Intercept Form
The intercept form of the equation of a line is x/a + y/b = 1. This is one of the important forms of equations of a line. Also, the sign of the intercepts in this equation help us to know the location of the line with respect to the coordinate axes. The intercept form of the equation of the line can be understood as the line which makes a right triangle with the coordinates axes, with the sides of lengths as 'a' units and 'b' units respectively.
Let us now check the equation of intercept form, the graph of intercept form, and the derivation of intercept form, from other forms of equations of a line.
What Is Intercept Form?
The intercept form of the equation of a line has an equation x/a + y/b = 1, where 'a' is the xintercept, and 'b' is the yintercept. The xintercept is the shortest distance of the point on the xaxis from the origin, where the line cuts the xaxis, and the yintercept is the shortest distance of the point on the yaxis from the origin, where the line cuts the yaxis. Also considering the points, the line cuts the xaxis at the point(a, 0), and it cuts the yaxis at the point(0, b).
Intercept Form of Equation of a Line: x/a + y/b = 1.
Here x, y, are the variables in the equation, a, b, are the xintercept, and the yintercept in the equation. This equation has a slope of b/a.
Since this line cuts both the coordinate axes, it makes a right triangle with the coordinate axes, and the area of the right angled triangle is equal to the product of half of its intercepts(\(\frac{1}{2}ab\)). Further, the intercept form of the equation of a line can be simplified and represented as the standard form of the equation of a line as bx + ay = ab.
Graph of Intercept Form of Equation
The graph of intercept form cuts the coordinate axes at the two points on the xaxis and the yaxis respectively. The two points are at distances of 'a' units and 'b' units from the origin, and on the x and yaxis respectively. Since the line cuts an intercept of 'a' units on the xaxis, it passes through the point (a, 0) on the xaxis. and it cuts an intercept of 'b' units on the yaxis, it passes through the point (0, b) on the yaxis respectively.
Derivation of Intercept Form of Equation
The intercept form of the equation of the line can be derived from the other forms of equations of a line. Here we derive the intercept form of the equation of the line from the twopoint form of equation of a line.
Two Point Form
The two point form of equation of a line requires two points on the line. The equation of a line passing through the twopoints (a, 0), and (0, b) can be found using the twopoint form of the equation of a line. The equation of the line passing through the two points (a, 0), and (0, b) respectively is as follows.
y  0 = (b  0)/(0  a).(x  a)
y = b/a.(x  a)
ay = b(x  a)
ay = bx  ab
ab = bx + ay
bx + ay = ab
(bx + ay)/ab = 1
bx/ab + ay/ab = 1
x/a + y/b = 1
Related Topics
The following related topics are helpful for a better understanding of the intercept form of the equation of a line.
 Coordinate Geometry
 Coordinate Plane
 Cartesian Coordinates
 y = mx + b
 Two Point Form
 Point Slope Form
 Slope Intercept Form of a Line
Important Notes
The following points help in clearly understanding the details of the intercept form of the equation of a line.
 The intercept form of the equation of a line is x/a + y/b = 1
 The intercept form of the equation of a line makes the xintercept of 'a' units, and the yintercept of 'b' units.
 Based on the sign of the intercepts we can find the quadrants through which the line passes through.
 The intercept form of the equation of a line makes a right triangle with the coordinate axes, and the area of this right triangle is 1/2.ab.
Examples on Intercept Form

Example 1: Convert the equation 12x + 3y 24 = 0 into intercept form. What is the xintercept and the yintercept of the line?
Solution:
The given equation of a line is 12x + 3y  24= 0. This aim is to convert this to intercept form of equation of a line.
12 + 3y = 24
(12x + 3y)/24 = 1
12x/24 + 3y/24 = 1
x/2 + y/8 = 1
Comparing this with the equation x/a + y/b = 1, we have the xintercept a = 2, and yintercept, b = 8.
Answer: Therefore the xintercept is 2, and the yintercept is 8.

Example 2: The line 3x + 7y  42 = 0 forms a triangle with the coordinate axes. Find the area of the triangle.
Solution:
The given equation of the line is 3x + 7y  42 = 0. The aim is to find the area of the triangle formed by this line and the coordinate axes. For this first, we need to convert this equation to the intercept form of the equation of a line.
3x + 7y = 42
(3x + 7y)/42=1
3x/42 + 7y/42=1
x/14 + y/6 = 1
Comparing this with the intercept form of equation of the line x/a + y/b = 1, we have the xintercept = a = 14, and the yintercept = b = 6.
The area of the triangle formed by this line and the coordinate axes is 1/2.ab.
Area of the triangle = 1/2 × 14 × 6
= 42 square units
Answer: Therefore the area of the triangle formed by this line and the coordinate axes is 42 square units.
FAQs on Intercept Form
What Is Intercept Form of Equation of a Line?
The Intercept Form of Equation of a Line is of the Form x/a + y/b = 1. Here 'a' is the xintercept, and 'b' is the yintercept. The value of 'a' is the distance from the origin, and on the xaxis, at which this line cuts the xaxis, and the value of 'b' is the distance from the origin, and on the yaxis, at which this line cuts the yaxis. The signs of these intercepts helps us to know the quadrants through which this line is passing.
What Can be Derived From the Intercept Form of Equation of A Line?
The intercept form of the equation of the straight line helps us to derive two important aspects. Firstly, the intercept form of equation of line ( x/a + y/b = 1), helps us in knowing the xintercept and the yintercept of the line. Secondly, based on the signs of the intercepts, we can find the quadrant through which this line passes.
How To Convert Intercept Form to Standard Form of Equation of a Line?
The intercept form of the equation of the line can be easily transformed into the standard form of the equation of a line. The intercept form of the equation of the line is x/a + y/b = 1, and the standard form of the equation of the line is ax + by + c = 0. The steps of transformation from intercept form to standard form is as follows.
x/a + y/b = 1
(bx + ay)/ab = 1
bx + ay = ab
This abovederived equation of a line is of the form ax + by + c = 0, and it represents the standard equation of a line.
What Are the Other Forms of Equations of a Line, Similar to Intercept Form?
The other forms of equations of a line, similar to intercept form, are as follows.
 Point Slope Form: \(y  y_1 = m(x  x_1)\).
 Two Point Form: \(y  y_1 = \frac{y_2  y_1}{x_2  x_1}(x  x_1)\)
 Slope Intercept Form: y = mx + c
 Intercept Form: x/a + y/b = 1
 Normal Form: xCosθ + ySinθ = P