# Point-Slope Form

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 1 Introduction to Point-Slope Form 2 Definition of Point-Slope Form 3 Equation of Point-Slope Formula 4 Examples of Point-Slope Formula 5 Point-Slope Formula Calculator 6 Important Notes on Point-Slope Form 7 Solved Examples on Point-Slope Form 8 Thinking Out of the Box! 9 Practice Questions on Point-Slope Form 10 Maths Olympiad Sample Papers 11 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 12 FREE Worksheets on Point-Slope Form

## Introduction to Point-Slope Form

A line has an infinite number of points on it.

The equation of a line is an equation that is satisfied by each and every point on the line.

A linear equation in two variables represents a line.

The standard form of the equation of a line is: The equation of a line can be found through various methods depending on the available information.

Some of the methods are:

• Point-slope form
• Slope-intercept form
• Intercept form
• Two-point form

We will study about the point-slope form in this section.

## Definition of Point-Slope Form

The formula of point-slope is used to find the equation of a line.

This formula is used only when we know the slope of the line and a point on the line.

## Equation of Point-Slope Formula

The equation of a line whose slope is $$m$$ and which passes through a point $$(x_1, y_1$$) is found using the point-slope formula.

The equation of the point-slope formula is:

 $${y-y_1=m(x-x_1)}$$

where $$(x, y)$$ is a random point on the line. ### Proof of Point-Slope Formula

Let us consider a line whose slope is $$m$$.

Let us assume that $$(x_1, y_1$$) is a known point on the line.

Let $$(x,y)$$ be any other random point on the line whose coordinates are not known. We know that the slope of a line is calculated using the formula:

\begin{aligned}\text{Slope }&= \dfrac{ \text{Difference in y-coordinates}}{ \text{Difference in x-coordinates}}\\[0.2cm]m&= \dfrac{y-y_1}{x-x_1} \end{aligned}

Multiplying both sides by $$(x-x_1)$$,

$m(x-x_1) = y-y_1$

This can be written as,

$y-y_1=m(x-x_1)$

Hence the point-slope formula is proved.

## Examples of Point-Slope Formula

Some examples of the point-slope formula are shown here.

1. The equation of a line with slope $$-1$$ and a point $$(1, 2$$) is found using: $y-2=-1(x-1)$
2. The equation of a line with slope $$\dfrac{3}{2}$$ and a point $$\left( \dfrac{-1}{2}, \dfrac{2}{3} \right)$$ is found using: $y- \dfrac{2}{3}= \dfrac{3}{2} \left(x- \left(- \dfrac{1}{2} \right) \right)$
3. The equation of a line with slope $$0$$ and a point $$(3, -2$$) is found using: $y-(-2) =0(x-3)$

In each of these cases, we can simplify the equation further and get it to the form $$y=mx+b$$.

## Point-Slope Formula Calculator

Here is the point-slope formula calculator.

Here, you can find the point-slope form of a line by changing the values of $$m, x_1$$ and $$y_1$$.

Also, you can see how the graph changes accordingly.

 Example 4

Find the equation of a line that passes through two points $$(1, 3)$$ and $$(-2, 4)$$ using the point-slope form and express the answer in the standard form.

Solution:

The given two points are:

\begin{aligned} (x_1, y_1)&=(1,3)\\[0.2cm] (x_2,y_2)&=(-2, 4) \end{aligned}

To use the point-slope formula, we first need to find the slope of the line.

The slope of the given line is found using:

\begin{aligned} m &= \dfrac{y_2-y_1}{x_2-x_1}\\[0.2cm]&= \dfrac{4-3}{-2-1}\\[0.2cm]&= \dfrac{1}{-3}\\[0.2cm]&=- \dfrac{1}{3} \end{aligned} The equation of the line is found using the point-slope formula. \begin{aligned} y-y_1&=m(x-x_1)\\[0.2cm]y-3&=- \dfrac{1}{3}(x-1)\\[0.2cm] y-3&=- \dfrac{1}{3} x+ \dfrac{1}{3}\\[0.2cm] \text{Adding 3 }& \text{ on both sides},\\[0.2cm] y&= - \dfrac{1}{3}x+ \dfrac{10}{3} \end{aligned}

To express this in the standard form, first we multiply both sides by $$3$$.

$3y=-x+10$

Adding $$x$$ on both sides,

$x+3y=10$

Thus, the equation of the given line in the standard form is:

 $$\therefore$$ $${x+3y=10}$$ Think Tank
1. Which of the following graphs may represent the equation $$\mathbf{y+2= -2(x-1)}$$?  ## Practice Questions

Here are a few activities for you to practice. Select/Type your answer and click the "Check Answer" button to see the result.

IMO (International Maths Olympiad) is a competitive exam in Mathematics conducted annually for school students. It encourages children to develop their math solving skills from a competition perspective.

## 1. What is the point-slope formula?

The point-slope formula is a formula that is used to find the equation of a line.

This formula is used only when we know the slope of a line and a point on the line.

The equation of a line whose slope is m and which passes through a point $$(x_1, y_1$$) is found using the point-slope formula.

The equation of the point-slope formula is:

 $$\mathbf{y-y_1=m(x-x_1)}$$

Here $$(x, y)$$ is a random point on the line.

## 2. Give an example of the point-slope formula.

The equation of a line with slope -1 and a point $$(1, 2$$) is found using: $y-2=-1(x-1)$

You can find more examples under "Examples of Point-Slope Formula" and "Solved Examples" sections of this page.

## 3. What is the point-slope formula calculator?

You can find the point-slope formula calculator under the section "Point-Slope Formula Calculator" of this page.

Here you can change the slope m and the coordinates of the point $$(x_1, y_1)$$ and see the point-slope form and the corresponding graph as well.

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