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Properties of Rectangle
The properties of a rectangle distinguish it from the other quadrilaterals. A rectangle is an equiangular quadrilateral in which the opposite sides are parallel and equal to each other and all four angles are right angles. The longer side of a rectangle is called its length and the shorter side is the width. Let us learn more about the characteristics of a rectangle in this article.
1.  What are the Properties of a Rectangle? 
2.  Formulas of a Rectangle 
3.  Types of Rectangles 
4.  FAQs on Properties of Rectangle 
What are the Properties of a Rectangle?
All properties of rectangle help us identify the figure at one glance. A rectangle is a twodimensional figure with four sides, four vertices, and four angles. The opposite sides of a rectangle are equal in length and are parallel to each other. Since a rectangle is a quadrilateral in which all four angles are equal to each other, the angle formed by its adjacent sides is 90°. Observe the rectangle given below to see that the four sides of a rectangle are not equal, only the opposite sides are equal. Some of the reallife examples of a rectangle that we see in our daily life are kites, paintings, slabs, storage boxes, and so on.
In order to understand the rectangle better, observe the rectangle given above and relate to the following properties of a rectangle.
 A rectangle is a quadrilateral with four equal interior angles.
 The opposite sides of a rectangle are equal and parallel to each other.
 The interior angle of a rectangle at each vertex measures 90°.
 The sum of all the interior angles of a rectangle is 360°.
 The diagonals bisect each other.
 The length of the diagonals is equal.
 The length of the diagonals can be obtained using the Pythagoras theorem. The length of the diagonal with sides a and b is √( a² + b²).
 Since the sides of a rectangle are parallel, it is also called a parallelogram.
 All rectangles are parallelograms but all parallelograms are not rectangles.
Formulas of a Rectangle
There are three main formulas of a rectangle that need to be remembered. They are related to the area of a rectangle, the perimeter of a rectangle, and the length of the diagonal.
 Area of a Rectangle: A = l × w, where 'l' and 'w' are the length and width of the rectangle, respectively.
 Perimeter of a Rectangle: P = 2(l + w), where 'l' is the length and 'w' is the width of the rectangle.
 Diagonal of Rectangle (d) = √(l² + w²), where 'l' is the length and 'w' is the width of the rectangle. The formula for the diagonal of a rectangle is derived from the Pythagoras theorem.
Types of Rectangles
A rectangle has four sides with the opposite sides equal to each other and with the adjacent sides meeting at 90°. These properties are seen in the two types of rectangles  the Square and the Golden Rectangle.
Square
A square is a type of rectangle with four equal sides and four equal angles. It is a twodimensional shape where the interior angles at each vertex are 90°. Along with these properties, the opposite sides of a square are equal and parallel and the diagonals bisect each other at 90°. It can be said that all squares are rectangles but all rectangles cannot be squares.
Golden Rectangle
The golden rectangle is a rectangle whose sides are in the golden ratio, that is, (a + b)/a = a/b, where 'a' is the width and (a + b) is the length of the rectangle. In other words, a golden rectangle is a rectangle whose 'length to width ratio' is similar to the golden ratio, 1: (1+⎷ 5)/2. For example, if the length is around 1 foot long then the width will be 1.168 feet long or viceversa where the Golden Ratio = 1: 1.618. Observe the following figure which shows the golden rectangle and its length and width.
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Examples on the Properties of a Rectangle

Example 1: State true or false using all properties of rectangle.
a.) A rectangle is a quadrilateral with four equal interior angles.
b.) The interior angle of a rectangle at each vertex measures 60°.
Solution:
Using the features of a rectangle, we can state true or false as follows:
a.) True, a rectangle is a quadrilateral with four equal interior angles.
b.) False, the interior angle of a rectangle at each vertex measures 90°.

Example 2: Use the features of a rectangle to fill in the blanks:
a.) Since the sides of a rectangle are parallel, it is also called a __________.
b.) The sum of all the interior angles of a rectangle is ___°.
Solution:
Using the characteristics of a rectangle, we can fill in the blanks as follows:
a.) Since the sides of a rectangle are parallel, it is also called a parallelogram.
b.) The sum of all the interior angles of a rectangle is 360°.

Example 3: If the length of a rectangle is 40 meters and its width is 3 meters, then find its perimeter using the properties of a rectangle.
Solution:
The formula to calculate the perimeter is P = 2 (length + width);
Given that, the length is 40 meters and the width is 3 meters. Substituting these values into the formula.
Perimeter of rectangle = 2(40 + 3)
Perimeter of rectangle = 2 × (43)
Perimeter of rectangle = 86 meters
Therefore, the Perimeter of rectangle = 86 meters
FAQs on Properties of Rectangle
What are the Properties of a Rectangle?
The basic properties of a rectangle are that its opposite sides are parallel and equal and its interior angles are equal to 90°. Its diagonals are also equal and they bisect each other.
What are the Properties of the Diagonals of a Rectangle?
The properties of the diagonal of a rectangle are as follows:
 The two diagonals of a rectangle are equal.
 The diagonals bisect each other, but not at right angles.
 The length of the diagonals can be obtained using the Pythagoras theorem.
 Since the diagonals divide the rectangle into two rightangled triangles, they are considered to be the hypotenuse of these triangles.
Is a Square a Rectangle?
Yes, a square is considered as a rectangle because it contains the properties of a rectangle, like, all the four interior angles are 90°, the opposites sides of a square are parallel and equal to each other, and two diagonals of the square are equal and bisect each other.
What is the Difference Between a Square and a Rectangle?
Squares have some additional properties which do not apply to rectangles. A square has four equal sides, whereas, in a rectangle, only the opposite sides are equal. The diagonals of a square bisect at 90°, but the diagonals of a rectangle do not bisect at 90°.
What are the Various Types of Quadrilaterals other than Rectangles?
The various types of quadrilaterals other than rectangles are squares, rhombus, kite, parallelogram, and a trapezoid.
Why is a Rectangle not a Square?
Although many properties of a rectangle are similar to a square but a rectangle is not a square because it does not have all four sides of equal measure. This is the reason that a rectangle is not a square.
What is a Rectangle?
A rectangle is a twodimensional shape (2D Shape) with four sides, four angles, and four vertices. The opposite sides of a rectangle are equal and parallel to each other. The interior angles of a rectangle are equal and measure 90°.
Write any Two Properties of Rectangle.
Although there are many properties of a rectangle, two properties of rectangle that distinguish it from the rest are as follows:
 The opposite sides of a rectangle are parallel and equal.
 All the interior angles of a rectangle are equal to 90°.
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