Triangles are three-sided closed figures.

They can be acute, obtuse, or right triangles when they are classified based on their angles.

They can be scalene, isosceles, or equilateral when classified based on their sides.

Drag the vertices in the simulation below to see the types of triangles and its elements.

Click on the type of triangles to explore their properties.

In this lesson, we will explore the area of a right-angled triangle, scalene triangle, and an obtuse angle.

**Lesson Plan**

**What Do You Mean by Area of A Triangle?**

The area of a triangle is the amount of space enclosed between the sides of the triangle.

Consider the triangle ABC.

The shaded interior region enclosed within AB, BC, and AC is the area of the given triangle.

**What Is the Area of A Triangle Formula?**

There are several ways to find the area of a triangle.

**Area of Triangle with Base and Height **

In the given triangle \(ABC\),

Area of \(\Delta ABC = \frac{1}{2} h\times \text{BC}\)

BC is the base and h is the height of the triangle.

Area = \(\dfrac{1}{2}\) × Base × Height |

**Area of Triangle with 3 Sides **

Heron's formula is used to find the area of a triangle when the length of the 3 sides of the triangle are known.

Consider the triangle ABC with sides a, b and c.

Heron's formula to find the area of the triangle is:

Area = \(\sqrt {s(s - a)(s - b)(s - c)}\) |

Note that (a + b + c) is the perimeter of the triangle.

s is the semi-perimeter which is given by:

\[s = \frac{{a + b + c}}{2}\]

**Area of Triangle with 2 Sides and Included Angle (SAS)**

There are three variations to the same formula based on which sides and included angle are given.

Consider the triangle,

When sides 'b' and 'c' and included angle A is known, the area of the triangle is:

\(\dfrac{1}{2}\) × bc × sin(A) |

When sides 'b' and 'a' and included angle B is known, the area of the triangle is:

\(\dfrac{1}{2}\) × ab × sin(C) |

When sides 'a' and 'c' and included angle C is known, the area of the triangle is:

\(\dfrac{1}{2}\) × ac × sin(B) |

**How Do You Calculate the Area Of a Triangle? **

The area of triangle can be calculated using the formulas as discussed above or using the area of triangle calculators.

**With Area of Triangle Formulas**

Area of a Triangle | Formula |
---|---|

Base and height of a triangle are given |
\( \frac{1}{2} \times \text{base} \times \text{height}\) |

Sides of a triangle \((a,b,c)\) are given | \(\sqrt {s(s - a)(s - b)(s - c)} \) where \(a, \, b, \, c\) are the sides and \(s\) is the semi-perimeter \(s = \frac{a+b+c}{2}\) |

Two sides and the included angle are given | \(\frac{1}{2}\:{side_1} \times{side_2} \times sin(θ)\) where '\(\theta\)' is the angle between the given two sides |

Area of an equilateral triangle | \(\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}\text{a}^2\) where \(a\) is the side of the triangle |

Area of an Isosceles triangle | \(\frac{1}{4}b\sqrt {4{a^2} - {b^2}}\) where \(b\) is the base and \(a\) is the measure of equal side. |

Use the Formulas listed above to calculate the area of a triangle based on the given parameters.

The area of a triangle calculator will help you find them easily.

**With Area Of Triangle Calculator**

Use this **Area of a triangle calculator** to find the area when the base and height of a triangle are given.

Try this Area of a triangle calculator to find the area of a triangle using **Heron's formula**.

Use this **Area of a triangle calculator** to find the area when two sides and included angle is known (SAS)

- An easy way to recall the formula for the area of a triangle when two sides and the included angle are given is to remember: 'abc'

Area of a triangle = \(\frac{1}{2}\)ab \(sin\)(C) - Area of an isosceles triangle and equilateral triangle can be derived from Heron's formula.
- Area of a triangle is equal to half the product of the altitude of a triangle and the base of a triangle.
- The median of a triangle in an isosceles triangle is perpendicular to the base.

**Solved Examples**

Example 1 |

The signboard at a cross road needs to be repainted.

The measurements are as given in the image.

Find the area to be painted.

**Solution**

The area of a triangle when 2 sides and included angle are given is:

\[\begin{align}

&\frac{1}{2}\:{side_1} \times{side_2} \times sin(θ) \\

&=\frac{1}{2} \times 7 \times 8 \times \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2} (\because sin \:60 = \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}) \\

&=24.24

\end{align}\]

\(\therefore\) Area to be painted = 24.24 inch^{2} |

Example 2 |

The sides of a triangular park are in the ratio \(12:17:25,\) and its perimeter is \(1080 \; m\)

What is its area?

