# Kindergarten Maths

Kindergarten maths is essential for analytical skill development. It promotes both computational and logical skills. It mainly emphasizes on skills related to recognizing shapes, comparing sizes, counting objects, and identifying money. Some of these topics also form an essential part of life skills that are necessary for the overall growth of children. These concepts increase the mental abilities of children so that they are able to visualize and use the subject in real-life situations. Thus, promoting mathematical interest in children at this stage is highly beneficial for later educational progress. This page covers the Kindergarten Maths syllabus. So, let us learn more about the Kg class Maths syllabus in this article.

## Kindergarten Maths Syllabus

Although at this level, there is no standard syllabus, many pre-primary schools and centers follow these essential topics. The Maths for Lkg includes some basic topics that are required at this level when students start learning about the subject by relating it to their surroundings.

### Lkg Maths Syllabus - Maths for Lkg

- Read and count, Oral counting 0 - 50
- Writing numbers from 0 to 30 in the H-T-O format
- Write in words 1 to 10
- Finding a missing number in a given number sequence up to 10
- Matching with quantities - Activity in class, Live demo, worksheets, board work
- Count and write - Counting up to 5, Counting dots, Counting shapes, Counting objects, Counting upto 5 on ten frames, Showing numbers upto 5 on ten frames, Representing numbers upto 5.
- Count and write - Memorizing counting up to 10, counting dots, shapes, objects, Counting numbers on ten frames, representing numbers upto 10 on ten frames.
- Match the figures - Activity in class, Live demo, worksheets, board work
- Count and tick/circle/colour the correct numbers
- Joining dots/missing numbers
- Different shapes - Circle, Square, Rectangle, Triangle, Semi-Circle, Oval
- Complete the patterns (Numbers and pictures)
- Classifying - Similar, Different, Classifying shapes based on color, type and sizes.
- Size - Determining size of something as long, short, heavy, narrow and wide.
- Money - Values of coins, Counting one-rupee coins

### Ukg Maths Syllabus - Maths for Ukg

The Maths for Ukg includes similar topics that were studied in Lkg but now they are studied at an advanced level. The Ukg Maths syllabus is compiled and listed according to various schools because there is no standard syllabus. However, the following topics are essentially covered in the Maths for Ukg.

- Numbers revision
- Forward counting
- Backward counting
- Skip counting
- Number names
- Count and write
- What comes after?
- What comes before?
- What comes between?
- The smallest and largest numbers
- Comparing numbers (Greater than/Less than, Equal to)
- Ascending order
- Descending order
- Place value
- Tens and ones
- Expanded form
- Addition
- Subtraction
- Addition of two digits
- Comparing - Comparing collection of objects based on fewer or more, comparing by count, Comparing objects in a mixed group.
- Positions - Determining the position of objects( Inside or outside), middle, bottom, above, below, left, right, left, middle, right, top, bottom, beside and next to. What comes 'after' and 'between'.
- Money - Counting coins and currency notes
- Telling time
- Shapes - Identification, matching and colouring (Circle, Square, Rectangle, Triangle, Semi-Circle, Oval, Cube, Cuboid, Sphere, Star)
- Calendar - Days of the week, Months of the year

## Develop Kindergarten Maths Skills

A few important topics under kindergarten maths include number sense, recognition of shapes, colors, patterns and more. The following points suggest some ways to help develop maths skills in your child.

**Shape Recognition**

Help your child to recognize shapes and identify them in their surroundings, like cookies, slices of cakes, pizza, the roof of a house, doors, windows, paper money and so on.

As we introduce kids to different shapes it is also important to describe the properties of each shape that they spot, for example, explaining to them about the number of sides in each shape will enable them to easily differentiate between them.

**Sequencing**

Help your child understand the sequencing concept of first, next and last with the help of story pictures. This will enable kids to recognize and learn mathematical procedures and number sequences.

Incorporating fun activities like making a sandwich or snowman by following steps will develop the innate ability of children to memorize a sequence of steps. These are some simple ways in which children can learn to describe the sequence of events.

**Units of Time**

Build a basic understanding of time in units like hours, minutes and seconds. Apply a timer in routine activities such as screen time, playground time, study time and so on. It will help children to get well-versed with the concept of time and duration units. For example, when a child completes a task or refuses to leave the playground, tell them that they have five more minutes to finish their work or play. This way they will begin to develop a sense of time.

## Kindergarten Maths Tips and Tricks

**Combine Primary Math Concepts into Routine Activities.**

Encourage your child to count things regularly and give them some easy counting challenges, like counting the number of steps on a staircase or the number of white cars you see while driving.

**Solve Logical Puzzles**

Solving mathematical puzzles is an excellent way to promote important visualization skills in children. These puzzles help improve the sense of recognizing the difference and similarities in shapes, patterns, sizes, positions, and colors.

**Apply Math in Everyday Life**

One of the best ways for kids to memorize new math concepts is to visualize them in their everyday life. Encourage children to arrange some of their favorite toys for a party and distribute snacks among them. Help them to add all the snacks distributed and count the total. Let them estimate and tell how many more snacks they need if one more toy joins the party. Then ask to keep adding more toys and let them count the total number of snacks needed. This is an interesting method that will add a fun element to the activity and help them understand the concept of ‘addition’.

## FAQs on Kindergarten Maths

### How to Teach Maths in Kindergarten?

Kindergarten maths can be taught to students with the help of interesting techniques so as to keep them engaged with the topic and subject. For example, grouping them, counting real-life objects, sorting different objects as per their size or weight. They can be asked to distinguish between small and big, above and below, left and right, and so on.

### How to Teach Maths for Ukg?

Ukg students can be taught Maths keeping the following points in mind.

- Empathize with them and understand their perspective to understand where they need attention.
- Develop a conversation with the student and keep using encouraging words for even small milestones.
- Involve yourself with the student and create games related to the topic to maintain the interest of the child in it.

### What is the Ukg Maths Syllabus?

The Ukg Maths syllabus focuses on a deeper understanding of the concepts that was studied in Lkg. The topics are covered keeping in mind theory of 'learning outside the classroom' so that the students are able to relate the questions to their day-to-day life. A detailed list of the topics of Maths for Ukg is given above on this page for reference.

### What is the Lkg Maths Syllabus?

The Lkg Maths syllabus includes the following topics:

- Read and count, Oral counting 0 - 50
- Writing numbers from 0 to 30 in the H-T-O format
- Write in words 1 to 10
- Finding a missing number in a given number sequence up to 10
- Matching with quantities - Activity in class, Live demo, worksheets, board work
- Count and write - Counting up to 5, Counting dots, Counting shapes, Counting objects, Counting upto 5 on ten frames, Showing numbers upto 5 on ten frames, Representing numbers upto 5.
- Count and write - Memorizing counting up to 10, counting dots, shapes, objects, Counting numbers on ten frames, representing numbers upto 10 on ten frames.
- Match the figures - Activity in class, Live demo, worksheets, board work
- Count and tick/circle/colour the correct numbers
- Joining dots/missing numbers
- Different shapes - Circle, Square, Rectangle, Triangle, Semi-Circle, Oval
- Complete the patterns (Numbers and pictures)
- Classifying - Similar, Different, Classifying shapes based on color, type and sizes.
- Size - Determining size of something as long, short, heavy, narrow and wide.
- Money - Values of coins, Counting one-rupee coins

visual curriculum