Use the rules for multiplication by powers of 10 to calculate 3 × 100.
Power and exponents are one of the most important concepts. They are very useful when it comes to calculations, and they can represent very large numbers in a compact form in the powers of 10.
Answer: By the rules of multiplication by powers of 10, we get 3 × 100 as 300.
Let's understand the solution in detail.
By the rules of multiplication by powers of 10, 100 can be represented as 102.
Hence, we have to calculate 3 × 102.
Now, we know that any number to the power of 10n will result in the original number with n zeroes after it.
Hence, we append 2 zeroes after 3 to get the result of the given multiplication questions.
Hence, 3 × 102 = 300