**Solution**

The sides of the triangle are \(12x\), \(17x\) and \(25x\)

\[\begin{align}12x + 17x + 25x &= 1080\\ \Rightarrow 54x &= 1080\\ \Rightarrow x &= 20\end{align}\]

Thus, the sides of the triangle are:

\[240 m, \; 340 m,\; 500 m\]

Now, the semi-perimeter of the triangle is:

\[s = \frac{{1080}}{2} = 540\:m\]

Using Heron’s Formula, the area of the triangle is:

\[\begin{align}&A\! =\! \sqrt {540\left( {540 \!- \!240} \right)\left( {200} \right)\left( {540\! -\! 500} \right)} \\ &\quad= \sqrt {540 \times 300 \times 200 \times 40} \\& \quad= 36,000\, \rm{m^2}\end{align}\]

\(\therefore\) Area of the triangular park =36,000 m |

Example 3 |

Find the area of the shaded region in the following figure.

**Solution**

\(\Delta\) ABC is an isosceles triangle, therefore its area is:

\(\begin{align}Area(\Delta ABC)&=\dfrac{1}{4}BC\sqrt{4(AB)^2-(BC)^2}\\&=\dfrac{1}{4} \times 10\sqrt{4(15)^2-10^2}\\&=\dfrac{5}{2}\sqrt{4\times 225-100}\\&=\dfrac{5}{2}\sqrt{800}\\&=\dfrac{5}{2}\times 20\sqrt{2}\\&=50\sqrt{2} \end{align}\)

Also,

\[\begin{align}&area\left( {\Delta BDC} \right) = \frac{1}{2} \times CD \times BD\\&\qquad\qquad\qquad\; = \frac{1}{2} \times 6 \times 8 = 24\, \rm{cm^2}\end{align}\]

Thus, the area of the shaded region is:

\[\begin{align}

& A \;= area(\Delta ABC) - area(\Delta BDC)\\

&\quad = (50\sqrt 2 - 24)\,\rm{cm^2}\\

&\quad \approx 46.7\, \rm{cm^2}

\end{align}\]

\(\therefore\) Area of the shaded region = 46.7 cm^{2} |

- In the given figure, \(ABCD\) is a parallelogram.

If the area of \(\Delta BFC = 40\;cm^2\), calculate the area of \(\Delta ABE\).

**Interactive Questions**

**Here are a few activities for you to practice. Select/Type your answer and click the 'Check Answer' button to see the result.**

**Let's Summarize**

The mini-lesson targeted the fascinating concept of the area of triangle. The math journey around area of triangle starts with what a student already knows, and goes on to creatively crafting a fresh concept in the young minds. Done in a way that not only it is relatable and easy to grasp, but also will stay with them forever. Here lies the magic with Cuemath.

**About Cuemath**

At Cuemath, our team of math experts is dedicated to making learning fun for our favorite readers, the students!

Through an interactive and engaging learning-teaching-learning approach, the teachers explore all angles of a topic.

Be it worksheets, online classes, doubt sessions, or any other form of relation, it’s the logical thinking and smart learning approach that we at Cuemath believe in.

**FAQs on Area Of Triangle**

### 1. What is area and perimeter in maths?

Area of a figure is the region enclosed by that figure.

Perimeter of a figure is the total length of the boundary of the figure.

### 2. What is the height of a triangle?

The height of a triangle is the length of the perpendicular from one side of the triangle to the opposite vertex.

### 3. What is the formula of perimeter and area of a triangle?

The formula for the perimeter of a triangle is a + b + c, where a, b, c are the lengths of the sides of a triangle.

The formula for the area of a triangle is \(\dfrac{1}{2}\) × Base × Height

### 4. How do you find the base and height of a triangle?

The area of triangle can be calculated with the formula: \(\dfrac{1}{2}\) × Base × Height.

The height and base can be calculated with the help of the same formula, when the other dimensions are known.

### 5. How do you find the area and perimeter of a triangle?

The area of a triangle can be calculated with the help of the formula \(\dfrac{1}{2}\) × Base × Height.

The perimeter of a triangle can be calculated by adding the three sides of a triangle.

### 6. How do you find the area of a triangle without height?

Heron's formula can be used to find the area of a triangle when the length of the 3 sides of the triangle are known.

Hence, the area of the triangle can be calculated using Heron's formula without height.

### 7. How do you find the area of a triangle given two sides and an angle?

The area of a triangle is half the product of the given two sides and sine of the included angle.

For a detailed explanation refer to Area of Triangle with 2 Sides and Included Angle (SAS)

### 8. How do you find the area of a triangle with 3 sides?

The area of a triangle with 3 sides can be calculated using Heron's formula, that is Area = \(\sqrt {s(s - a)(s - b)(s - c)} \).

### 9. How do you find the area of an irregular triangle?

The area of an irregular triangle (sometimes referred to as a scalene triangle) can be calculated using the formula: \(\sqrt {s(s - a)(s - b)(s - c)} \).

### 10. How do you calculate the area of an obtuse triangle?

The area of an obtuse triangle can be calculated using the formula : \(\dfrac{1}{2}\) × Base × Height, by determining the length of any of its sides and height.