# A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres stuck to each of its ends (see Fig. 13.10). The length of the entire capsule is 14 mm and the diameter of the capsule is 5 mm. Find its surface area.

**Solution:**

As the capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with 2 hemispheres stuck to its ends, the diameter of the capsule is equal to the diameter of its cylindrical part and the diameter of its hemispherical part.

From Fig. 13.10, it’s clear that the capsule has the curved surface of two hemispheres and the curved surface of a cylinder.

Surface area of the capsule = 2 × CSA of hemispherical part + CSA of cylindrical part

The surface area of the capsule can be found by using formulae;

CSA of the hemisphere = 2πr^{2}, where r is the radius of the hemisphere

CSA of the cylinder = 2πrh, where r and h are the radius and height of the cylinder respectively.

Diameter of the capsule, d = 5 mm

Radius of the hemisphere, r = d/2 = 5/2 mm

Radius of the cylinder, r = 5/2 mm

Length of the cylinder = Length of the capsule - 2 × radius of the hemisphere

h = 14 mm - 2 × 5/2 mm = 9 mm

Surface area of the capsule = 2 × CSA of hemispherical part + CSA of cylindrical part

= 2 × 2πr^{2} + 2πrh

= 2πr (2r + h)

= [2 × 22/7 × 5/2 mm × (2 × 5/2 mm + 9 mm)]

= 110/7 mm × 14 mm

= 220 mm^{2}

Thus, the surface area of the capsule is 220 mm^{2}.

**Video Solution:**

## A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres stuck to each of its ends (see Fig. 13.10). The length of the entire capsule is 14 mm and the diameter of the capsule is 5 mm. Find its surface area.

### NCERT Solutions Class 10 Maths - Chapter 13 Exercise 13.1 Question 6 :

**Summary:**

The surface area of a medicine capsule which is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres stuck to each of its ends having a length of the entire capsule as 14 mm and the diameter of 5 mm is 220 mm^{2}.