The addition is a process of adding two or more items together. In math, addition is the method of calculating the total of two or more numbers to know the sum of the numbers. It is a primary arithmetic operation. We use addition more often in real life. One of the most common everyday uses for addition is while we work with money or calculating our grocery bills.
|1.||What is Addition?|
|3.||How to Solve Addition Problems?|
|4.||Addition Using Number Line|
|6.||Real Life Addition Word Problems|
|7.||FAQs on Addition|
What is Addition?
The addition is an operation used in math to add numbers. The obtained result or answer after addition is known as a sum. For example, if we add 2 and 3, (2 + 3) we get the sum as 5. Here we performed the addition operation on two numbers 2 and 3 to get the sum i.e. 5.
Addition Symbol (+)
In mathematics, we have different symbols. The addition symbol is one of the majorly used math symbols we use while performing addition. In the above definition of addition, we read about adding two numbers 2 and 3. If we observe the pattern of addition (2 + 3 = 5) the symbol (+) is connecting the two numbers and completes the given expression. An addition symbol is consists of one horizontal line and one vertical line. The addition symbol is also known as the addition sign or plus sign.
The addition formula we used to write any addition fact is addend + addend = sum. While performing addition we use some terms which are:
- Addends: Numbers on which addition operation is to be performed.
- Sum: Final answer of the addition.
- Symbols: We use two symbols while performing addition, one is a plus sign (+) and the other one is 'equal to' sign (=)
There can be multiple addends in an addition fact. The basic addition formula or the mathematical equation of addition can be explained as:
Here, 5 and 3 are addends and 8 is a sum.
How to Solve Addition Problems?
While solving addition problems, one-digit numbers can be added in a simple way, but for larger numbers, we split the numbers into columns using their respective place values, like ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, and so on. We always start doing addition from the right side as per the place value system. While solving such problems we may encounter some cases having carryover and some without carryover. Let us understand the two processes with help of examples.
Addition Without Regrouping
The addition that involves the sum of digits less than or equals to 9 at each place value is called addition without regrouping. Let us understand how to add two or more numbers without regrouping with the help of an example.
Example: Help James in adding 11234 and 21123
Solution: Follow the given steps and try to relate them with the image given below the steps.
Step 1: Start with ones place digits. (4 + 3 = 7)
Step 2: Move to tens place digits. (3 + 2 = 5)
Step 3: Now add the digit of hundreds place. (2 + 1 = 3)
Step 4: Now add digits of thousands place. (1 + 1 = 2)
Step 5: Lastly add digits of ten thousands place. (1 + 2 = 3)
Step 6: 11234 + 21123 = 32357.
In addition without regrouping, we simply add digits at each place value and write the respective sum to get the answer.
Addition With Regrouping
The addition that involves the sum of digits greater than 9 at any of the place values is called addition with regrouping. To add two numbers with regrouping, we find the sum of the digits and then write only the unit place digit in the respective column, while taking the tens place digit with the column to the immediate left. Let us understand how to add two or more numbers by regrouping with the help of an example.
Example: Help Jack in adding 3475 and 2865
Solution: Follow the given steps and try to relate them with the image given below the steps.
Step 1: Start with ones place digits.
= 5 + 5 = 10.
Here the sum is 10. The tens digit of a sum (i.e., 1) will be carried to the tens place.
Step 2: Add tens place digits along with the carryover 1.
= 1(carry) + 7 + 6 = 14.
Here the sum is 14. The tens digit of a sum (i.e., 1) will be carried to the hundreds place.
Step 3: Now add the digit of hundreds place along with the carryover digit 1.
= 1(carry) + 4 + 8 = 13.
Here the sum is 13. The tens digit of a sum (i.e., 1) will be carried to the thousands place.
Step 4: Now add digits of thousands place along with the carryover digit 1.
= 1(carry) + 3 + 2 = 6
Step 5: 3475 + 2865 = 6340
Note: There is an important property of addition which states that changing the order of numbers does not change the answer. For example, if we reverse the addends of the above illustration we will get the same sum as a result (2865 + 3475 = 6340).
Addition Using Number Line
Another way to add numbers is with the help of number lines. Let us understand the addition using the number line with the help of an example. If we need to solve 10 + 3 we start by marking the number 10 on the number line. When we add using a number line, we count by moving one number at a time to the right of the number. Since we are adding 10 and 3, we will move 3 steps to the right. This brings us to 13. Hence, 10 + 3 = 13.
While performing addition we commonly use four basic properties listed below:
- Closure Property: While doing an addition of two or more numbers a resultant sum is always a whole number. For example, 5 + 3 = 8
- Commutative Property; The sum of two or more addends will be the same irrespective of the order of the addends. For example, 8 + 7 = 7 + 8 = 15
- Associative Property: The sum of three or more addends will be the same irrespective of the grouping or order of the addends. For example, (5 + 7) + 3 = (5 + 3) + 7
- Additive Identity Property: If we add 0 to any number, the sum remains the actual number. The addition of the whole number 0 to any other number does not change the value of the sum. For example, 0 + 7 = 7.
