from a handpicked tutor in LIVE 1to1 classes
PEMDAS
PEMDAS is an acronym used to mention the order of operations to be followed while solving expressions having multiple operations. PEMDAS stands for P Parentheses, E Exponents, M Multiplication, D Division, A Addition, and S Subtraction. There are different acronyms used for the order of operations in different countries. For example, in Canada, the order of operations is stated as BEDMAS (Brackets, Exponents, Division, Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction). Some people prefer to say BODMAS (B Brackets, O Order or Off), while few others call it GEMDAS (G Grouping).
In this lesson, you will be learning about the PEMDAS rule to solve arithmetic expressions followed by solved examples and practice questions.
1.  Introduction to PEMDAS 
2.  What is PEMDAS? 
3.  PEMDAS Rules 
4.  BODMAS vs PEMDAS 
5.  When to Use PEMDAS? 
6.  Common Mistakes While Using PEMDAS Rule 
7.  FAQs on PEMDAS 
Introduction to PEMDAS
PEMDAS or order of operations is a set of rules to perform operations in an arithmetic expression. There are different scenarios where everything goes through various steps in a fixed sequence. Consider the following scenario. Ron and Raven visited a toy factory. They both observed the processes followed in the factory to manufacture toys. Toys are first designed. Next, they are built and packed in boxes. Finally, they are checked for quality before being shipped to stores. Everything is done in a set order.
Similarly, arithmetic operations are performed in a wellordered manner. Let us learn the order of operations in Mathematics. Finding the answer to mathematical operations is fairly simple when only one operator is involved. What if multiple operators are involved? This could get a little trickier! Let’s see how.
Ron and Raven solved the mathematical expression 5+2×3 separately. This is how they solved it.
Ron's Method  Raven's Method 

5+2×3 = 7×3 = 21 
5+2×3 = 5+6 = 11 
As you can observe, Ron and Raven got different answers. There can only be one correct answer to this expression in mathematics! Can you decide who is correct?
Don’t worry! PEMDAS is here to help you find the correct answer.
What is PEMDAS?
PEMDAS is an order of operation used in mathematics to deal easily with complex calculations. It states that we start solving any arithmetic expression by solving the terms written in parentheses or brackets and then we simplify exponential terms and move ahead to multiplication and division operations and then, at last, we can find the answer by solving addition and subtraction operations.
PEMDAS Rules
PEMDAS is a set of rules which are followed while solving mathematical expressions. These rules start with Parentheses, and then operations are performed on the exponents or powers. Next, we perform operations on multiplication or division from left to right. Finally, operations on addition or subtraction are performed from left to right.
P  [{( )}]  Parentheses 

E  x^{2}  Exponents 
M D 
× OR ÷ 
Multiplication OR Division 
A S 
+ OR  
Addition OR Subtraction 
If you stick to this order of operations in the PEMDAS rule, you will always get the correct answer. The following acronym will help you remember the PEMDAS Rule.
Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally
Let us understand PEMDAS with the help of an example.
BODMAS vs PEMDAS
The PEMDAS rule is similar to the BODMAS rule. There is a difference in the abbreviation because certain terms are known by different names at different locations.
When to Use PEMDAS?
When there is more than one operation in a mathematical expression, we use the PEMDAS method. PEMDAS in Math gives you a proper structure to produce a unique answer for every mathematical expression. There is a sequence of certain rules that need to be followed when using the PEMDAS method. Once you get the hang of these rules, you can do multiple steps at once.
Points to Remember
 Operations in brackets should be carried out first.
 Next, solve the exponents in the expression.
 Move from left to right and carry out multiplication or division, whichever comes first.
 Move from left to right and carry out addition or subtraction, whichever comes first.
Common Mistakes while using PEMDAS rule in Math
There is a chance of making mistake in the presence of multiple brackets. If we don't know which bracket to solve first, it could lead to an incorrect answer. In the case of nested brackets (one bracket inside the other), just follow one rule "focus on the innermost bracket first". Note that we still follow the rule PEMDAS if multiple operations are involved inside a bracket as shown below.
We will now learn how to solve this expression with multiple brackets.
4 + 3 [8  2 (6  3)] ÷ 2
= 4 + 3 [8 – 2(3)] ÷ 2 (∵ 6  3 = 3)
= 4 + 3 [8 – 6] ÷ 2 (∵ 2(3) = 6)
= 4 + 3 [2] ÷ 2 (∵ 8 – 6 = 2)
= 4 + 6 ÷ 2 (∵ 3 × 2 = 6)
= 4 + 3
= 7
☛Related Articles
Check out the few more interesting articles related to PEDAS and rules. Learn the difference between BODMAS and PEMDAS with the help of the following articles.
PEMDAS Examples

