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X and Y Graph
x and y graph also known as the x and yaxis are two important lines that make a graph. A graph consists of a horizontal axis and a vertical axis where data can be represented. A point can be described in a horizontal way or a vertical way, which can be easily understood using a graph. These horizontal and vertical lines or axis in a graph are the xaxis and yaxis respectively. Let us learn more about the x and y graph in math, the table, the charts, and solve a few examples to understand the concept better.
1.  Definition of X and Y Graph 
2.  Difference Between X and YAxis Graph 
3.  Graph an Equation on X and Y Graph 
4.  Equation of YAxis 
5.  Equation of XAxis 
6.  FAQs on X and Y Graph 
Definition of X and Y Graph
A x and y graph can be defined by the two axes i.e. xaxis and the yaxis that form a coordinate plane for a graph. The horizontal axis is represented by the xaxis and the vertical axis is represented by the yaxis. The point where the x and yaxis intersect is known as the origin and is used as the reference point for the plane. The image below represents the coordinate plane with both axes.
The xaxis on the graph is also known as abscissa. The yaxis on the graph is also known as ordinate. Any point on the coordinate plane is well defined by an ordered pair where the ordered pair is written as (xcoordinate,ycoordinate) or (x,y), where xcoordinate represents a point on the xaxis or perpendicular distance from the yaxis and ycoordinate represents a point on the yaxis or perpendicular distance from the xaxis. An x and y graph has 4 quadrants i.e. each perpendicular line is one quadrant. The image below describes the x and y graph with both positive and negative coordinates.
For example: The population of a city from 2015 to 2020 is given in the X and Y graph table as:
Years  2015  2016  2017  2018  2019  2020 
People in Millions  1  1.5  2  2.5  3  3.5 
To locate any point on the coordinate plane, we use an ordered pair where the ordered pair is written as (xcoordinate,ycoordinate) or (x, y), where xcoordinate represents a point on the xaxis or perpendicular distance from the yaxis and ycoordinate represents a point on the yaxis or perpendicular distance from the xaxis, therefore it is clear from above that xaxis comes first when writing the ordered pair to locate a point. We can see here that the location of each point on the graph is noted as an ordered pair where the xaxis or xcoordinate leads the yaxis or ycoordinate. Then to represent these points on the x and y chart, using years on the xaxis and the corresponding population on the yaxis as:
Difference Between X and YAxis Graph
The x and y graph consists of the xaxis and yaxis that form the coordinate plane of a graph where numbers are represented for comparison or even forming linear equations. There are many differences between the xaxis and yaxis even though it shares the same origin point. Let us see the differences:
xaxis of a graph  yaxis of a graph 
It is a horizontal plane of a graph in a cartesian coordinate system that gives a numerical value at each point.  It is a vertical plane of a graph in a cartesian coordinate system that gives a numerical value at each point. 
The xaxis is called abscissa.  The yaxis is called ordinate. 
The variables on the xaxis represent the cause of the data.  The variables on the yaxis represent the effect of the cause of the data. 
The numbers placed on the xaxis are called xcoordinates.  The numbers placed on the yaxis are called ycoordinates. 
The xaxis is a horizontal line with 0 as the origin, positive numbers on the right, and negative numbers on the left.  The yaxis is drawn vertically from bottom to top with the same origin as the xaxis with positive numbers on top and negative numbers at the bottom. 
The coordinates referring to the xaxis are written as (x, y).  The coordinates referring to the yaxis are written as (y, x). 
Graph an Equation on X and Y Graph
On the x and y graph, a linear equation can be graphed showing the coordinates of both the xaxis and yaxis. In geometry, a linear equation can be graphed by using the x and y graph and it is represented as a straight line. Let us look at an example to understand this better:
Let's consider a linear equation y = 2x + 1. Now to graph this equation construct a table having two columns for values of x and y. Let us choose some values for the variable x and find the corresponding values for y. If x = 1, then y = 2 × 1 + 1 = 3. If x = 2, then y = 2 × 2 + 1 = 5 and son on. Here we are taking the values of just three points starting from 0. To draw the x and yaxis coordinate graph of the linear equation, we need to draw the x and yaxis grid table for at least two points.
x  y 
0  1 
1  3 
2  5 
Now draw the points on the graph where the values of x lie on xaxis and the corresponding values of y lie on yaxis. Then join the points with a straight line to draw the graph of the equation.
Equation of YAxis
Yaxis is the line where the values of xcoordinate are zero for all the values of y. Then the data points for the yaxis are: (0, 1), (0, 0.5), (0, 1), (0, 1.5). Therefore the equation of the yaxis is x = 0 and its graph on the x and y graph chart is shown below. If we substitute the value of x as 0 in the general equation y = mx + c, we can find the coordinates for y.
Equation of Xaxis
Xaxis is the line where the values of ycoordinate are zero for all the values of x. Then the data points for the xaxis are: (1,0), (1.5, 0) Therefore the equation of the xaxis is y = 0, and its graph on the x and y graph chart is shown below. If we substitute the value of y as 0 in the general equation y = mx + c, we can find the coordinates for x.
Related Topics
Listed below are a few interesting topics that are related to the x and y graph, take a look.
Examples on X and Y Graph