Real Life Addition Word Problems
The concept of the addition operation is used in our day-to-day activities. We should carefully observe the situation and identify the solution using the tips and tricks that follows addition. Let us understand the theory behind the real life addition word problems with the help of an interesting example.
Example: A soccer match had 4535 spectators in the first row and 2332 spectators in the second row. Using addition theory find the total number of spectators present in the match.
The number of spectators in the first row = 4535
The number of spectators in the second row = 2332
Here 4535 and 2332 are addends. Let us apply the place value theory we read in the above section to find the total number of spectators.
Step 1: Adding ones place digits. (5 + 2 = 7)
Step 2: Adding tens place digits. (3 + 3 = 6)
Step 3: Adding the digits of hundreds place. (5 + 3 = 8)
Step 4: Now add digits of thousands place. (4 + 2 = 6)
Step 5: 4535 + 2332 = 6867.
Therefore, the total number of spectators present in the match = 6867.
Below are a few tips and tricks that you can follow while performing addition in your everyday life.
Tips and Tricks on Addition
- Words like 'put together, 'in all', 'altogether', 'total' give a clue that you need to add the given numbers.
- Start with the larger number and add the smaller number to it. For example, adding 12 to 43 is easier than adding 43 to 12.
- Break numbers according to their place values to make addition easier. For example, 22 + 64 can be split as 20 + 2 + 60 + 4. While this looks difficult, it makes mental addition easier.
- When adding different digit numbers, make sure to place the numbers one below the other in the correct column of their place value
- Adding zero to any number gives the number itself.
- When 1 is added to any number, the sum is the successor of that number.
- The sign used to denote an addition is '+'.
- The order in which you add a group of numbers doesn't matter, the answer is the same. For example, 2 + 5 + 3= 10; and 5 + 3 + 2= 10. It is called the associative property of addition.
☛Topics Related to Addition
Check out these interesting articles to know about addition and its related topics.
Example 1: 8 bees set off to suck nectar from the flowers. Soon 7 more joined them. Use addition to find the total number of bees there were in all who went together to suck nectar?
Number of bees who set off to suck nectar = 8
Number of bees who joined them = 7
Therefore, on performing addition, the total number of bees who went together were: 8 + 7= 15.
Example 2: Using addition tricks, solve the following addition word problem.
Jerry collected 89 seashells, Eva collected 54 shells. How many seashells did they collect in all?
Number of shells collected by Jerry = 89
Number of shells collected by Eva = 54
Therefore, the total number of sea shells collected by both of them = 89 + 54 = 143
Example 3: During an annual Easter egg hunt, the participants found 2403 eggs in the clubhouse, 50 easter eggs in the park, and 12 easter eggs in the town hall. Can you try to find out how many eggs were found in that day's hunt using the addition theory?
Number of easter eggs found in the Clubhouse = 2403
Number of easter eggs found in the park = 50
Number of easter eggs found in the Town Hall = 12
We write the numbers into columns according to their place values of ones, tens, hundreds, thousands and then add them:
Th H T O
2 4 0 3
+ 5 0
+ 1 2
2 4 6 5
Therefore, the total number of eggs found in that day's hunt is 2465.
FAQs on Addition
What is Addition in Math?
The addition is a process of adding two or more objects together. Addition in math is a primary arithmetic operation, used for calculating the total of two or more numbers. For example, 7 + 7 = 14.
Where do We Use Addition?
We use addition in our everyday situations. For example, if you want to know how much money you spent on the items you bought, or you want to calculate the time you will take to finish a task, or you want to know the number of ingredients used in cooking something, you need to perform addition operation.
What are the Types of Addition?
The types of addition mean the various methods used in addition. For example, vertical addition, addition using number charts, the addition of small numbers using your fingers, addition using number line, etc.
What are Addition Strategies?
Addition strategies are the different ways in which addition can be learned. For example, using a number line, with the help of a place value chart, separating the tens and ones and then adding them separately, and many others.
What are the Real-Life Examples of Addition?
Suppose you have 5 apples, and your friend gave you 3 more, after adding 5 + 3, we get 8. So, you have 8 apples altogether. Similarly, suppose there are 16 girls and 13 boys in a class, if we add the numbers 16 + 13, we get total number of students in the class, which is 29. These are two of the real-life addition examples. There are an infinite number of examples that you can think of related to addition.
What Are the Four Basic Properties of Addition?
The four basic properties of addition are, closure property, commutative property of addition, associative property of addition, and additive identity property. Each property has its individual significance based on addition.
What are the Three Parts of Addition?
The 3 parts of addition are the addends, the two signs (plus sign and equal to sign), and the sum.
- The Addend: In addition, the numbers or terms being added together are known as addends.
- The 'equal to' sign and plus sign: While performing addition, we use two symbols one is a plus sign (+) other is equal to sign (=).
- The Sum: The final result obtained after performing addition is known as the sum.