Volume of Triangular Prism
The volume of a triangular prism is the space occupied by it from all three dimensions. A prism is a solid object which has identical bases, flat rectangular side faces, and the same crosssection all along its length. There are different types of prisms that are classified and named as per the shape of their base. A triangular prism has 2 identical triangular bases and 3 rectangular lateral faces.
1.  What is the Volume of a Triangular Prism? 
2.  Volume of Triangular Prism Formula 
3.  How to find the Volume of Triangular Prism? 
4.  FAQs on Volume of Triangular Prism 
What is the Volume of a Triangular Prism?
The volume of a triangular prism can be calculated by taking the product of the area of the triangular base and the height of the prism which is also known as the length of the prism. For this, let us first understand what a triangular prism looks like.
Definition of Triangular Prism
A triangular prism is a polyhedron made up of two triangular bases and three rectangular sides. Or, it can be considered as a pentahedron (as it has 5 faces altogether) wherein the edges and vertices of the bases are joined with each other by three rectangular sides. By definition, the two triangular bases are parallel and congruent to each other. It has:
 2 bases (which are congruent triangles)
 3 side faces (which are congruent rectangles)
 Total number of faces  5
 9 edges
 6 corners or vertices
The length of the triangular prism is the perpendicular distance between the centers of the two bases. It is represented by "l" in the figure given below.
Observe the triangular prism shown above where 'b' is the base of each side of two congruent triangles, 'h' is the height of the base triangle, and 'l' is the length of the prism.
Volume of Triangular Prism Formula
The volume of a triangular prism is the space inside it or the space occupied by it. It is measured in cubic units such as cm^{3}, m^{3}, in^{3}, etc. We will see the formulas to calculate the volumes of different types of triangular prisms. The volume of any prism is obtained by multiplying its base area by its length.
The volume of a prism = base area × length of the prism
We will use this formula to calculate the volume of a triangular prism as well. We know that the base of a triangular prism is a triangle. By applying the above formula to a triangular prism, we get,
Volume of a triangular prism = area of base triangle × length of the prism
Here, we can find the area of the base triangle based on its type and the available information. The following list shows the formulas to find the area of the base triangle.
 If the base triangle is an equilateral triangle (in this case, the prism is called equilateral triangular prism) with each side 'a', then its area = √3a^{2}/4
 If the triangle's base 'b' and height 'h' are given, then its area = (1/2) bh
 If the base triangle is a rightangled triangle (in this case, the prism is called a right triangular prism) with two legs 'b' and 'h' then its area = (1/2) bh
 If the base triangle is an isosceles triangle with its sides to be 'a', 'a', and 'b' then its area is (b/4) × √(4a^{2}  b^{2})
 If the base triangle is a scalene triangle where all three sides 'a', 'b', and 'c' are given, then its area is calculated using √[s(sa)(sb)(sc)]; where, s = (a + b + c)/2. Note that you can apply this formula (which is also called Heron's formula) for an isosceles triangle (or) an equilateral triangle as well.
 If the base triangle's two sides 'a' and 'b' and the included angle 'θ' are given, then its area is found using 1/2 ab sin θ
How to Find the Volume of Triangular Prism?
The volume of a triangular prism can be calculated with the help of the following steps and the example given below. Before that make sure that all measurements are of the same units.
 Step 1: Identify the type of the base triangle and find its area using a suitable formula (as explained in the previous section).
 Step 2: Identify the length of the prism (Note that this length of the prism is also known as the height of the prism, and it should not be confused with the height of the base triangle).
 Step 3: Multiply the base area (from step 1) and the length of the prism to find the volume.
Example: Calculate the volume of the triangular prism whose length is 15 in and whose base is an equilateral triangle of side 6 inches.
Solution: The volume of the triangular prism can be calculated using the following steps.
 Step 1: The base triangle is an equilateral triangle with its side as a = 6. So its area is found using the formula, √3a^{2}/4 = √3(6)^{2}/4 = 9√3 square inches.
 Step 2: The length of the prism is 15 in.
 Step 3: The volume of the given triangular prism = base area × length = 9√3 × 15 = 135√3 cubic inches.
Tips on Volume of Triangular Prism
 The length of a triangular prism is also known as the height of the prism.
 This height of the prism should not be confused with the height of the base triangle.
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Examples on Volume of Triangular Prism

