# How to use the properties of rational numbers in the questions?

A rational number is formed when any two integers, such as p and q, are expressed in the form of p/q, where q ≠ 0.

## Answer: To use the different properties of rational numbers, we use the definition of the properties involved with different mathematical operations.

Let us discuss the properties of rational numbers in detail.

**Explanation:**

Let's list the properties of rational numbers with examples.

**Closure Property**

Rational numbers are closed under addition, subtraction and multiplication. Let us take a few examples:

1. 2/3 + 3/5 = 10/15 + 9/15 = 19/15

2. 7/9 - 1/2 = 14/18 - 9/18 = 5/18

3. 2/5 × 1/7 = 2/35

Therefore, the mathematical operations of addition, subtraction, and multiplication when performed on rational numbers always result in a rational number.

Division of rational numbers is not closed, as:

7/11 ÷ 0 is not defined

**Commutative Property**

Rational numbers are commutative under addition and multiplication but are not commutative under subtraction and division. Let us take a few examples:

1. 2/3 + 3/5 = 3/5 + 2/3

2. 7/9 - 1/2 ≠ 1/2 - 7/9

3. 2/5 × 1/7 = 1/7 × 2/5

4. 5/4 ÷ 1/9 ≠ 1/9 ÷ 5/4

**Associative Property**

Rational numbers are associative under addition and multiplication but are not associative under subtraction and division. Let us take a few examples:

1. (2/3 + 3/5) + 3/8 = 2/3 + (3/5 + 3/8)

2. (7/9 - 1/2) - 2/5 ≠ 7/9 - (1/2 - 2/5)

3. (2/5 × 1/7) × 5/7 = 2/5 × (1/7 × 5/7)

4. (5/4 ÷ 1/9) ÷ 3/19 ≠ 5/4 ÷ (1/9 ÷ 3/19)

**Identity Property**

1. Rational numbers follow the additive identity as, when any rational number 'a/b' is added to 0, it results in 'a/b'. Therefore, 0 is the additive identity.

2. Rational numbers follow the multiplicative identity as, when any rational number 'a/b' is multiplied by 1, it results in 'a/b'. Therefore, 1 is the multiplicative identity.

**Inverse Property**

1. Rational numbers follow the additive inverse as, when any rational number 'a/b' is added to '-a/b', it results in 0. Therefore, -a/b is an additive inverse.

2. Rational numbers follow the multiplicative inverse as, when any rational number 'a/b' is multiplied to 'b/a', it results in 1. Therefore, b/a is a multiplicative inverse.