**Introduction to PEMDAS**

There are different scenarios where everything goes through various steps in a fixed sequence.

Consider the following scenario.

Ryan and Ruhi visited a toy factory.

They both observed the processes followed in the factory to manufacture toys.

Toys are first designed.

Next, they are built and packed in boxes.

Finally, they are checked for quality before being shipped to stores.

Everything is done in a set order.

Similarly, arithmetic operations are done in a well-ordered manner.

Let us learn the order of operations in Mathematics.

The symbols shown below are the **operators**.

These are used to perform the mathematical operations on the numbers.

Finding the answer to mathematical operations is fairly simple when only one operator is involved.

What if multiple operators are involved?

This could get a little trickier! Let’s see how.

Ryan and Ruhi solved a mathematical expression \(5+2 \times 3\) separately.

This is how they solved it.

As you can observe, Ryan and Ruhi got different answers.

There can only be one correct answer to this expression in mathematics!

Can you decide who is correct?

Don’t worry! **PEMDAS** is here to help you find the correct answer.

**What is PEMDAS?**

**PEMDAS: Definition**

PEMDAS is a set of rules which are followed while solving mathematical expressions.

This rule starts with **Parentheses**, and then operations are performed on the **exponents **or powers.

Next, we perform operations on **multiplication or division** from left to right.

Finally, operations on **addition or subtraction** are performed from left to right.

If you stick to this order of operations in the PEMDAS rule, you will always get the correct answer.

The following acronym will help you remember the PEMDAS Rule.

Let us understand PEMDAS with the help of an example.

The** PEMDAS **rule is similar to the **BODMAS **rule.

There is a difference in the name of the rule because certain terms are known by different names in different locations.

**When to use PEMDAS?**

When there is more than one operation in a mathematical expression, we use the PEMDAS method.

PEMDAS in Math gives you a proper structure to produce a unique answer for every mathematical expression.

There is a sequence of certain rules that need to be followed when using the PEMDAS method.

Once you get the hang of these rules, you can do multiple steps at once.

- Operations in brackets should be carried out first.
- Next, solve the exponents in the expression.
- Move from left to right and carry out multiplication or division, whichever comes first.
- Move from left to right and carry out addition or subtraction, whichever comes firs

**Solved Examples**

Now, let us solve a few easy examples using these rules.

Example 1 |

\(18\div(8-2\times 3)\)

**Solution: **

\[\begin{align}18\div(8-2\times 3)&=18\div(8-6)\\&=18\div 2\\&=9\end{align}\]

\(18\div(8-2\times 3)=9\) |

Example 2 |

\((4\times 3\div 6+1)\times 3^{2}\)

**Solution:**

\[\begin{align}(4\times 3\div 6+1)\times 3^{2}&=(12\div 6+1)\times 3^{2}\\&=(2+1)\times 3^{2}\\&=3 \times 3^{2}\\&=3 \times 9\\&=27\end{align}\]

\((4\times 3\div 6+1)\times 3^{2}=27\) |

Example 3 |

\(4^{2}\div 2+4\times 3\)

**Solution:**

\[\begin{align}4^{2}\div 2+4\times 3&=16\div 2+4\times 3\\&=8+12\\&=20\end{align}\]

\(4^{2}\div 2+4\times 3=20\) |

Practicing these questions might have made you understand that the order of operations in the PEMDAS rule is nothing but the order of operations that we use to solve difficult mathematical expressions.

Now, let us get back to the mathematical expression given to Ruhi and Ryan to solve, and decide who got the correct answer.

\[\begin{align}5+2 \times 3&=5+6\\&=11\end{align}\]

Thus, based on the order of operations, Ryan got the correct answer.

But, where did Ruhi go wrong? Let’s see.

According to the PEMDAS rule, addition is followed after multiplication.

But, Ruhi performed addition before multiplication.

This step resulted in an incorrect answer.

**Common Mistakes while using PEMDAS rule in Math**

The presence of multiple brackets usually causes confusion.

If we don't know which bracket to solve first, it could lead to an incorrect answer.

We will now learn how to solve this expression with multiple brackets.

\[4 + 3[8 –2(6 – 3)] \div 2\]

We will begin with working from the inside of the brackets.

We will solve the inner-most bracket first and then move outside.

Starting with \(6 – 3 = 3\), we get:

\[4 + 3[8 – 2(3)] \div 2\]

Next, multiplying \(2 (3)=6\) or \(2 \times 3=6\), we get:

\[4 + 3[8 – 6] \div 2\]

There is one bracket left, \([8 – 6] = 2\)

\[4 + 3[2] \div 2\]

Solving \(3 [2]\) or \(3 \times 2 = 6\), we have:

\[4 + 6 \div 2\]

We can observe that all the expressions in the brackets are solved.

Based on PEMDAS, we know that division comes next, hence, \(6 \div 2 = 3\)

\[4 + 3\]

And lastly, addition \(4 + 3 = 7\)

\(4 + 3[8 –2(6 – 3)] \div 2=7\) |

- Simplify the following expression using the order of operations.

\[4\times(18\div{2+1-8\div4})\]

**Practice Questions**

**Here are a few activities for you to practice. **

**Select/Type your answer and click the "Check Answer" button to see the result.**

**Important Topics**

**Given below are the list of topics that are closely connected to PEMDAS. These topics will also give you a glimpse of how such concepts are covered in Cuemath.**

**Maths Olympiad Sample Papers**

IMO (International Maths Olympiad) is a competitive exam in Mathematics conducted annually for school students. It encourages children to develop their math solving skills from a competition perspective.

You can download the FREE grade-wise sample papers from below:

- IMO Sample Paper Class 1
- IMO Sample Paper Class 2
- IMO Sample Paper Class 3
- IMO Sample Paper Class 4
- IMO Sample Paper Class 5
- IMO Sample Paper Class 6
- IMO Sample Paper Class 7
- IMO Sample Paper Class 8
- IMO Sample Paper Class 9
- IMO Sample Paper Class 10

To know more about the Maths Olympiad you can **click here**

**Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)**

## 1. What is the rule for PEMDAS?

The PEMDAS rule gives us the correct sequence for solving a mathematical expression.

In PEMDAS rule, operations are performed in parentheses first.

Next, operations are performed on exponents or powers.

This is followed by the operations on multiplication or division from left to right, whichever comes first.

Finally,the operations on addition or subtraction are performed from left to right, whichever comes first.

## 2. Do you multiply or divide first in PEMDAS?

In PEMDAS rule, we solve operations on multiplication and division from left to right.

We perform the operation that comes first.

## 3. When do we apply the PEMDAS rule?

PEMDAS Rule is applied for solving difficult mathematical expression involving more than one operation like addition, subtraction, multiplication or division.