Which of the Following Numbers are Prime: (a) 23 (b) 51 (c) 37 (d) 26


Question:  Which of the following numbers are prime:

(a) 23      (b) 51      (c) 37      (d) 26

Prime numbers are the numbers that have only two factors, that are, 1 and the number itself

Answer: The following numbers are prime: (a) 23       (b) 37

Test to check if a number is prime or not:

Explanation:

Let p be any prime number and n be a natural number such that n2 is greater than or equal to p.

If p is divisible with any prime numbers less than or equal to n, then p is not prime otherwise, p is prime

(a) 52 is 25 that is greater than 23

The prime numbers less than or equal to 5 are 2, 3, and 5

23 is not divisible by any of these numbers.

So, 23 is a prime number.

(b) 82 is 64 that is greater than 51

The prime numbers less than 8 are 2, 3, 5, and 7

51 is divisible by 3

So, 51 is not a prime number.

(c) 72 is 49 that is greater than 37

The prime numbers less than or equal to 7 are 2, 3, 5, and 7

37 is not divisible by any of these numbers.

So, 37 is a prime number.

(d) 62 is 36 that is greater than 26

The prime numbers less than 6 are 2, 3, and 5

26  is divisible by 2

So, 26 is not a prime number.

Hence, the prime numbers are (a) 23        (b) 37