Linear Equation Formula
Using linear equation formula we convert the given situation into mathematical statements illustrating the relationship between the unknowns (variables) from the information provided. Linear Equation is the equation of a straight line and is also known as equations of the first order. We use linear equations in solving our daytoday problems. Let us understand the linear equation formula in detail in the following sections.
What is Linear Equation Formula?
An equation with the maximum order of 1 and an equation of a straight line is called the linear equation. The linear equation formula can be written in a simple slopeintercept form i.e. y = mx + b, where x and y are the variables, m is the slope of the line, and b, the yintercept. A slope gets the direction of the line and determines how steep is the line. The value of y when x is 0 is called the yintercept because (0,y) is the point at which the line crosses the yaxis. Hence, the linear equation formula is given by:
y = mx + b
where,
 x and y are two variables
 b is the yintercept
 m is the slope of the line
Linear Equation Formula
Applying the linear equation formula(y= mx+b), the equation of a straight line that has yintercept (0, 2) with the slope m= 4 is given by y = 4x+2. The linear equation in one variable, and in two variables can be represented in many forms where a line can be defined in an (x,y) plane. Some of the common forms are:
Linear Equation Form  Formula  Explanation 
General Form 
ax + by = c 
where a ≠ 0; a, b, c are real numbers. m = a/b 
Slope Intercept Form  y = mx + b  where y and x are the points in the (x,y) plane, m is the slope of the line (knows as the gradient), b is the intercept (a constant value) 
\(yy_{1} = m (xx_{1})\) 
where \((x_{1},y_{1})\) and \((x_{2}, y_{2})\) are the two points on the line, m= \(\dfrac{y_{2}y_{1}}{x_{2}x_{1}}\) and \(x_{1}\) ≠ \(x_{2}\) 

Intercept Form  x/\(x_{0}\) + y/\(y_{0}\)= 1 
where \(x_{0}\)_{ }= xintercept \(y_{0}\) = yintercept 
Vertical Line  x = p  p is the xintercept 
Horizontal Line  y = q  q is the yintercept 
The linear equations can be solved for a specific variable by the substitution method or elimination method or graphically. Let us look at the linear equations in the following graph as seen below:
Derivation of Linear Equation Formula
Let us see the linear equation formula determined on a graph in a straight line or slope. A slope is a line equal to the ratio of change in ycoordinates and change in xcoordinates.
The equation of a straight line is given by: y = mx + b
Where m is the slope of the line, b is the yintercept, x and y are the coordinates of the xaxis and yaxis, respectively.
When the straight line is parallel to the xaxis, then the xcoordinate will be equal to zero. Therefore, y = b
When the straight line is parallel to the yaxis then the ycoordinate will be zero. Therefore,
mx + b = 0
x = b/m
So basically the slope shows the rise of line in the plane along with the distance covered in the xaxis.
Examples Using Linear Equation Formula
Example 1: Jake's piggy bank has11 coins (only quarters or dimes) that have a value of S1.85. How many dimes and quarters does the piggy bank has?
Solution: Let us assume that:
Number of dimes = x
Number of quarters = y
Since there are 11 coins in total, x + y = 11 ⇒ y = 11  x → (1)
The total value of the money in the piggy bank is $1.85.
We know that 100 cent, = $1, 1 quarter = $1 and 10 dimes = $1
Thus we get 10x + 25y = 185 → (2)
Let us follow the substitution method and solve the equations (1) and (2)
10x + 25(11 − x) = 185 (Substituting (1) in (2))
10x + 275 − 25x = 185
−15x + 275 = 185
−15x = −90
x = 6
Substitute this in (1): y = 11  6 = 5
Therefore, the number of dimes = 6; The number of quarters = 5
Example 2: John gets the equation of a straight line 3x + 4y = 15. Help him find the slope.
Solution: Given 3x + 4y = 15
This equation is of the general form: ax+by = c
in the equation 3x + 4y = 15, a = 3 and b = 4
Using the linear equation formula, we get the slope as m = a/b
m = 3/4
Thus the slope of this straight line is m = 3/4
Example 3: Find the value of y from the equations, 2x + 4y = 20 when x = 24
Solution:
Put the value of x in the equation and solve for y.
Given, x = 24 and 2x + 4y = 20
4y = 20  2 × 24
4y = 28
y = 7
Therefore, the value of y = 7
FAQs on Linear Equation Formulas
What is Linear Equation Formula?
The linear equation formula is obtained based on in which form is the equation of the straight line is.
What is the Formula for Calculating a Linear Equation?
The formula to calculate the linear equation on a slope is:
y = mx + b
where,
 x and y are two variables
 b is the y intercept
 m is the slope of the line
What are the Different Forms Used in the Linear Equation Formula?
The different forms used in the linear equation formula where the line can be plotted on a graph on both xaxis and yaxis, are:
 General Form
 Slope Intercept Form
 Point Form
 Intercept Form
 TwoPoint form
What is the Standard Form of Linear Equation Formula?
The standard form of the linear equation formula consists of both the variable and a constant. The formula is ax + b = 0 where a ≠ 0 and x is the variable.