The following distribution shows the daily pocket allowance of children of a locality. The mean pocket allowance is Rs18. Find the missing frequency f
We will use Assumed Mean Method to solve this question because the data given is large.
When the numerical values of xᵢ and fᵢ are large, then finding the product of xᵢ and fᵢ becomes tedious. We can change each xᵢ to a smaller number so that our calculations become easy. Now we have to subtract a fixed number from each of these xᵢ.
- The first step is to choose one value among xᵢ as the assumed mean and denote it by ‘ a ’. Also, to further reduce our calculation work, we may take ‘ a ’ to be that xᵢ which lies in the center of x₁, x₂, . . ., xₙ. So, we can choose a.
- The second step is to find the difference ‘ dᵢ ’. That is the difference between a and each of the xᵢ. The deviation of ‘ a ’ from each of the xᵢ. i.e., dᵢ = xᵢ - a
- The third step is to find the product of dᵢ with the corresponding fᵢ. After that take the sum of all the fᵢdᵢ.
Now use the values in the below formula
Mean, (x) = a + Σfᵢdᵢ/ Σfᵢ
We know that, Class mark, xᵢ = (Upper class limit + Lower class limit )/2
Taking assumed mean, a = 18
From the table, we obtain.
Σfᵢ = 44 + f
Σfᵢdᵢ = 2 f - 40
Mean, (x) = a + Σfᵢdᵢ/Σfᵢ
18 = 18 + [(- 40 + 2f)/(44 + f)]
18 - 18 = (2f - 40)/(44 + f)
2f - 40 = 0
f = 20
Thus, for the given problem the missing frequency f is 20.
The following distribution shows the daily pocket allowance of children of a locality. The mean pocket allowance is Rs 18. Find the missing frequency f
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 14 Exercise 14.1 Question 3
The missing frequency f for the given distribution showing the daily pocket allowance of children of a locality mean pocket allowance of Rs 18 is 20.
☛ Related Questions:
- Thirty women were examined in a hospital by a doctor and the number of heartbeats per minute were recorded and summarised as follows. Find the mean heartbeats per minute for these women, choosing a suitable method.
- In a retail market, fruit vendors were selling mangoes kept in packing boxes. These boxes contained varying number of mangoes. The following was the distribution of mangoes according to the number of boxes. Find the mean number of mangoes kept in a packing box. Which method of finding the mean did you choose?
- The table below shows the daily expenditure on food of 25 households in a locality. Find the mean daily expenditure on food by a suitable method.
- To find out the concentration of SO2 in the air (in parts per million, i.e., ppm), the data was collected for 30 localities in a certain city and is presented below: Find the mean concentration of SO2 in the air.