Example 1: Determine the volume of a triangular prism in which the triangle's base is 7 in, its height is 5 in., and the length of the prism is 10 inches.
Solution:
The base of the triangle is (b) = 7 in, the height of the triangular base (h) = 5 in.
So, the base area = (1/2)(bh) = (1/2) × (7 × 5) = 35/2 in^{2}.
The length of the prism is L = 10 in.
Using the volume of triangular prism formula,
The volume of the given triangular prism = base area × length of the prism = (35/2) × (10) = 175 in^{3}.

Example 2: Find the volume of the following right triangular prism.
Solution:
The base of the triangle (b) = 14 ft, and its height (h) = 8 ft.
So the base area = (1/2) × (bh) = (1/2) × (14 × 8) = 56 square feet.
The length of the prism is, L = 10 ft.
Using the volume of the triangular prism formula,
The volume of the given triangular prism = base area × length of the prism = 56 × 10 = 560 ft^{3}.

Example 3: State true or false.
a.) A triangular prism is a polyhedron made up of two triangular bases and three rectangular sides.
b.) The volume of a triangular prism is measured in square units such as cm^{2}, m^{2}, in^{2}, and so on.
Solution:
a.) True, a triangular prism is a polyhedron made up of two triangular bases and three rectangular sides.
b.) False, the volume of a triangular prism is measured in cubic units such as cm^{3}, m^{3}, in^{3}, and so on.
FAQs on Volume of Triangular Prism
What is the Volume of Triangular Prism?
The volume of a triangular prism is the space inside it. It is calculated by multiplying the area of the triangular base and the height of the prism which is also known as the length of the prism. The volume of a triangular prism is expressed in cubic units such as cm^{3}, m^{3}, in^{3}, etc.
What is the Formula for Finding the Volume of Triangular Prism?
The formula to find the volume of a triangular prism is, Volume = base area × length, where,
 Base area = area of the base (which is a triangle)
 Length = length of the triangular prism (also known as the height of the prism)
How to Find the Height of a Triangular Prism with the Volume?
The height of a triangular prism is also known as the length of the prism. It can be calculated if the base area and the volume of the prism is known. The formula for the volume of a triangular prism = Base area × length of the prism. From this, the height of a triangular prism is obtained by dividing its volume by its base area.
How to Find Volume of Triangular Prism with Right Angle?
If the base of a triangular prism is a rightangled triangle of base 'b' and height 'h' and the length of the prism is 'L", then its base area = (1/2) bh. We know that the volume of the prism = base area × Length of the prism. Therefore, the volume of the prism, in this case, is calculated using the same formula, Volume of triangular prism = (1/2) bh × L.
What is the Formula to Calculate the Volume of an Equilateral Triangular Prism?
Consider a triangular prism whose length is 'L' and whose base is an equilateral triangle of side 'a'. Then its base area is √3a^{2}/4. We know that the volume of the prism = base area × length of the prism, hence, the volume of the prism, in this case, is found using the formula (√3a^{2} × L)/4
How to Find the Volume of a Triangular Prism with an Angle Given?
Consider a triangular prism whose length is 'L' and 'a' and 'b' are the two sides of its base with an included angle θ. Then its base area is (1/2) ab × sin θ. We know that the volume of the prism is base area × length of the prism, hence the volume of the prism, in this case, is found using the formula (1/2) ab sin θ × L.
How is the Area of a Triangle Related to the Volume of a Triangular Prism?
The area of a triangle is used to find the volume of a triangular prism because the base of a triangular prism is a triangle and the formula that is used to find the volume of a triangular prism is, Volume = base area × length of the prism, where the base area is the area of the triangle. The formula to find the volume of a triangular prism is, Volume = base area × length of the prism, which shows the relationship between the area of a triangle.
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