Example 1:
Simplify the expression by using the PEMDAS rule: 18÷(82×3).
Solution:
Given expression: 18÷(82×3)
According to the PEMDAS rule, we have to solve parentheses first. But, here, inside the parentheses, we have two operations, multiplication and subtraction. So, we have to multiply first before it comes first in PEMDAS. So, (82×3)= 86 = 2
Now, we can rewrite the expression as 18÷2 as 18÷2= 9
∴ 18÷(82×3)= 9.

Example 2:
Simplify the expression by using the PEMDAS rule: (4×3÷6+1)×3^{2}
Solution:
Step 1 First, we need to multiply 4 by 3 in the given expression, (4×3÷6+1)×3^{2}, we get, (12÷6+1)×3^{2}
Step 2 Now, we need to divide 12 by 6 inside the bracket, so, we get, (2+1)×3^{2}
Step 3 Remove parentheses after adding 2 and 1, we get, 3×3^{2}
Step 4 Solve exponent, i.e 3^{2}, which is 9, 3×9
Step 5 Multiply 3 by 9 to get the final answer, which is, 3×9= 27
∴ (4×3÷6+1)×3^{2}= 27.
FAQs on PEMDAS
What Does PEMDAS Mean?
PEMDAS means the order of operations for mathematical expressions involving more than one operation. It stands for P Parentheses, E Exponents, M Multiplication, D Division, A Addition, and S Subtraction.
How Does Pemdas Rule Work?
In any arithmetic expression, if there are multiple operations used then we have to solve the terms written in parentheses first. After getting rid of parentheses, we solve multiplication and division operations, whatever comes first in the expression from left to right. Then, we will get a simplified expression with only addition and subtraction operations. We solve addition and subtraction in left to right order, whatever comes first, and get the final answer. This is how PEMDAS works.
How to Do Pemdas With Fractions?
In an expression with fractions, there is no change in the use of the PEMDAS rule. It is to be done in the same way as any whole number expression.
What Does the P Stand for in Pemdas?
In PEMDAS, P stands for parentheses or brackets. The order for solving brackets is given as [{()}]. It means we always solve the innermost bracket first and then we move forward to curly brackets and square brackets.
What is the Use of PEMDAS Calculator?
We all are very well versed with the set of arithmetic operations which are addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. PEMDAS is a set of rules which are followed while solving mathematical expressions. To easily and quickly simplify any arithmetic expression we use PEMDAS Calculator. Try now Cuemath's PEMDAS calculator a free online tool to help you solve mathematical expressions and get your answers just by a click.
Do You Multiply or Divide First in PEMDAS?
In the PEMDAS rule, we solve operations on multiplication and division from left to right. We can perform any operation, multiplication, or division, whatever comes first in the expression.
When do we Apply the PEMDAS Rule?
PEMDAS Rule is applied for solving difficult mathematical expressions involving more than one operation like addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division.
☛Also Check:
Try these FREE Worksheets now to practice PEMDAS Rules.
What is the Rule for PEMDAS?
The PEMDAS rule gives us the correct sequence for solving a mathematical expression. In the PEMDAS rule, operations are performed in parentheses first. Next, operations are performed on exponents or powers. This is followed by the operations of multiplication or division from left to right, whichever comes first. Finally, the operations of addition or subtraction are performed from left to right, whichever comes first.
visual curriculum