LCM of 36, 42, and 72
LCM of 36, 42, and 72 is the smallest number among all common multiples of 36, 42, and 72. The first few multiples of 36, 42, and 72 are (36, 72, 108, 144, 180 . . .), (42, 84, 126, 168, 210 . . .), and (72, 144, 216, 288, 360 . . .) respectively. There are 3 commonly used methods to find LCM of 36, 42, 72  by listing multiples, by division method, and by prime factorization.
1.  LCM of 36, 42, and 72 
2.  List of Methods 
3.  Solved Examples 
4.  FAQs 
What is the LCM of 36, 42, and 72?
Answer: LCM of 36, 42, and 72 is 504.
Explanation:
The LCM of three nonzero integers, a(36), b(42), and c(72), is the smallest positive integer m(504) that is divisible by a(36), b(42), and c(72) without any remainder.
Methods to Find LCM of 36, 42, and 72
Let's look at the different methods for finding the LCM of 36, 42, and 72.
 By Division Method
 By Prime Factorization Method
 By Listing Multiples
LCM of 36, 42, and 72 by Division Method
To calculate the LCM of 36, 42, and 72 by the division method, we will divide the numbers(36, 42, 72) by their prime factors (preferably common). The product of these divisors gives the LCM of 36, 42, and 72.
 Step 1: Find the smallest prime number that is a factor of at least one of the numbers, 36, 42, and 72. Write this prime number(2) on the left of the given numbers(36, 42, and 72), separated as per the ladder arrangement.
 Step 2: If any of the given numbers (36, 42, 72) is a multiple of 2, divide it by 2 and write the quotient below it. Bring down any number that is not divisible by the prime number.
 Step 3: Continue the steps until only 1s are left in the last row.
The LCM of 36, 42, and 72 is the product of all prime numbers on the left, i.e. LCM(36, 42, 72) by division method = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 × 7 = 504.
LCM of 36, 42, and 72 by Prime Factorization
Prime factorization of 36, 42, and 72 is (2 × 2 × 3 × 3) = 2^{2} × 3^{2}, (2 × 3 × 7) = 2^{1} × 3^{1} × 7^{1}, and (2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3) = 2^{3} × 3^{2} respectively. LCM of 36, 42, and 72 can be obtained by multiplying prime factors raised to their respective highest power, i.e. 2^{3} × 3^{2} × 7^{1} = 504.
Hence, the LCM of 36, 42, and 72 by prime factorization is 504.
LCM of 36, 42, and 72 by Listing Multiples
To calculate the LCM of 36, 42, 72 by listing out the common multiples, we can follow the given below steps:
 Step 1: List a few multiples of 36 (36, 72, 108, 144, 180 . . .), 42 (42, 84, 126, 168, 210 . . .), and 72 (72, 144, 216, 288, 360 . . .).
 Step 2: The common multiples from the multiples of 36, 42, and 72 are 504, 1008, . . .
 Step 3: The smallest common multiple of 36, 42, and 72 is 504.
∴ The least common multiple of 36, 42, and 72 = 504.
ā Also Check:
 LCM of 15 and 21  105
 LCM of 3, 4 and 8  24
 LCM of 18, 24 and 30  360
 LCM of 5 and 13  65
 LCM of 24 and 56  168
 LCM of 25 and 100  100
 LCM of 5, 9 and 15  45
LCM of 36, 42, and 72 Examples

Example 1: Find the smallest number that is divisible by 36, 42, 72 exactly.
Solution:
The smallest number that is divisible by 36, 42, and 72 exactly is their LCM.
⇒ Multiples of 36, 42, and 72: Multiples of 36 = 36, 72, 108, 144, 180, 216, 252, 288, 324, 360, 396, 432, 468, 504, . . . .
 Multiples of 42 = 42, 84, 126, 168, 210, 252, 294, 336, 378, 420, 462, 504, . . . .
 Multiples of 72 = 72, 144, 216, 288, 360, 432, 504, . . . .
Therefore, the LCM of 36, 42, and 72 is 504.

Example 2: Verify the relationship between the GCD and LCM of 36, 42, and 72.
Solution:
The relation between GCD and LCM of 36, 42, and 72 is given as,
LCM(36, 42, 72) = [(36 × 42 × 72) × GCD(36, 42, 72)]/[GCD(36, 42) × GCD(42, 72) × GCD(36, 72)]
⇒ Prime factorization of 36, 42 and 72: 36 = 2^{2} × 3^{2}
 42 = 2^{1} × 3^{1} × 7^{1}
 72 = 2^{3} × 3^{2}
∴ GCD of (36, 42), (42, 72), (36, 72) and (36, 42, 72) = 6, 6, 36 and 6 respectively.
Now, LHS = LCM(36, 42, 72) = 504.
And, RHS = [(36 × 42 × 72) × GCD(36, 42, 72)]/[GCD(36, 42) × GCD(42, 72) × GCD(36, 72)] = [(108864) × 6]/[6 × 6 × 36] = 504
LHS = RHS = 504.
Hence verified. 
Example 3: Calculate the LCM of 36, 42, and 72 using the GCD of the given numbers.
Solution:
Prime factorization of 36, 42, 72:
 36 = 2^{2} × 3^{2}
 42 = 2^{1} × 3^{1} × 7^{1}
 72 = 2^{3} × 3^{2}
Therefore, GCD(36, 42) = 6, GCD(42, 72) = 6, GCD(36, 72) = 36, GCD(36, 42, 72) = 6
We know,
LCM(36, 42, 72) = [(36 × 42 × 72) × GCD(36, 42, 72)]/[GCD(36, 42) × GCD(42, 72) × GCD(36, 72)]
LCM(36, 42, 72) = (108864 × 6)/(6 × 6 × 36) = 504
⇒LCM(36, 42, 72) = 504
FAQs on LCM of 36, 42, and 72
What is the LCM of 36, 42, and 72?
The LCM of 36, 42, and 72 is 504. To find the LCM (least common multiple) of 36, 42, and 72, we need to find the multiples of 36, 42, and 72 (multiples of 36 = 36, 72, 108, 144 . . . . 504 . . . . ; multiples of 42 = 42, 84, 126, 168 . . . . 504 . . . . ; multiples of 72 = 72, 144, 216, 288, 432, 504 . . . .) and choose the smallest multiple that is exactly divisible by 36, 42, and 72, i.e., 504.
Which of the following is the LCM of 36, 42, and 72? 40, 45, 96, 504
The value of LCM of 36, 42, 72 is the smallest common multiple of 36, 42, and 72. The number satisfying the given condition is 504.
What are the Methods to Find LCM of 36, 42, 72?
The commonly used methods to find the LCM of 36, 42, 72 are:
 Division Method
 Listing Multiples
 Prime Factorization Method
What is the Relation Between GCF and LCM of 36, 42, 72?
The following equation can be used to express the relation between GCF and LCM of 36, 42, 72, i.e. LCM(36, 42, 72) = [(36 × 42 × 72) × GCF(36, 42, 72)]/[GCF(36, 42) × GCF(42, 72) × GCF(36, 72)].
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