# Platonic Solids

Did you know that the five platonic solids that exist in nature represent the five elements i.e. earth, wind, fire, water, and the universe? Sadly, you won't get an environment-loving superhero coming out of the combination of these five elements.

Check out the interactive simulations to know more about the lesson and try your hand at solving a few interesting practice questions at the end of the page.

But platonic solids are fun to learn, and in this chapter, we will know more about them. In this lesson, you will know more about platonic sold geometry, understand the platonic solid names, and solve some interactive problems.

**Lesson Plan**

**Define Platonic Solids**

A platonic solid is a regular, convex polyhedron.

They are named after the ancient Greek philosopher Plato.

A platonic solid has equal and identical faces.

The same number of faces meet at each vertex.

**There are 5 regular platonic solids:**

1. Tetrahedron

2. Cube

3. Octahedron

4. Dodecahedron

5. Icosahedron

**What are the Properties of Platonic Solids?**

Following are the properties of a platonic solid:

- All the faces are regular, convex polyhedron
- Faces of platonic solid do not intersect except at their edges.
- The same number of faces meet at each vertex.

**What are the 5 Platonic Solids?**

There are 5 regular platonic solids:

1.Tetrahedron:

Tetrahedron | |
---|---|

It is made up of equilateral triangles | |

Faces | 4 |

Edges | 6 |

Vertices | 4 |

Faces meeting at each vertex | 3 |

2.Cube

Cube | |
---|---|

It is made up of square faces | |

Faces | 6 |

Edges | 12 |

Vertices | 8 |

Faces meeting at each vertex | 3 |

3. Octahedron

Octahedron | |
---|---|

It is made up of equilateral triangles | |

Faces | 8 |

Edges | 12 |

Vertices | 6 |

Faces meeting at each vertex | 4 |

4. Dodecahedron

Dodecahedron | |
---|---|

It is made up of regular pentagons | |

Faces | 12 |

Edges | 30 |

Vertices | 20 |

Faces meeting at each vertex | 3 |

5. Icosahedron

Icosahedron | |
---|---|

It is made up of equilateral triangles | |

Faces | 20 |

Edges | 30 |

Vertices | 12 |

Faces meeting at each vertex | 5 |

- Can you figure out how to make all the platonic solids out of the following 2D diagrams?

**An icosahedron is a platonic solid with the maximum number of faces (i.e. 20).****An icosahedron and dodecahedron have the same number of edges, i.e., 30.**

**Solved Examples **

Example 1 |

Alan wants to know the total number of faces on the dodecahedron. Can you help him figure out?

**Solution**

The dodecahedron has 12 regular pentagon faces.

\(\therefore 12 \) |

Example 2 |

Rita was given the following information about a platonic solid that it has 3 faces meeting at vertices and has 4 vertices. Can you find out which platonic solid is this?

**Solution**

Out of all platonic solids, only the tetrahedron has 4 vertices.

Hence, the given platonic solid is:

\(\therefore\) Tetrahedron |

Example 3 |

Demi wants to know the name of the platonic solid shown below. Can you name the platonic solid for her?

**Solution **

The given solid has 20 triangular faces and 5 triangles are intersecting at each vertex, which is a property of an icosahedron.

Hence the given solid is-

\(\therefore\) An Icosahedron |

Example 4 |

Walter was given a task to complete the following table for platonic solids. Can you help him in completing this table?

Shape | Name | At each vertex |
---|---|---|

______ | ______ triangles meet. | |

______ | ______ triangles meet. | |

______ | ______ pentagons meet. |

**Solution**

Shape | Name | At each vertex |
---|---|---|

Tetrahedron | 3 triangles meet. | |

Icosahedron | 5 triangles meet. | |

Dodecahedron | 3 pentagons meet. |

Example 5 |

Wendy wants to know the number of faces, vertices, and edges do a dodecahedron has?

**Solution**

A dodecahedron has:

\(\therefore\) 12 faces, 30 edges, and 20 vertices |

**Interactive Questions**

**Here are a few activities for you to practice.**

**Select/Type your answer and click the "Check Answer" button to see the result.**

**Let's summarize**

The mini-lesson targeted the fascinating concept of platonic solids. The math journey around platonic solids starts with what a student already knows, and goes on to creatively crafting a fresh concept in the young minds. Done in a way that not only it is relatable and easy to grasp, but also will stay with them forever. Here lies the magic with Cuemath.

**About Cuemath**

At Cuemath, our team of math experts is dedicated to making learning fun for our favorite readers, the students!

Through an interactive and engaging learning-teaching-learning approach, the teachers explore all angles of a topic.

Be it worksheets, online classes, doubt sessions, or any other form of relation, it’s the logical thinking and smart learning approach that we, at Cuemath, believe in.

**Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)**

## 1. What do the 5 platonic solids represent?

The cube represents the earth, the octahedron represents the air, the tetrahedron represents the fire, the icosahedron represents the water, and the dodecahedron represents the universe.

## 2. How many sides platonic solids have?

1.Tetrahedron has 4 sides.

2. Cube has 6 sides.

3. Octahedron has 8 sides.

4. Dodecahedron has 12 sides.

5. Icosahedron has 20 sides.

## 3. Is octahedron a platonic solid?

Octahedron is a regular platonic solid of 8 equilateral sides. So, yes octahedron is a platonic solid.