**Table of Contents**

We at Cuemath believe that Math is a life skill. Our Math Experts focus on the “Why” behind the “What.” Students can explore from a huge range of interactive worksheets, visuals, simulations, practice tests, and more to understand a concept in depth.

**Book a FREE trial class today!** and experience Cuemath’s LIVE Online Class with your child.

**Linear Equation: Definition**

**Understanding Linear Equation**

Appu created a game called "Mind Reader".

He wants to play it with his friends.

He asks one of his friends, Kaira, to think of a number, multiply it by 2 and subtract 5 from it.

He asks her the final result.

Kaira says, "it is 13"

Appu instantly says that the number Kaira thought of initially was 9

Kaira nods and Appu's friends including Kaira are surprised!

Everybody wants to know how the game "Mind Reader" works.

Do you know how it works?

By the end of this short lesson, you will understand how it works.

**Li****ne**ar Equation: Formula

**ne**ar Equation: Formula

\(Ax+By=C\) |

**Linear Equation: Examples**

A linear equation can be written in different ways.

Look at the following equations.

Equations | Linear or Non-Linear | |
---|---|---|

1. | \(y=8x-9\) | Linear |

2. | \(y=x^2-7\) | Non-Linear |

3. | \(\frac{x}{5}=4\) | Linear |

4. | \(\sqrt{y}+x=6\) | Non-Linear |

5. | \(y+3x-1=0\) | Linear |

6. | \(y^3-x=9\) | Non-Linear |

**Linear Equations on Graph**

The graph of a linear equation in one variable \(x\) forms a vertical line parallel to \(y\)-axis and vice-versa.

The graph of a linear equation in two variables \(x\) and \(y\) forms a straight line.

The reason an equation of degree one is called a linear equation is that its geometrical representation is a straight line.

Explore the graphs of linear equations using the simulation below.

**How to Solve Linear Equations?**

An equation is like a weighing balance with equal weights on both sides.

If we add or subtract the same number from both sides of an equation, it still holds.

Similarly, if we multiply or divide the same number on both sides of an equation, it still holds.

Consider the equation, \(3x-2=4\)

We will perform mathematical operations on the LHS and the RHS so that the balance is not disturbed.

Let's add 2 on both sides to reduce the LHS to \(3x\)

This will not disturb the balance.

The new LHS is \(3x-2+2=3x\) and the new RHS is \(4+2=6\)

Now let's divide both sides by 3 to reduce the LHS to \(x\)

Thus, we have \(x=2\)

1. |
Solve the riddle: |

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**Linear Equation: Problems and Solutions**

Example 1 |

A one-day International cricket match was organised in Nagpur.

India and Sri Lanka were the two teams.

Two Indian batsmen together scored 189 runs.

Can you express this information in the form of a linear equation?

**Solution:**

Let us use the variables \(x\) and \(y\) to denote the number of runs scored by each batsmen.

We know that they scored 189 runs together.

Thus, the total of \(x\) and \(y\) is 189

\(\therefore x+y=189\) |

Example 2 |

Bansi loves to collect two-rupee and five-rupee coins in her piggy bank.

She knows that the total sum in her piggy bank is Rs. 77 and it has 3 times as many two-rupee coins as five-rupee coins in it.

She wants to know the exact number of two-rupee coins and five-rupee coins in her piggy bank.

Can you help her find the count?

**Solution:**

Let the number of five-rupee coins be \(x\).

The number of two-rupee coins will be \(3x\)

Total amount = \((5\times x)+(2 \times 3x)\)

According to the information we have,

\[\begin{align}(5\times x)+(2 \times 3x)&=77\\5x+6x&=77\\11x&=77\\x&=7\end{align}\]

\(\therefore\) She has 7 five-rupee & 21 two-rupee coins |

**Linear Equation: Calculator**

Try solving linear equations in one variable in the simulation below.

- The values of the variable that makes a linear equation true are called the solution or root of the linear equation.
- The solution of a linear equation is unaffected if the same number is added, subtracted, multiplied or divided on both sides of the equation.
- The graph of a linear equation in one or two variables is a straight line.

**CLUEless** in Math? Check out how **CUEMATH** Teachers will explain **Linear equations** to your kid using interactive simulations & worksheets so they never have to memorise anything in Math again!

Explore Cuemath Live, Interactive & Personalised Online Classes to make your kid a Math Expert. **Book a FREE trial class today!**

**Practice Questions**

**Here are few activities for you to practice. Select/Type your answer and click the "Check Answer" button to see the result.**

**Maths Olympiad Sample Papers**

IMO (International Maths Olympiad) is a competitive exam in Mathematics conducted annually for school students. It encourages children to develop their math solving skills from a competition perspective.

You can download the FREE grade-wise sample papers from below:

- IMO Sample Paper Class 1
- IMO Sample Paper Class 2
- IMO Sample Paper Class 3
- IMO Sample Paper Class 4
- IMO Sample Paper Class 5
- IMO Sample Paper Class 6
- IMO Sample Paper Class 7
- IMO Sample Paper Class 8
- IMO Sample Paper Class 9
- IMO Sample Paper Class 10

To know more about the Maths Olympiad you can **click here**

**Important Topics**

However, before you dive into the deep end of the pool, it’s best to familiarize yourself with the basics. Check out the links below to find out everything that Cuemath has to offer on the topic of Linear and Quadratic equations. Below topics cover both concepts and worksheets:

**Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)**

## 1. What is a linear equation? Explain with an example.

An equation of the form \(ax+by=c\) is called a linear equation. Here, \(x\) and \(y\) are variables and \(a,b\) and \(c\) are constants.

Examples of linear equation are:

- \(y=4x-3\)
- \(7y-5x=1\)
- \(y=2\)

## 2. What is the formula for a linear equation?

The standard form of a linear equation in one variable is of the form \(ax+b=0\)

Here, \(x\) is a variable and \(a\) and \(b\) are constants.

The standard form of a linear equation in two variables is of the form \(ax+by=c\)

Here, \(x\) and \(y\) are variables and \(a, b\) and \(c\) are constants.

## 3. What is a simple definition of a linear equation?

An equation that can be written in the form \(ax+by=c\) is called a linear equation.

This is the standard form of a linear equation in two variables \(x\) and \(y\)