# Perpendicular Bisector of a Chord

Perpendicular Bisector of a Chord

Theorem: The perpendicular bisector of any chord of a circle will pass through the center of the circle.

This is an extremely fundamental and widely used result on circles. Consider a chord AB of a circle with center O, as shown below. Let C be the mid-point of AB: Proof: If we are able to prove that OC is perpendicular to AB, then we will be done, as then OC will be the perpendicular bisector of AB. Compare triangles OAC and OBC:

1. OA = OB (radii of the same circle)

2. OC = OC (common)

3. AC = BC (C is the mid-point of AB)

Thus, by the SSS criterion, $$\Delta OAC$$ ≡$$\Delta OBC$$ . This means that:

$$\angle ACO{\rm{ }} = \angle BCO{\rm{ }} = {\rm{ }}\raise.5ex\hbox{1}\kern-.1em/\kern-.15em\lower.25ex\hbox{2} {\rm{ }} \times {\rm{ }}{180^0} = {\rm{ }}{90^0}$$

This theorem leads us to a simple corollary, which is discussed next.

Circles
grade 9 | Questions Set 2
Circles
grade 9 | Questions Set 1
Circles
Circles
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Numbers
Algebra
Geometry
Measurement
Money
Data
Trigonometry
Calculus