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# ABC is an equilateral triangle of side 2a. Find each of its altitudes

**Solution:**

We know that in an equilateral triangle, the perpendicular drawn from its vertex to the opposite side bisects the opposite side.

Let us analyze using the figure shown below.

We know that, in a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the square of the other two sides.

In the equilateral ΔABC, we see that AB = BC = CA = 2a [From the figure shown above]

AD ⊥ BC [Construction]

⇒ BD = CD = 1/2 BC = a [Since the perpendicular drawn from a vertex to the opposite side bisects the opposite side in an equilateral triangle]

In ΔADB, using pythagoras theorem,

AB^{2} = AD^{2} + BD^{2}

AD^{2} = AB^{2} - BD^{2}

AD^{2 }= (2a)^{2} - a^{2}

AD^{2 }= 4a^{2} - a^{2}

AD^{2 }= 3a^{2}

AD = 3a

⇒ AD = √3a units

Similarly, we can prove that, BE = CF = √3a units

**☛ Check: **NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6

**Video Solution:**

## ABC is an equilateral triangle of side 2a. Find each of its altitudes

NCERT Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 6 Exercise 6.5 Question 6

**Summary:**

If ABC is an equilateral triangle of side 2a, then each of its altitudes are AD = BE = CF = √3a units.

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