# The temperature at 12 noon was 10°C above zero. If it decreases at the rate of 2°C per hour until midnight, at what time would the temperature be 8°C below zero? What would be the temperature at mid-night?

**Solution:**

(i) The temperature at 12 noon = 10°C (given)

The temperature decreases by 2°C in 1 hour (given)

Thus, the temperature decreases by 1°C in 1/2 hour

Temperature 10°C above zero - Temperature 8°C below zero = 10 - (- 8) = 10 + 8 = 18°C

The temperature decreases by 18°C in 1/2 × 18 = 9 hours

Thus, from 10°C above zero to 8°C below zero it takes 9 hours

Total time = 12 noon + 9 hours

= 21 hours = 9 pm

Thus, at 9 pm temperature would be 8°C below zero.

(ii) The temperature at 12 noon = 10°C

The temperature decreases by 2°C every hour

The temperature decrease in 12 hours = - 2°C × 12 = - 24°C

At midnight, the temperature will be = 10°C + (-24°C) = -14 °C

Therefore, the temperature at mid night will be 14°C below 0.

**☛ Check: **NCERT Solutions Class 7 Maths Chapter 1

**Video Solution:**

## The temperature at 12 noon was 10°C above zero. If it decreases at the rate of 2°C per hour until midnight, at what time would the temperature be 8°C below zero? What would be the temperature at mid-night?

NCERT Solutions Class 7 Maths Chapter 1 Exercise 1.4 Question 5

**Summary:**

The temperature at 12 noon was 10°C above zero. If it decreases at the rate of 2°C per hour until midnight, the temperature would be 8°C below zero at 9 PM and temperature at the midnight will be 14°C below zero.

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