Example 1: Daniel is given an x and yaxis math problem by his teacher, where he has to plot the points (3,2) and (2,3) on a graph and draw a line passing through these points. Can you determine the point where it meets x axis?
Solution: The points can be plotted on the graph as shown.
Therefore, the line meets the xaxis at the point (5,0).

Example 2: Plot the points (0,2), (0,4.5), and (0,3) on a coordinate system. Do all the points lie on a line? Can you name the line?
Solution: The points on the graph are shown below.
Clearly, the points lie on a line on the yaxis.

Example 3: How many quadrants does a x and y graph contain? And which quadrant does ( 3, 5) lie in?
Solution: An x and y graph contains 4 quadrants.
The points (3, 5) lie in the 3rd quadrant as seen in the above image.
FAQs on X and Y Graph
What is X and Y Graph?
The x and y graph is a visual representation of data that is shown in a graph with the xaxis and yaxis that form the coordinate planes. The xaxis on the graph is also known as abscissa whereas the yaxis is known as ordinate. Any point on the coordinate plane is well defined by an ordered pair where the ordered pair is written as (xcoordinate,ycoordinate) or (x,y), where xcoordinate represents a point on the xaxis or perpendicular distance from the yaxis and ycoordinate represents a point on the yaxis or perpendicular distance from the xaxis. An x and y graph has 4 quadrants.
How Do I Graph an Equation on X and Y Graph?
To graph an equation, first, construct a table having two columns for values of x and y by substituting the values of x and y in the equation starting from 0. Then draw the points on the graph where the values of x lie on the xaxis and the corresponding values of y lie on the yaxis. Then join the points to draw the graph of the equation. Usually, it is a straight line that is either diagonal, vertical or horizontal while plotting a linear equation.
Which Point is on the Negative Yaxis on an X and Y Graph?
The point which has a negative value of its ycoordinate is on the negative yaxis. Since the y axis is the vertical line that starts from the bottom to the top, the negative numbers lie in the bottom area of the area and cover the 3rd and 4th quadrants of the graph.
Which is Xaxis and Which is the Yaxis in an X and Y Graph?
The horizontal axis is known as the xaxis and the vertical axis is known as the yaxis. The origin 0 is the common factor for both axes. The xaxis showcases the cause of the data while the yaxis showcases the effect of the data. For example, while showing temperature in New York, the xaxis shows the weeks and the yaxis will show the temperature. Every point on both the axes will show the preceding value starting from 0.
How Do You Plot a Graph with the X and Yaxis?
At first, we draw and label the x and yaxis. Then we plot the coordinates of the function at various values of the x and ycoordinates. Then we connect the coordinates and plot the graph of a function.
What Are the Names of the Xaxis and Yaxis on the X and Y Graph?
The vertical axis i.e. the yaxis is known as the abscissaaxis. And the xaxis is known as the ordinateaxis.
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