and Metric?
The metric system includes measuring units of meters and grams. The imperial system is used where things are measured in feet, inches, and pounds.
What are the Basic Metric Conversions?
The basic metric conversion units are meters (for length), grams (for mass or weight), and liters (for volume).
What are the 7 Basic Units of Measurement in the Metric System?
The seven basic units of measurement in the SI system are the meter (m), the kilogram (kg), the second (s), the kelvin (K), the ampere (A), the mole (mol), and the candela (cd).
How do you Set up a Conversion Equation?
To set up a conversion equation:
- Look for a conversion factor between the given units and the desired units.
- Make an equation, using them.
- Convert that equation to a fraction, putting the desired units on top and the given units on the bottom.
What are the Conversion Factors?
A conversion factor is a number that is used to change one set of units to another, either by multiplying or by dividing. An appropriate conversion factor makes calculation quick and easy. For example, the appropriate conversion value, to convert inches to feet, is 12 inches = 1 foot.
How to Memorize Metric Conversion Tables?
The basics can be memorized as Deci - 10 times smaller, than Centi, which is 100 times smaller than Milli, which is 1,000 times smaller, than the SI units- meters, liters, and kilograms. Also, a handy trick for remembering the basic metric prefixes is this mnemonic "King Henry Doesn't Usually Drink Chocolate Milk".
What is the Conversion Factor for Nanometers to Meters?
Nanometers and meters are based on units of 10 and converting between units are really about moving the decimal. Since 1,000,000,000 nm equals 1 m, so in order to convert from nanometers to meters, simply move the decimal point to the left nine places.