GCF of 3 and 18
GCF of 3 and 18 is the largest possible number that divides 3 and 18 exactly without any remainder. The factors of 3 and 18 are 1, 3 and 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18 respectively. There are 3 commonly used methods to find the GCF of 3 and 18  prime factorization, Euclidean algorithm, and long division.
1.  GCF of 3 and 18 
2.  List of Methods 
3.  Solved Examples 
4.  FAQs 
What is GCF of 3 and 18?
Answer: GCF of 3 and 18 is 3.
Explanation:
The GCF of two nonzero integers, x(3) and y(18), is the greatest positive integer m(3) that divides both x(3) and y(18) without any remainder.
Methods to Find GCF of 3 and 18
Let's look at the different methods for finding the GCF of 3 and 18.
 Long Division Method
 Prime Factorization Method
 Using Euclid's Algorithm
GCF of 3 and 18 by Long Division
GCF of 3 and 18 is the divisor that we get when the remainder becomes 0 after doing long division repeatedly.
 Step 1: Divide 18 (larger number) by 3 (smaller number).
 Step 2: Since the remainder = 0, the divisor (3) is the GCF of 3 and 18.
The corresponding divisor (3) is the GCF of 3 and 18.
GCF of 3 and 18 by Prime Factorization
Prime factorization of 3 and 18 is (3) and (2 × 3 × 3) respectively. As visible, 3 and 18 have only one common prime factor i.e. 3. Hence, the GCF of 3 and 18 is 3.
GCF of 3 and 18 by Euclidean Algorithm
As per the Euclidean Algorithm, GCF(X, Y) = GCF(Y, X mod Y)
where X > Y and mod is the modulo operator.
Here X = 18 and Y = 3
 GCF(18, 3) = GCF(3, 18 mod 3) = GCF(3, 0)
 GCF(3, 0) = 3 (∵ GCF(X, 0) = X, where X ≠ 0)
Therefore, the value of GCF of 3 and 18 is 3.
☛ Also Check:
 GCF of 21 and 30 = 3
 GCF of 16 and 25 = 1
 GCF of 63 and 84 = 21
 GCF of 36 and 54 = 18
 GCF of 28 and 40 = 4
 GCF of 22 and 44 = 22
 GCF of 14 and 20 = 2
GCF of 3 and 18 Examples

Example 1: Find the GCF of 3 and 18, if their LCM is 18.
Solution:
∵ LCM × GCF = 3 × 18
⇒ GCF(3, 18) = (3 × 18)/18 = 3
Therefore, the greatest common factor of 3 and 18 is 3. 
Example 2: For two numbers, GCF = 3 and LCM = 18. If one number is 18, find the other number.
Solution:
Given: GCF (x, 18) = 3 and LCM (x, 18) = 18
∵ GCF × LCM = 18 × (x)
⇒ x = (GCF × LCM)/18
⇒ x = (3 × 18)/18
⇒ x = 3
Therefore, the other number is 3. 
Example 3: The product of two numbers is 54. If their GCF is 3, what is their LCM?
Solution:
Given: GCF = 3 and product of numbers = 54
∵ LCM × GCF = product of numbers
⇒ LCM = Product/GCF = 54/3
Therefore, the LCM is 18.
FAQs on GCF of 3 and 18
What is the GCF of 3 and 18?
The GCF of 3 and 18 is 3. To calculate the GCF of 3 and 18, we need to factor each number (factors of 3 = 1, 3; factors of 18 = 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18) and choose the greatest factor that exactly divides both 3 and 18, i.e., 3.
What is the Relation Between LCM and GCF of 3, 18?
The following equation can be used to express the relation between LCM (Least Common Multiple) and GCF of 3 and 18, i.e. GCF × LCM = 3 × 18.
What are the Methods to Find GCF of 3 and 18?
There are three commonly used methods to find the GCF of 3 and 18.
 By Prime Factorization
 By Long Division
 By Listing Common Factors
How to Find the GCF of 3 and 18 by Long Division Method?
To find the GCF of 3, 18 using long division method, 18 is divided by 3. The corresponding divisor (3) when remainder equals 0 is taken as GCF.
How to Find the GCF of 3 and 18 by Prime Factorization?
To find the GCF of 3 and 18, we will find the prime factorization of the given numbers, i.e. 3 = 3; 18 = 2 × 3 × 3.
⇒ Since 3 is the only common prime factor of 3 and 18. Hence, GCF (3, 18) = 3.
☛ What are Prime Numbers?
If the GCF of 18 and 3 is 3, Find its LCM.
GCF(18, 3) × LCM(18, 3) = 18 × 3
Since the GCF of 18 and 3 = 3
⇒ 3 × LCM(18, 3) = 54
Therefore, LCM = 18
☛ Greatest Common Factor Calculator
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