# (a) Look at the following matchstick pattern of squares (Fig 11.6). The squares are not separate. Two neighbouring squares have a common matchstick. Observe the patterns and find the rule that gives the number of matchsticks in terms of the number of squares. (Hint : If you remove the vertical stick at the end, you will get a pattern of Cs.)

(b) Fig 11.7 gives a matchstick pattern of triangles. As in Exercise 11 (a) above, find the general rule that gives the number of matchsticks in terms of the number of triangles.

**Solution:**

a) By observing the pattern carefully, it can be concluded that the number of matchsticks is 4, 7, 10, and 13 which is 1 more than thrice the number of squares present.

i.e, 1 square = 3 × 1 + 1 = 4 matchsticks, 2 squares = 3 × 2 + 1 = 7 matchsticks and so on..

Thus, the rule for this pattern = 3n + 1 where, n = number of squares

b) Similarly, by observing the above matchstick pattern of triangles, we can conclude that every consecutive triangle shares a common matchstick.

The number of matchsticks in the first pattern is 3, i.e, 2 × 1 + 1 = 3

The number of matchsticks in the second pattern is 5, i.e, 2 × 2 + 1 = 5

The number of matchsticks in the third pattern is 7, i.e, 2 × 3 + 1 = 7

Thus, the pattern generated is adding 1 matchstick to twice the number of triangles present

Hence, the general rule for the pattern of triangles is 2n + 1 where, n = number of triangles

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 11 Exercise 11.1 Question 11

## (a) Look at the following matchstick pattern of squares (Fig 11.6). The squares are not separate. Two neighbouring squares have a common matchstick. Observe the patterns and find the rule that gives the number of matchsticks in terms of the number of squares. (Hint : If you remove the vertical stick at the end, you will get a pattern of Cs.)

(b) Fig 11.7 gives a matchstick pattern of triangles. As in Exercise 11 (a) above, find the general rule that gives the number of matchsticks in terms of the number of triangles.

**Summary:**

(a)The pattern rule for the number of matchsticks in the pattern of squares is 3n + 1, where n = number of squares

(b) The general rule for the matchstick pattern of triangles is 2n + 1, where n = number of triangles

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