JEE is an acronym for Joint Entrance Exam, and it is one of the most prestigious examinations conducted for those students who aspire to gain admission in various engineering colleges in India. Further, JEE is a two-stage exam wherein the first exam is called as JEE Mains and the second one is called JEE Advanced. The popularity of this exam can be gauged from the fact that in 2018, approximately 11.5 lakh students applied for the JEE Mains exam. Globally, JEE is recognized as one of the most gruelling exams when it comes to securing an admission to undergraduate engineering courses offered by institutes of excellence like the IITs. Apart from engineering colleges managed by the government, students write the JEE exam to secure admissions to privately-managed engineering colleges as well.
JEE exams typically consist of objective-type questions, and the exam format is a mix of computer-based and paper-based. Till 2018, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducted the JEE exam, but from 2019 onwards, the JEE Main exam will be conducted by The National Testing Agency (NTA). Primarily, students must clear the JEE Main exam first to become eligible to appear for the JEE Advance exam.
Overview of JEE
In terms of the importance of the JEE exam, it is worth noting that students can gain entry into prestigious institutes like the IITs and NITs only after clearing this exam. As many students might be aware, engineering education at any of these institutes affords them valuable opportunities – students not only they get access to the best professors and learning resources, they also get to interact with and learn from fellow students who are superbly talented and skilled. In addition, gaining admission to these institutes comes with social recognition and respect. Finally, the job placement records of these institutes indicate that students can avail the benefit associated with good salaries and promising career opportunities.
JEE Main is the first stage of the JEE exam and students are required to write this exam for admission to NITs, IIITs and Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs) participating though Central Seat Allocation Board. JEE Main - 2019 will be a computer-based test and it will be administered in the online mode only. In terms of the pattern of the exam,there will be two papers:
- Paper-1 for B.E. and B.Tech. , which will cover the subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The mode of the examination will be computer-based and it will comprise of objective-types questions with equal weightage accorded to Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
- Paper-2 for B.Arch. and B.Planning, which will cover Mathematics and Aptitude. Part-I of this paper will comprise of objective-type questions and it will a computer-based test only. Paper-II will comprise of questions designed to test the drawing aptitude of students. Further, Paper-II will be conducted in an offline mode (pen and paper based) and students will attempt the questions on a drawing sheet.
JEE Advanced - 2019 will be conducted by the IITs (IIT Roorkee being the organising institute for 2019), acting as per the guidelines laid out by the Joint Admission Board (JAB). The primary aim of the JEE Advanced exam is to test the students’ abilities for admission to the Bachelor’s, Integrated Master’s and Dual Degree programs (entry at the 10+2 level) in all the IITs. The examination comprises of two papers - Paper 1 and Paper 2, each of which is compulsory. In 2019, Paper 1 and Paper 2 will be conducted on 19th of May in two separate sessions. Also, the exam will be conducted in online mode only (computer-based).
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The number of students appearing for the JEE exam has varied over the last five years. For example, in 2013 the number of students who registered for JEE Main was 1.28 million and in 2014, this number went up to 1.357 million. However, this number has plummeted after that as in 2015, 1.304 million students registered for the JEE Main exam and in 2018, this number went down to 1.148 million. Nevertheless, JEE is considered to be one of the toughest exams in the world and one of the reasons it is so complicated and tricky is that it is designed to filter out students because of limited number of seats. Notably, outside India, the National University of Singapore accepts JEE scores for admission to its undergraduate programs.
JEE Tips and Tricks
Success in the JEE exam requires meticulous planning, hard work and smart preparation. Students must design and stick to a systematic study plan if they want to clear the JEE exam. Below, we present some important tips that the students can consider:
Students must analyse and understand the structure of the exam for both JEE Main and JEE Advanced. In addition, they must gain knowledge about the topics covered in these tests.
It is important to start the preparation as early as possible. Since JEE is one of the world’s toughest examinations in terms of both complexity and competition, serious aspirants must start early so that they have enough time to grasp the underlying concepts for each topic under each subject. Also, an early start will allow the students to attempt more mock tests and practice questions.
It is important to be systematic and methodical – therefore, a time table can be a useful aid while preparing for the JEE exam. Students must allocate a specific amount of time for each topic under each subject and mark the same on a personalised calendar. There are many time table apps available for self-study, which can prove to be effective.
Students must keep abreast with their latest capability levels and therefore, it is important to attempt multiple mock tests. An easy way of doing this is to access the free mock tests provided via the official JEE website (online mode). Attempting these tests will allow the students to familiarise with the actual format, content and structure of the JEE exam and moreover, they will be able to simulate the actual exam experience.
Finally, students must keep analysing their skills, strengths, weaknesses and strengths. Specifically, they should know the areas where they are efficient and other topics for which they need to make improvement efforts. Also, it is important to take timed tests so that they understand the pattern of consumption of time – how much time they are spending on different types of questions covered under different topics. Based on this analysis, students can seek further improvements in terms of gaining a deeper understanding of certain topics, learning about short-cuts and tricks, or simply doing more practice.