# Square Prism Formula

Before learning the square prism formula, let us recall what is a square prism. A square prism is a special type of cuboid having square bases. It has 6 faces, two opposite faces are square in shape while the remaining four are rectangular. These four rectangular faces are called lateral faces. Let us learn about the square prism formula with a few examples in the end.

## What Is Square Prism Formula?

A square prism can be classified into two types. One is the right square prism in which its lateral faces are perpendicular to its base. The other is the oblique square prism in which the lateral faces are not perpendicular to its base. Square prism formulas include the formulas to find its volume and surface area.

### Square Prism Formula:

Surface Area of a square prism = 2a^{2} + 4ah square units

Volume of a square prism = a^{2}h cubic units

where,

- a = side of a square prism
- h = height of the square prism

Let us see the applications of the square prism formulas in the solved examples section below.

## Examples Using Square Prism Formula

**Example 1:** Given a square prism of side 5 cm and height 12 cm, find its surface area and volume using square prism formula.

**Solution:**

To find: Surface area and volume of a square prism.

Given: side of a square prism, a = 5 cm

Height of a square prism, h = 12 cm

Using the square prism formula,

Surface Area of a square prism = 2a^{2} + 4ah square units

= 2(5^{2}) + 4(5)(12)

= 2(25) + 4(60)

= 50 + 240

= 290 cm^{2}

The Volume of a square prism = a^{2}h cubic units

= (5)^{2}(12)

= (25)(12)

= 300 cm^{3}

**Answer:** The Surface area of the square prism is 290 cm^{2} and its volume is 300 cm^{3}.

**Example 2:** The Volume and height of a square prism are 784 inches^{3} and 16 inches respectively. Find its surface area.

**Solution:**

To find: Surface Area of a square prism.

Given:

The volume of a square prism = 784 inches^{3}

Height of a square prism = 16 inches

Using the square prism formula,

Volume of a square prism = a^{2}h cubic units = (a^{2}) × (16)

Comparing with the given data, we get,

784 = (a^{2}) × (16)

a^{2} = 784/16

a^{2 }= 49

a = 49^{2}

a = 7 inches.

Also, surface area of a square prism= 2a^{2} + 4ah square units

= 2 (7^{2}) + 4(7)(16)

= 2(49) + 448

= 98 + 448

= 546 inches^{2}.

**Answer:** The surface area of the square prism is 546 inches^{2}